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PAST SIMPLE vs. PRESENT PERFECT - What's the Difference? - #1 Most Common Error - English Grammar

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In this lesson, you will learn how to use the PAST SIMPLE and PRESENT PERFECT tenses correctly. Also see - MOST COMMON MISTAKES IN ENGLISH & HOW TO AVOID THEM: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Dax90QyXgI&list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9 ★★★ Also check out ★★★ ➜ PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE Part 1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bWr1HXqRKC0&index=1&list=PLmwr9polMHwsRNZW607CtVZhg_SzsbiJw ➜ ALL TENSES Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwsRNZW607CtVZhg_SzsbiJw ➜ PARTS OF SPEECH Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwsQmAjoAxtFvwk_PaqQeS68 ➜ ALL GRAMMAR LESSONS: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9 ➜ VERBS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LciKb0uuFEc&index=2&list=PLmwr9polMHwsQmAjoAxtFvwk_PaqQeS68 ➜ NOUNS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8sBYpxaDOPo&index=3&list=PLmwr9polMHwsQmAjoAxtFvwk_PaqQeS68 ➜ PRONOUNS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZCrAJB4VohA&index=4&list=PLmwr9polMHwsQmAjoAxtFvwk_PaqQeS68 ➜ ADJECTIVES: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SnmeV6RYcf0&index=5&list=PLmwr9polMHwsQmAjoAxtFvwk_PaqQeS68 ➜ ADVERBS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dKL26Gji4UY&index=6&list=PLmwr9polMHwsQmAjoAxtFvwk_PaqQeS68 For more FREE English lessons, SUBSCRIBE to this channel. Transcript: Hi and welcome back. In this lesson, I will show you how to avoid the most common mistake that people make with the past simple and present perfect tenses, and how to use the two tenses correctly. We will do an exercise to really understand the concept, and there is a quiz to test your understanding. So let’s start. Have a look at these five sentences. Some of the sentences are wrong. Stop the video, try to make the corrections, then play the video again and check. Alright, actually, I tricked you a little bit with that. All of these sentences are wrong. That’s because, they all talk about a single, finished action in the past. You can see this on the timeline. The action can be at any time in the past – it can be 1998 or it can be last week or even yesterday. But if you mention the time for a finished action, then you MUST use the past simple – not the present perfect. Notice that in all of these sentences, there is a strong focus on the time when the action happened. So when do you use the present perfect? You can use it if the action happened recently, and you want to focus on the action and not the time. In our five sentences, the first three are not recent, they happened further back in the past. But if I bought a house just two weeks ago, or last week, I can say “I have bought a house.” That means I have bought the house recently. So if I say to you, “Hey guess what! I have bought a house!” then I am giving you good news. I’m focusing on buying the house. I’m not talking about the time because it’s not important. If you want to know the time, you can ask “When did you buy it?” Then I can say “I bought it two weeks ago” or “I bought it last week.” Notice, again, to mention the time, we use the past simple. Alright, I’m now going to give you a test to see if you can use these two tenses correctly. Just remember: if the past time is important, then use the past simple. If the time is not important, use the present perfect. You see three dialogues on the screen. In each sentence, I want you to choose the correct form of the verb. Stop the video, think about your answers, then play the video again and check. Alright, let’s discuss the answers. Number one is “Hey Sabina, your package has arrived. Here, Ruth is giving news, so there’s no need to mention the time. For this reason, we use the present perfect tense. In number two, “When did it arrive?” We want to use the past simple here because this question asks about the specific time that the action happened. Number three is “It arrived this morning.” because here Ruth says exactly when it happened – this morning, so the past simple is correct. Number four – “Hi Paul. Great news. I have passed my exams.” In number five, “Congrats! When did the results come out?” Number six is “They came out last night”. Number seven is “Have you ever been to Argentina?” Here, we don’t mention a time because the question asks about life experience. The time is not important. So it’s like asking: “In your life, have you ever visited Argentina?” ‘Been’ means ‘visited’ here. Number eight is “No, I haven’t. Have you?” And number nine – “Yes, I went there on vacation in 2010.” Here, we want the past simple because the time is mentioned – 2010. How many answers did you get right? Let me know in the comments section below. I’d like to thank five of our viewers for sending in the request for this lesson: Michael Cygnus, Sourav Sagar, Alberto Linhares, Yogesh Dwivedi, and Manish Chauthani. Alright, click the subscribe button to get more FREE English lessons, and I will see you in another lesson soon.
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Text Comments (436)
Learn English Lab (1 year ago)
Hey there, I hope you enjoyed this lesson. Let me know if you have any questions. Also check out: ➜ 1 Simple Trick to *Become FLUENT* in English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O0qT4cK-wtk&list=PLmwr9polMHwsI6vWZkm3W_VE7cWtYVjix ➜ *50* Words You are *Pronouncing WRONG:* https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TdtUjWb0O9w&list=PLmwr9polMHwtOrZVwGuiN8xLup5elPE6f ➜ *Most Common MISTAKES* in English & How to Avoid Them: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Dax90QyXgI&list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9 ➜ *POWER Writing* - Write ANYTHING in English Easily (Essays, Emails, Letters Etc.): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dT_D68RJ5T8&list=PLmwr9polMHwtPulG3q4SrSNIZzlJl2gXf ➜ *100 English Sentences* You Can Use in Conversation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8dRuy1VLCiQ&list=PLmwr9polMHwsI6vWZkm3W_VE7cWtYVjix ➜ Learn *TELEPHONE English* - 100 Sentences You Can Use on the Phone: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fkppeSjRj0E&list=PLmwr9polMHwsI6vWZkm3W_VE7cWtYVjix ➜ Speak English FLUENTLY like a *NATIVE SPEAKER* with *just 10 words:* https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8KU2eobDMqs&list=PLmwr9polMHwsI6vWZkm3W_VE7cWtYVjix ➜ All *GRAMMAR* lessons: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9 ➜ All *MODAL VERBS* Lessons (Could, Would, Should, May, Might, Must etc.): https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwvGTssgSU9KWEm2T4WiWaTj ➜ All *PARTS OF SPEECH* lessons: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwsQmAjoAxtFvwk_PaqQeS68 ➜ All *ARTICLES* (a, an, the) lessons: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwsbkqz6kU5e6MgpvaYrpKfX ➜ All *PRONUNCIATION* lessons: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwtOrZVwGuiN8xLup5elPE6f ➜ All *TENSES* lessons: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwsRNZW607CtVZhg_SzsbiJw
Ieltswriting module (2 months ago)
Please make a video about synthesis of sentences
Chika Kouchi (6 months ago)
I love you
Kshitij Mishra (16 days ago)
I have watched so many english video, but when I watch you, then that concept is crystal clear. Truly your are best teacher ever I have seen.
Caroline queen (18 days ago)
Thank you so much sir, now I have clear mind on how to exactly use it.
Mohamed Shafie (22 days ago)
6 answers
bhalchandra kulkarni (26 days ago)
Sir, your videos are extremely useful. They help me a lot for my examinations. In addition, your teaching skills make it more easy to understand. Thank you Ganesh sir.
We want lessons for Phonetics
abhismit bhamare (1 month ago)
Thorough, gre8 presentation skill.👍 you explained so well. But year after now I'm expecting deep lessons on other tense too
sudhan balaji (1 month ago)
great lesson sir......Q1.how to use HAVE BEEN and Had been sir....?......I have enjoyed this lesson
Salman Sayyed (1 month ago)
All
Luis magtangol (1 month ago)
thanks..i learned a lot!
MANALI Gupta (1 month ago)
This video is so useful! I have one doubt though. What about indefinite times? For example if I want to say, "I've been/went to London this year." Which one is correct?
Ankur Jain (1 month ago)
Sir, you are great ! Day by day I am learning good concepts of English because of your channel. Thank you very much Ganesh Sir !!!!
Alok Singh (1 month ago)
Simple past vs past perfect plsssdd
binu csabu (1 month ago)
sir its really helpful to us. plz put all the tenses a part like present past and future and their divisions
Manju C (2 months ago)
I got all the answers correct
shada shell (2 months ago)
Why we didn't use . No I didn't in sentence 7 .
English Academy (2 months ago)
Hello Please make a video on Present perfect continue VS Passive - present perfect. She has given a gift. She has been given a gift. It's confusing.
9 out of 9
Mystic Meadows Homestead (2 months ago)
"Which" and "that," please.
Abhijith N Bhat Marate (2 months ago)
Thank you sir! You are an awesome teacher❤️
Efon Suliman (2 months ago)
Got it all right 😰
krubakaran n (2 months ago)
Where has she placed her book? Where did she placed her book What is difference????explain pls
krubakaran n (2 months ago)
What is the difference between did,had,has and where should be used ?????
vivek modi (2 months ago)
sir, I have two questions can you give me the answer with explanation 1. I _____(study) Philosophy for a few years and I think it is a real advantage in life. I'm still learning Philosophy. 2. He has worked hard for 3 years and he is proud because he ______ (pass) his exam.
Raunak Batra (2 months ago)
all are correct//thnks sir
mukul kumar (3 months ago)
None
h kashyap (3 months ago)
Sir please make a video on Past Simple and Past Perfect.🙏🙏🙏
Valius J.J. (3 months ago)
Dear teacher. Explain these two sentences. I do not understand why in the first sentence it is used present perfect, and in other sentence it is used past simple. 1. Sam is from Colorado, which is hundreds of miles from the coast, so he has never seen the ocean. He should come with us to Miami. 2. How sad! George dreamt of going to California before he died, but he didn't make it. He never saw the ocean.
Aman Sheth (3 months ago)
Could you upload a video about 'change the degree'.
Gurcharan Singh (3 months ago)
तुमने क्या खाया का अंग्रेजी अनुवाद बताए
Arafa Mahmoud (3 months ago)
Wonderful
shyam sundar (3 months ago)
Please share videos about Which Vs that
Manoj Kumar (4 months ago)
Thanks a lot
Simon zapati (4 months ago)
CAN YOU SAY I HAVE WATCHED THREE MOVIES THIS WEEK. I am mentioning time; however, it is current time. Please let me know.
mallika kulal (4 months ago)
Sir, 'the next morning she was taken ill. Here how was taken is correct? If it correct please explain sir because with was we use v+ing form. right..
Simon zapati (4 months ago)
If the time is NOT MENTIONED, do you HAVE to use the Present Perfect or is it optional i.e. can you use either the past simple or the present perfect? Please let me know. THANKS.
Masgina Gebremedhin 00 (4 months ago)
I live in Sweden and I fallowed your program it is so good I like it keep it upp.
UMESH PATLAVATH (4 months ago)
i got 8 out of 9
Priyadarshini Mallik (4 months ago)
very helpful
Sophia K (4 months ago)
благодарю вам. вы гласите этак верно и понятно,не плохое обьяснение
Omar Ayman (4 months ago)
Could you please answer my question: "I didn't/haven't seen him this morning." Now, you said that for a specific time, we should use the past simple; nevertheless, my teacher has answered it using present perfect, like this: "I haven't seen him this morning." So is she mistaken or not?
Zaheer K Waso (5 months ago)
Sir I need detailed videos about tenses..
bribib bribib (5 months ago)
yes in fact you are an exellent teacher
Cataclysmic Touch (5 months ago)
What is the dfference between these 2 sentences and which one is right ? 1. While the population continues to grow, the food production has never kept pace with it. 2. While the population continues to grow, the food production doesn't keep pace with it. Thank you!
Cataclysmic Touch (5 months ago)
Which one is the correct sentence and what is the difference ? 1. In most of the discussions, focus has been given to the food availability. 2. In most of the discussions, focus is given to the food availability.
arif yousuf (5 months ago)
You have a great skills to explain, very impressive.
hodayah amar (5 months ago)
You explain very good
Roopa Ganesh (5 months ago)
Hi Ganesh. Please tell me what is the difference between past tenses and perfect tenses. How can this be explained? Please help.
kulwant dhaliwal (5 months ago)
please sir baki sb tenses k liye alg alg video bnao
Hitesh Vishwakarma (6 months ago)
Sir plz upload videos on questions tag
Raja Jothi (6 months ago)
Plz upload 12Tenses video
Ahmed it Khan (6 months ago)
I want to get this type of video on all the types past and future tenses (Withh figure, pictorial example..).. Sir ,Would u like to make it....
Temitope Oluwa (6 months ago)
In one lesson there are 3 questions I got 2 right and 1wrong,thanks sir
Dhara Gupta (6 months ago)
Its nice experience to see ur classes on youtube.... thank u !!
Chandan Karwa (6 months ago)
super like
Manan Sodagar (6 months ago)
Everytime I confuse between past perfect and present perfect. Could you help me out?
Muaaza 143 (6 months ago)
Hi. I got all of them correct, Except number 9. - Thank you for this clarification.
Ratnala Prakash (6 months ago)
Thanks
Abdelrhman Yasser (6 months ago)
Thank you so much for this simple explanation but could you tell me when I use for, since here I 'm mentioning a time and using present perfect so could you tell me that point and thank you again for this video
Pruthve Rej (7 months ago)
Sir can you tell exactly where we can use present perfect
Chandru Sj (7 months ago)
Hands down , u r down to earth person . Teaching quality is awesome .... Thanks a lot sir ... Blessed to have u as a teacher in my life .
Rafi. Shaikh (7 months ago)
Sir plz make video on simple past vs past perfect tense.....plz
akhilesh negi (7 months ago)
Wow what a way to explain.....subscribed!!!
Rafi. Shaikh (7 months ago)
Thank you much sir...
jagadeesh madepalli (7 months ago)
Sir please do a lesson on how to speak in english without confusion
rahulkumar tiwari (7 months ago)
Sir I am highly impressed by your pronunciation.How can I be like you you? Guide me please.
Gowtham Ram (7 months ago)
Sir please upload d/w simple past and past perfect sir.
Hi Mr. Ganesh In this world there are many teachers in different majors, but most of them are not capable to deliver the information to the students. just few teachers has a natural gift to how understand and deliver the information to the students, and you are one of them Mr. Ganesh. when I found your lectures (by coincidence) on the internet and listened to them I was very impressed to your way and unique ability to deliver information to the students. I hope from you to prepare and author a comprehensive English book which cover all grammar issues, how to learn English, grammar English mistakes etc. and then try to explain this book step by step in videos. I think this work will be enough and reference for us because in these days it's difficult to find good book and good teacher. And finally I would like to thank you for your efforts.
Sourav Saini (7 months ago)
Thanku n appreciates for ur effort sir!
Mari M (7 months ago)
I am confused with one of the sentences: " It arrived this morning" why this one? Can I use "It has arrived this morning" too?
Lavanya Gangadhar (7 months ago)
You have made great lesson to explain difference between the present perfect and simple past tense. Thank you sir
JoJo Elephant (7 months ago)
You are amazing . I can understand easily what you teach. Thank you
Angie Hadap (7 months ago)
I am bad in writing english, I can't understand the usage of articles, preposition and the tenses and other more english grammar, because of your teaching I probably do it little by little coping up with my grammar. Thank you Teacher Ganesh
JITENDRA MISHRA (8 months ago)
sir what did you do today and what have you done what should we use and where we use thanks a lot
kiran wani (8 months ago)
Finally I got difference
MAHESH BHOR (7 months ago)
'Finally I have got the difference' is correct.
rafeeque rafeeque (8 months ago)
can I say I played yesterday?
Mohrukh Talabkhoja (8 months ago)
Thank you so much. Your explanation was very clear. Most of all your tests did help me.
Nariman Masri (8 months ago)
8
Sowjanya's English Class (8 months ago)
Very nice class sir
Jomy Jomy (8 months ago)
Sir I got 9/9☺️
Poonam Boora (8 months ago)
Thank you sir You explain it very clearly
Winaflor Inocente (8 months ago)
Thank you so much for this very informative video. I learned a lot from you. More power!
Gurpreet Kaur (8 months ago)
Hlo sir, I have one question. Plz tell me. Why you used 'they'... (in 6 sentence last 'they came out last night')... instead it came out last night
Hassan Raza (9 months ago)
Man, it is still confusing.. Well I'll try to handle it by myself.. Thanks
Kumaresan Kumaresan (9 months ago)
simple and easy thanks
cummulus cummulus (9 months ago)
You are a great teacher. Bravo!
Ashish Zaware (9 months ago)
Thank you.
Amandeep Kaur (9 months ago)
Make detailed videos on every tense as you have made on simple present and on sentence formation
Dovakiin BO (9 months ago)
You're such a good professor. Thank you !
Chandu Yadav441 (9 months ago)
8 are correct
Santosh Kumbhar (9 months ago)
Thank you for this video. Can you please make in detail videos on all tenses?
debasish sahu (9 months ago)
Sir please upload other tenses which are similar in use.
Piotr Piotrowski (10 months ago)
Hi thank you so much this lesson. I had two wrong
Jaynil Tandel (10 months ago)
I have gotten all of it right
Shaeena Mk (10 months ago)
sir I have a doubt I got a question in exam as I........... see that movie before, what is the answer comes in that blank
Emil Jose (10 months ago)
“I think she has left me” “I think she left me” Which one is correct sir?
Snehal Konduskar (10 months ago)
Like simple present could you please share more detail videos on all tenses..
Snehal Konduskar (10 months ago)
Learn English Lab.ya I have watched all videos and it's useful too.but ur video explaining simple present is much descriptive and easy to understand.could you help me
Learn English Lab (10 months ago)
Have you seen this lesson - Learn *ALL TENSES* Easily in 30 Minutes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3lI3R9_Z1HY&list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9
HISSEN DAOUD (10 months ago)
thanks Great Teacher
Snehal Konduskar (10 months ago)
Waiting for more videos on tenses ..thanks in advance
worship your health (10 months ago)
Now I understand completely... really hats off you sir

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