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Sp3 hybridization | Chemical bonds | Chemistry | Khan Academy
 
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Sp3 hybrid orbitals and properties of sigma bonds. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/chemical-bonds/copy-of-covalent-bonds/v/steric-number-sp3-hybridization?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=chemistry Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/chemical-bonds/copy-of-dot-structures/v/vsepr-for-6-electron-clouds?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=chemistry Chemistry on Khan Academy: Did you know that everything is made out of chemicals? Chemistry is the study of matter: its composition, properties, and reactivity. This material roughly covers a first-year high school or college course, and a good understanding of algebra is helpful. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s Chemistry channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCyEot66LrwWFEMONvrIBh3A?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Hybridization of Atomic Orbitals, Sigma and Pi Bonds, Sp Sp2 Sp3, Organic Chemistry, Bonding
 
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This organic chemistry video tutorial explains the hybridization of atomic orbitals. It discusses how to determine the number of sigma and pi bonds in a molecule as well determining if a carbon is sp, sp2, or sp3 hybridized. This video contains plenty of examples and practice problems. Valence Bond Theory: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4UP4LhDhoUE Molecular Orbital Theory: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P21OjJ9lDcs Orbitals, Atomic Energy Levels, & Sublevels Explained! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4sLXUr2HWIs How To Receive Tutoring and Get Paid At The Same Time: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J8A8JTpOWCQ Epic Music Mix: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qeljbZhx9bY Excel For Beginners: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nK-uNYuvcag Here is a list of topics: 1. Atomic Orbitals - S, px, py, and pz orbitals 2. Hybrid Orbitals vs Unhybridized Orbitals 3. Sp, Sp2, and SP3 hybridized Orbitals 4. S character vs P Character 5. Bond Strength of Single Bonds, Double Bonds, and Triple Bonds 6. Bond Length of Triple Bonds and Single Bonds 7. Sigma Bonds vs Pi Bonds 8. More Examples on Structure and Bonding 9. Electron Configuration of Carbon and Valence Bond Theory 10. Electron Configuration of Hybrid Orbitals - sp sp2 and sp3 11. dsp3 and d2sp3 hybridization 12. Hybridization of Lone pairs - Localized vs Delocalized Electrons 13. Hybridization of Lone pairs in resonance structures 14. Sigma and Pi Bonds In Single, Double, and Triple Bonds 15. Sigma Bonds and Overlap of Atomic Orbitals 16. Mixing Atomic Orbitals to form Hybrid Orbitals 17. Unhybridized P orbitals and pi bonding 18. Structure of Ethane With Hybrid Orbitals 19 Ethene or Ethylene Hybridization and Atomic Orbitals 20. Molecular Orbital Theory 21. Structure & Bonding of Ethyne or Acetylene - sigma and pi bonds 22. valence bond theory
sp3 hybridized orbitals and sigma bonds | Structure and bonding | Organic chemistry | Khan Academy
 
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sp3 Hybridized Orbitals and Sigma Bonds. Created by Sal Khan. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/science/organic-chemistry/gen-chem-review/hybrid-orbitals-jay/v/pi-bonds-and-sp2-hybridized-orbitals?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=organicchemistry Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/science/organic-chemistry/gen-chem-review/dot-strcutures-jay/v/dot-structures-ii-multiple-bonds-1?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=organicchemistry Organic Chemistry on Khan Academy: Carbon can form covalent bonds with itself and other elements to create a mind-boggling array of structures. In organic chemistry, we will learn about the reactions chemists use to synthesize crazy carbon based structures, as well as the analytical methods to characterize them. We will also think about how those reactions are occurring on a molecular level with reaction mechanisms. Simply put, organic chemistry is like building with molecular Legos. Let's make some beautiful organic molecules! About Khan Academy: Khan Academy is a nonprofit with a mission to provide a free, world-class education for anyone, anywhere. We believe learners of all ages should have unlimited access to free educational content they can master at their own pace. We use intelligent software, deep data analytics and intuitive user interfaces to help students and teachers around the world. Our resources cover preschool through early college education, including math, biology, chemistry, physics, economics, finance, history, grammar and more. We offer free personalized SAT test prep in partnership with the test developer, the College Board. Khan Academy has been translated into dozens of languages, and 100 million people use our platform worldwide every year. For more information, visit www.khanacademy.org, join us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter at @khanacademy. And remember, you can learn anything. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s Organic Chemistry channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNKPjijOc0WEJ7DIV_Vay3g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 1438969 Khan Academy
Hybridization of Atomic Orbitals Explained - s, sp, sp2, and sp3 - Organic Chemistry
 
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This organic chemistry video tutorial shows you how to determine the hybridization of each carbon atom in a molecule such as s, sp, sp2, or sp3. This video briefly review hybridization of atomic orbitals. This video contains a few examples and practice problems for you to work on. Organic Chemistry Video Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n5vjCqnVb6s&index=1&t=25s&list=PL0o_zxa4K1BU3gxU8RwqkEET2ilZ80Znj Access to Premium Videos: https://www.patreon.com/MathScienceTutor
sp3 Hybridization
 
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Donate here: http://www.aklectures.com/donate.php Website video link: http://www.aklectures.com/lecture/sp3-hybridization Facebook link: https://www.facebook.com/aklectures Website link: http://www.aklectures.com
Views: 13209 AK LECTURES
SP3 HYBRIDIZATION_ PART 01
 
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For more information: http://www.7activestudio.com [email protected] http://www.7activemedical.com/ [email protected] http://www.sciencetuts.com/ [email protected] Contact: +91- 9700061777, 040-64501777 / 65864777 7 Active Technology Solutions Pvt.Ltd. is an educational 3D digital content provider for K-12. We also customise the content as per your requirement for companies platform providers colleges etc . 7 Active driving force "The Joy of Happy Learning" -- is what makes difference from other digital content providers. We consider Student needs, Lecturer needs and College needs in designing the 3D & 2D Animated Video Lectures. We are carrying a huge 3D Digital Library ready to use. Sp3 (or) tetrahedral hybridization: Definition: "The process of intermixing of one s and three p orbitals to give four identical hybrid orbitals is known as sp3 (or) tetrahedral hybridization". Characteristics Sp3 hybridization: In this hybridization four hybrid orbitals are formed. These hybrid orbitals takes the direction of p- orbitals. Each sp3 hybrid orbital possess 25% s-character and 75% p-character. The hybrid orbitals are oriented along the four corners of regular tetrahedron at an angle of 1090281. Hence this hybridization is called tetrahedral hybridization. Sp3 hybrid orbitals are bigger than sp2 and sp hybrid orbitals. Therefore the shape of sp3 hybridization atom is tetrahedral with an angle 1090281. Examples: CH4: Methane C2H6: Ethane NH3: Ammonia H2O: Water Structure of Methane, CH4 (or) Formation of Methane: Consider methane (CH4). The central atom is carbon in this molecule. The atomic number of carbon is 6 and general electronic configuration is 1s2 2s2 2p2, which is ground state electronic configuration of carbon. The excited state electronic configuration of carbon is 2s1 2p3 One 2s electron is promoted to 2pz orbital then electronic configuration of carbon is 1s2 2s12px12py12pz1. The 2s and 2px, 2py, 2pz orbitals of carbon undergoes sp3 hybridization and form four identical hybrid orbitals. These four sp3 hybrid orbitals have one electron each. In methane molecule the four sp3 hybrid orbitals of each carbon atom overlaps axially and separately with 1s orbital of four hydrogen atoms and form four sigma (sp3-s) bonds. The four sp3 hybrid orbitals are directed towards four corners of regular tetrahedral with bond angle 1090 281. Therefore the shape of methane molecule is tetrahedral.
Views: 115107 7activestudio
Hybridization Theory
 
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Including: Chapter 1: Why Hybridization Theory was Developed, Why is it Important to Visualize Atoms within a Molecule in Three-Dimensions. Chapter 2: Review of s and p Atomic Orbitals, How sp3 Carbon Formed, Shape of sp3 Orbitals and Angles, Representation on Blackboard or in Book, Sigma Bonds, Free- Rotation of C-C Sigma Bonds, Conformational Analysis, Energy of Eclipsed and Staggered Conformations, Newman Projections, Dihedral Angles, Barrier of Rotation. Chapter 3: How sp2 Carbon Formed, Shape of sp2 Orbitals and Angles, Representation on Blackboard or in Book, pi Bonds, Electron Density and Geometry of Double Bond, How to Draw Double Bonds in 3-D, Geometric Isomers (E and Z), Isomerization of Geometric Isomers. Chapter 4: How sp Carbon Formed, Shape of sp Orbitals and Angles, Representation on Blackboard or in Book, How to Draw Triple Bonds in 3-D, pi Bonds, Electron Density and Geometry of Triple Bond. Chapter 5: Deducing Hybridization of Atoms, Making the Leap from 2-D to 3-D via Hybridization Theory (Many Examples Worked for the Student), Heteroatom Hybridization, VSEPR, Deviations from Ideal Bond Angles, Nitrogen Inversion. Narration: Gordon W. Gribble, PH.D., Dartmouth College The DVD version is available at https://sponholtzproductions.com/
Views: 4922 SponholtzProductions
sp3 Hybridization and Bond Angles in Organic Chemistry Basics 2
 
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http://leah4sci.com/orgobasics presents: Orgo Basics Video 2 - Hybridization, Bond Angle and Electronic/Molecular Geometry in Organic Chemistry Struggling with Orgo? Grab my free ebook '10 Secrets To Acing Organic Chemistry' http://leah4sci.com/orgo-ebook/ Video 2 in the Orgo Basics series takes you through the logic and steps for creating hybrid orbitals so that simple atoms can form bonds via sp3/sp2/sp hybrids. Also included is a discussion on electronic and molecular geometry. Catch the entire series on my website by visiting: http://leah4sci.com/organic-chemistry-basics-to-build-a-strong-orgo-foundation For more in-depth review including practice problems and explanations, check out my online membership site: http://studyhall.leah4sci.com/join For private online tutoring visit my website: http://leah4sci.com/organic-chemistry-tutor/ Finally, for questions and comments, find me on social media here: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Leah4sci Twitter: https://twitter.com/Leah4Sci Google+ https://plus.google.com/u/0/+LeahFisch Pinterest: http://www.pinterest.com/leah4sci/
Views: 45077 Leah4sci
sp3, sp2, and sp Hybridization
 
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Just some basic information on hybridization i.e., how atomic orbitals combine to form hybrid orbitals.
Views: 1079210 Ben's Chem Videos
Bonds formed by Carbon - CBSE 10
 
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Carbon forms Covalent Bonds with a variety of Elements. But which type of Covalent bond does it form? Is it a Single, a Double or a Triple Covalent Bond? Watch this video to get introduced to the Bond Formations of Carbon. To access all videos related to Chemistry of Carbon compounds for free, visit our website here: https://DontMemorise.com/course/index.php?categoryid=54 Don’t Memorise brings learning to life through its captivating FREE educational videos. To Know More, visit https://DontMemorise.com New videos every week. To stay updated, subscribe to our YouTube channel : http://bit.ly/DontMemoriseYouTube Register on our website to gain access to all videos and quizzes: http://bit.ly/DontMemoriseRegister Subscribe to our Newsletter: http://bit.ly/DontMemoriseNewsLetter Join us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/DontMemoriseFacebook Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/dontmemorise Follow us : http://bit.ly/DontMemoriseBlog
Views: 18881 Don't Memorise
Valence Bond Theory, Hybrid Orbitals, and Molecular Orbital Theory
 
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Attention! This video about molecular orbitals is much better: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I2k61JMk71M Alright, let's be real. Nobody understands molecular orbitals when they first take chemistry. You just pretend you do, and then in your next course you learn them a little better. And then a little better than that. And five years later you sort of understand them. So don't get discouraged! Just watch this for a head start and do your best. To support this channel and keep up on STEM news at the same time, click on the link below and subscribe to this FREE newsletter: http://www.jdoqocy.com/click-9021241-13591026 Subscribe: http://bit.ly/ProfDaveSubscribe [email protected] http://patreon.com/ProfessorDaveExplains http://professordaveexplains.com http://facebook.com/ProfessorDaveExpl... http://twitter.com/DaveExplains General Chemistry Tutorials: http://bit.ly/ProfDaveGenChem Organic Chemistry Tutorials: http://bit.ly/ProfDaveOrgChem Biochemistry Tutorials: http://bit.ly/ProfDaveBiochem Classical Physics Tutorials: http://bit.ly/ProfDavePhysics1 Modern Physics Tutorials: http://bit.ly/ProfDavePhysics2 Mathematics Tutorials: http://bit.ly/ProfDaveMaths Biology Tutorials: http://bit.ly/ProfDaveBio American History Tutorials: http://bit.ly/ProfDaveAmericanHistory
Views: 607733 Professor Dave Explains
Balloons, Hybrid Orbitals and Multiple Bonds
 
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Balloons adopt perfect shapes to illustrate the geometry of hybrid orbitals in carbon compounds and the formation of sigma and pi bonds. This video is part of the Flinn Scientific Best Practices for Teaching Chemistry Video Series, a collection of over 125 hours of free professional development training for chemistry teachers - http://elearning.flinnsci.com ATTENTION: This demonstration is intended for and should only be performed by certified science instructors in a safe laboratory/classroom setting. Be sure to subscribe and check out more videos! Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/channel/FlinnScientific/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/FlinnScientific/ Website: https://www.flinnsci.com/
Views: 91932 FlinnScientific
Sp2 hybridization | Chemical bonds | Chemistry | Khan Academy
 
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Sp2 hybrid orbitals and properties of pi bonds. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/chemical-bonds/copy-of-covalent-bonds/v/sp-hybridization-jay-final?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=chemistry Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/chemical-bonds/copy-of-covalent-bonds/v/steric-number-sp3-hybridization?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=chemistry Chemistry on Khan Academy: Did you know that everything is made out of chemicals? Chemistry is the study of matter: its composition, properties, and reactivity. This material roughly covers a first-year high school or college course, and a good understanding of algebra is helpful. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s Chemistry channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCyEot66LrwWFEMONvrIBh3A?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Hybridization Theory_OLD
 
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Contents: Chapter 1: Why Hybridization Theory was Developed, Why is it Important to Visualize Atoms within a Molecule in Three-Dimensions. Chapter 2: Review of s and p Atomic Orbitals, How sp3 Carbon Formed, Shape of sp3 Orbitals and Angles, Representation on Blackboard or in Book, Sigma Bonds, Free- Rotation of C-C Sigma Bonds, Conformational Analysis, Energy of Eclipsed and Staggered Conformations, Newman Projections, Dihedral Angles, Barrier of Rotation. Narration: Gordon W. Gribble, PH.D., Dartmouth College Full DVD available at https://sponholtzproductions.com/ Including: Chapter 3: How sp2 Carbon Formed, Shape of sp2 Orbitals and Angles, Representation on Blackboard or in Book, pi Bonds, Electron Density and Geometry of Double Bond, How to Draw Double Bonds in 3-D, Geometric Isomers (E and Z), Isomerization of Geometric Isomers. Chapter 4: How sp Carbon Formed, Shape of sp Orbitals and Angles, Representation on Blackboard or in Book, How to Draw Triple Bonds in 3-D, pi Bonds, Electron Density and Geometry of Triple Bond. Chapter 5: Deducing Hybridization of Atoms, Making the Leap from 2-D to 3-D via Hybridization Theory (Many Examples Worked for the Student), Heteroatom Hybridization, VSEPR, Deviations from Ideal Bond Angles, Nitrogen Inversion.
Views: 340854 SponholtzProductions
How to Identify the hybridization of Carbon Atoms?
 
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We learn through several examples how to easily identify the hybridization of carbon atoms in a molecule.
Views: 28495 Busting JEE Main
Biochemistry 1.1: Geometry of carbon bonds
 
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Tetrahedral and trigonal planar bond geometries, conformation and rotation.
Views: 8934 biochemistry rocks
Sigma and Pi Bonds: Hybridization Explained!
 
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Sigma bonds are the FIRST bonds to be made between two atoms. They are made from hybridized orbitals. Pi bonds are the SECOND and THIRD bonds to be made. They are made from leftover "p" orbitals. Check me out: http://www.chemistnate.com
Views: 1363223 chemistNATE
sp3, sp2, sp Hybridization and Bond Angles - Organic Chemistry Made Simple
 
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In this video we talk about the concept of hybridization and practice with example problems that may appear on your exams. EDIT: Mistake on my part, Carbon Monoxide should have a triple bond. ANSWER: Oxygen in H2O is sp3 hybridized. 2 lone pairs + 2 atoms
Views: 90504 Ferdous Nipu
Hybrid Orbitals explained - Valence Bond Theory | Crash Chemistry Academy
 
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This video looks at hybridization of carbon's valence orbitals in a bond, including single, double, and triple bonds. Explained are orbital overlap, sigma and pi bonds, and hybrid orbitals in carbon (methane, ethene, ethyne), nitrogen (ammonia) and in oxygen (water). A crash course tutorial on hybrid orbitals, hybridization, valence bond theory, single, double and triple bonds explained. CC Academy videos are easy 101 crash course tutorials for step by step Chemistry help on your chemistry homework, problems, and experiments. Check out our best lessons: - Solution Stoichiometry Tutorial: How to use Molarity - Stoichiometry - Quantum Numbers - Rutherford's Gold Foil Experiment, Explained - Covalent Bonding Tutorial: Covalent vs. Ionic bonds - Metallic Bonding and Metallic Properties Explained: Electron Sea Model - Effective Nuclear Charge, Shielding, and Periodic Properties - Electron Configuration Tutorial + How to Derive Configurations from Periodic Table - Orbitals, the Basics: Atomic Orbital Tutorial — probability, shapes, energy - Metric Prefix Conversions Tutorial - Gas Law Practice Problems: Boyle's Law, Charles Law, Gay Lussac's, Combined Gas Law --- More on Atomic Orbitals -- Wikipedia "In chemistry, hybridisation (or hybridization) is the concept of mixing atomic orbitals into new hybrid orbitals (with different energies, shapes, etc., than the component atomic orbitals) suitable for the pairing of electrons to form chemical bonds in valence bond theory. Hybrid orbitals are very useful in the explanation of molecular geometry and atomic bonding properties. Chemist Linus Pauling first developed the hybridisation theory in 1931 in order to explain the structure of simple molecules such as methane (CH4) using atomic orbitals.[2] Pauling pointed out that a carbon atom forms four bonds by using one s and three p orbitals, so that "it might be inferred" that a carbon atom would form three bonds at right angles (using p orbitals) and a fourth weaker bond using the s orbital in some arbitrary direction. In reality however, methane has four bonds of equivalent strength separated by the tetrahedral bond angle of 109.5°. Pauling explained this by supposing that in the presence of four hydrogen atoms, the s and p orbitals form four equivalent combinations or hybrid orbitals, each denoted by sp3 to indicate its composition, which are directed along the four C-H bonds.[3] This concept was developed for such simple chemical systems, but the approach was later applied more widely, and today it is considered an effective heuristic for rationalising the structures of organic compounds. It gives a simple orbital picture equivalent to Lewis structures. Hybridisation theory finds its use mainly in organic chemistry.Hybrid orbitals are assumed to be mixtures of atomic orbitals, superimposed on each other in various proportions. For example, in methane, the C hybrid orbital which forms each carbon–hydrogen bond consists of 25% s character and 75% p character and is thus described as sp3 (read as s-p-three) hybridised. Quantum mechanics describes this hybrid as an sp3 wavefunction of the form N(s + √3pσ), where N is a normalisation constant (here 1/2) and pσ is a p orbital directed along the C-H axis to form a sigma bond. The ratio of coefficients (denoted λ in general) is √3 in this example. Since the electron density associated with an orbital is proportional to the square of the wavefunction, the ratio of p-character to s-character is λ2 = 3. The p character or the weight of the p component is N2λ2 = 3/4. The amount of p character or s character, which is decided mainly by orbital hybridisation, can be used to reliably predict molecular properties such as acidity or basicity." Wikipedia contributors. "Hybrid orbital." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 4 May. 2017. Web. 4 May. 2017.
Views: 180382 Crash Chemistry Academy
How carbon bonds in alkanes, alkenes and benzene.
 
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This video takes a fairly in-depth look at the formation of sigma and pi bonds in carbon compounds. It addresses both sp3 and sp2 hybridisation, using them to explain the shapes and stabilities of the molecules involved: methane, ethene and benzene.
Views: 8592 FranklyChemistry
Determining Sp3 Sp2 Sp Hybridization Made Easy! - Organic Chemistry
 
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Check out how we identify if an atom is Sp3 Sp2 or Sp Hybridized! Me and Lynden walkthrough 2 problems for you guys in this video that are actual problems from Boston University! ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ●●● A HUGE special thanks to all my Patrons on Patreon for helping support this channel and keeping all these videos free! Special shout outs to: 1). Karen Hung (Staten Island, NY - Boston University Class of 2014 - Alum) 2). Professor Chip Celenza (Boston, MA - Boston University - Biology / Genetics Professor) 3). Safiya Nur (Silver Springs, MD - Former Montgomery College/UMaryland College Park Student | Current Orgo Made Easy Tutor!) ●●● Interested in joining them and helping support these videos? Check out ------------}(https://www.Patreon.com/OrgoMadeEasy) you can help by pitching in as little as 1$ a month! Thank you again even just for watching! ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ● See Leah in this video too! 7 Must Know Resources for Organic Chemistry! (Welcome Part 2) - (https://youtu.be/1QkGxQCI1es) ● Problem of The Day (POTD) Series' Playlist - (https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLP0TLbeMObSwFMB2RgqfszvQMkT0sMWyd) ● Organic Chemistry I Playlist - http://goo.gl/nYzkkA ● Organic Chemistry II Playlist - http://goo.gl/vt36TB goo.gl/W3OYgW ● Physics Made Easy Playlist - http://goo.gl/W3OYgW ● Concepts covered/related: Reduction of Alkynes + H2 aka Hydrogenation / Lindlar | Halohydrin Formation w/ Cl2 + H20 | Epoxidation from Halohydrin | | Grignard Opening of Epoxide | Acidification after Grignard | Oxidation of Secondary Alcohols to Ketones | Wittig Reaction w/ E and Z Alkene Products| Phosphonium Ylide | Leaving Group | Nucleophiles ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ● We Are Orgo Made Easy! (Welcome Part 1) - (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_5b0ugnM3Uw) ● 7 Must Know Resources for Organic Chemistry! (Welcome Part 2) - (https://youtu.be/1QkGxQCI1es) http://OrgoMadeEasy.org/extra-resources/ ● Orgo Made Easy Instagram | Problems of The Day! - https://youtu.be/cnIW9EOEIBI ● Become a Patron + Free Private Tutoring Lottery! http://www.Patreon.com/OrgoMadeEasy (In-Person or Skype!) ● Private Tutoring Information: I offer In-Person Private Tutoring in Boston and NYC, and if you live elsewhere on this awesome planet I offer online SKYPE tutoring that is accompanied with a whiteboard program, videos, images, and more! For more info check here: http://orgomadeeasy.org/private-tutoring/ and contact me via my "Orgo Made Easy" Facebook page or email: [email protected] Make sure you share this with your friends if you found it helpful, and I would love it if you leave some comments to let me know if I'm on the right track ;). ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subscribe to get updated when I make new videos! https://www.youtube.com/user/OrgoMadeEasy/about?sub_confirmation=1 Connect with me on Facebook/Instagram/Twitter! Facebook-------------------------------https://Facebook.com/OrgoMadeEasy Instagram-------------------------------http://Instagram.com/OrgoMadeEasy Instagram-------------------------------http://Instagram.com/FrankMWong Official Website-----------------------http://OrgoMadeEasy.org/ Help Support Me Here--------------http://www.Patreon.com/OrgoMadeEasy Private Tutoring-----------------------http://OrgoMadeEasy.org/private-tutoring/ Tweet Tweet---------------------------https://Twitter.com/OrgoMadeEasy
Views: 16077 Frank Wong
Hybridization in organic chemistry| Simple lecture | hybridization of carbon
 
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Please watch: "Hybridization Definition in Chemistry|| wikipedia" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7akFkDeSWLk -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Hybridization in organic chemistry| Simple lecture | hybridization of carbon
Views: 440570 Useful Vidz
Pi bonds and sp2 hybridized orbitals | Structure and bonding | Organic chemistry | Khan Academy
 
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Pi bonds and sp2 Hybridized Orbitals. Created by Sal Khan. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/science/organic-chemistry/gen-chem-review/hybrid-orbitals-jay/v/sp3-hybrid-orbital-jay-final?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=organicchemistry Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/science/organic-chemistry/gen-chem-review/hybrid-orbitals-jay/v/sp3-hybridized-orbitals-and-sigma-bonds?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=organicchemistry Organic Chemistry on Khan Academy: Carbon can form covalent bonds with itself and other elements to create a mind-boggling array of structures. In organic chemistry, we will learn about the reactions chemists use to synthesize crazy carbon based structures, as well as the analytical methods to characterize them. We will also think about how those reactions are occurring on a molecular level with reaction mechanisms. Simply put, organic chemistry is like building with molecular Legos. Let's make some beautiful organic molecules! About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s Organic Chemistry channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNKPjijOc0WEJ7DIV_Vay3g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 897369 Khan Academy
Orbital Hybridization, Sigma and Pi Bonds, SP3
 
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Orbital Hybridization, Sigma and Pi Bonds. Mr. Causey shows you step by step how sp3 orbital hybridization can occur with the Valence Bond Theory and how it explains some things that the VSEPR theory cannot. http://www.yourChemcoach.com SUBSCRIBE for more chemistry videos: http://bit.ly/1jeutVl ABOUT MR. CAUSEY'S VIDEO ACADEMY Mr. Causey's Video Academy is an educational video series of short video lessons for chemistry, algebra and physics. You can get lessons on a variety of topics or homework helpers that show you how to solve certain problems. There are over 100 videos to choose from. CONTACT ME: [email protected] FOLLOW ME: http://www.twitter.com/#!/mrcausey http://pinterest.com/mistercausey/ http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?i... https://plus.google.com/u/0/111105504... RESOURCES Polyatomic Ion Cheat Sheet: http://bit.ly/14e2pbw Periodic Table: http://bit.ly/ptable9 RELATED VIDEOS: Phosphorus Hybridization: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e9-eh... Oxygen Hybridization: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h0zVf... Valence Electrons: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ov2ZHo... Octet Rule and Oxidation: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hSNwds... Chemical Bonding https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KjoQH... Molecular Geometry http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-pq2wu...
Views: 73407 Mr. Causey
Hybridization of Atomic Orbitals, Sigma and Pi Bonds, Sp, Sp2 & Sp3 - Chemical bonding
 
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In chemistry, orbital hybridisation (or hybridization) is the concept of mixing atomic orbitals into new hybrid orbitals (with different energies, shapes, etc., than the component atomic orbitals) suitable for the pairing of electrons to form chemical bonds in valence bond theory. Hybrid orbitals are very useful in the explanation of molecular geometry and atomic bonding properties. Although sometimes taught together with the valence shell electron-pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory, valence bond and hybridisation are in fact not related to the VSEPR model. Hybridisation describes the bonding atoms from an atom's point of view. For a tetrahedrally coordinated carbon (e.g., methane CH4), the carbon should have 4 orbitals with the correct symmetry to bond to the 4 hydrogen atoms. Carbon's ground state configuration is 1s2 2s2 2p2 or more easily read: C ↑↓ ↑↓ ↑ ↑ 1s 2s 2p 2p 2p The carbon atom can use its two singly occupied p-type orbitals, to form two covalent bonds with two hydrogen atoms, yielding the singlet methylene CH2, the simplest carbene. The carbon atom can also bond to four hydrogen atoms by an excitation of an electron from the doubly occupied 2s orbital to the empty 2p orbital, producing four singly occupied orbitals. C* ↑↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ 1s 2s 2p 2p 2p The energy released by formation of two additional bonds more than compensates for the excitation energy required, energetically favouring the formation of four C-H bonds. Quantum mechanically, the lowest energy is obtained if the four bonds are equivalent, which requires that they are formed from equivalent orbitals on the carbon. A set of four equivalent orbitals can be obtained that are linear combinations of the valence-shell (core orbitals are almost never involved in bonding) s and p wave functions,which are the four sp3 hybrids. C* ↑↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ 1s sp3 sp3 sp3 sp3 In CH4, four sp3 hybrid orbitals are overlapped by hydrogen 1s orbitals, yielding four σ (sigma) bonds (that is, four single covalent bonds) of equal length and strength. Other carbon compounds and other molecules may be explained in a similar way. For example, ethene (C2H4) has a double bond between the carbons. For this molecule, carbon sp2 hybridises, because one π (pi) bond is required for the double bond between the carbons and only three σ bonds are formed per carbon atom. In sp2 hybridisation the 2s orbital is mixed with only two of the three available 2p orbitals, C* ↑↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ 1s sp2 sp2 sp2 2p forming a total of three sp2 orbitals with one remaining p orbital. In ethylene (ethene) the two carbon atoms form a σ bond by overlapping two sp2 orbitals and each carbon atom forms two covalent bonds with hydrogen by s–sp2 overlap all with 120° angles. The π bond between the carbon atoms perpendicular to the molecular plane is formed by 2p–2p overlap. The hydrogen–carbon bonds are all of equal strength and length, in agreement with experimental data. The chemical bonding in compounds such as alkynes with triple bonds is explained by sp hybridisation. In this model, the 2s orbital is mixed with only one of the three p orbitals, C* ↑↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ 1s sp sp 2p 2p resulting in two sp orbitals and two remaining p orbitals. The chemical bonding in acetylene (ethyne) (C2H2) consists of sp–sp overlap between the two carbon atoms forming a σ bond and two additional π bonds formed by p–p overlap. Each carbon also bonds to hydrogen in a σ s–sp overlap at 180° angles.
Views: 366 Abdullah SanaUllah
Hybridisation / Hybridization (sp, sp2, sp3) Chemical Bonding A level H2 JC Chemistry Tuition Centre
 
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Top A level H2 JC Chemistry Tuition Centre in Singapore (https://jc-chemistry.com.sg) Unit: Organic Chemistry Topic: Introductory Topics_Hybridisation Pre-requisite Knowledge Students should already possess the content knowledge of - the shapes of s and p orbitals (Atomic Structure) - covalent bonding in terms of orbital overlap, giving sigma and pi bonds (Chemical Bonding) - the limitations of VSEPR theory and hence the need for the hybridization theory (Chemical Bonding) Learning Objectives At the end of this learning package, students should be able to (i) describe the 3 forms of hybridisation (sp3, sp2, sp) in methane, benzene and beryllium chloride using hybridisation theory. (ii) apply the hybridization theory to explain the shapes and bond angles of molecules. References www.mhhe.com/physsci/chemistry/essentialchemistry/flash/hybrv18.swf www.youtube.com/watch?v=FfngYhl7ZmI www.youtube.com/watch?v=g1fGXDRxS6k&feature=related www.youtube.com/watch?v=1XgamPXNYXw&feature=related www.youtube.com/watch?v=-EFEfVDUp6M www.youtube.com/watch?v=H5gRGcguId8
Learn bond length of sp, sp2, sp3 hybridized carbon..... General organic chemistry.... Class_11....
 
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This video will help you to learn bond length of sp, sp2, sp3 hybridized carbon.
Views: 9 aasaan hai
What is the hybridization of each atom in this molecule?
 
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More free chemistry help videos: http://www.nathanoldridge.com/chemistry-videos.html This is the easiest way to figure out how each atom's orbitals are hybridized.
Views: 204238 chemistNATE
Sp hybridization | Chemical bonds | Chemistry | Khan Academy
 
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Sp hybrid orbitals and properties of triple bonds. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/chemical-bonds/copy-of-covalent-bonds/v/organic-hybridization-practice?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=chemistry Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/chemical-bonds/copy-of-covalent-bonds/v/sp2-hybridization-jay-final?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=chemistry Chemistry on Khan Academy: Did you know that everything is made out of chemicals? Chemistry is the study of matter: its composition, properties, and reactivity. This material roughly covers a first-year high school or college course, and a good understanding of algebra is helpful. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s Chemistry channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCyEot66LrwWFEMONvrIBh3A?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
SP3 Hybridisation of NH3 & H2O | chemical bonding | CBSE Class 11 Chemistry
 
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This topic explains the sp3 hybridisation of ammonia and water molecule along with shape, bond angle, s and p character.. PLAYLISTS SOLID STATE THEORY- http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9nSaEI0m9rcKMSbPbOC8EuCaThImu9WL NUMERICALS- SOLID STATE NUMERICALS: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9nSaEI0m9rdPccX8B3firE96NlU2eXH8 ALCOHOLS, PHENOLS & ETHERS THEORY- http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9nSaEI0m9rcdYXw0tHAMJltOc839zJnJ BOARD QUESTIONS- http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9nSaEI0m9reySNZ9IMK9rdM078xrmO-V BIOMOLECULES THEORY- http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9nSaEI0m9rdbEK5JO8rsEJXFeqcVar5d CHEMICAL BONDING THEORY- http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9nSaEI0m9rdiDZK6DAbauTO37BdvtcjL P BLOCK ELEMENTS THEORY https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9nSaEI0m9re3MiN9WS-QiZb0RwtBbGpk . Chemical Kinetics https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9nSaEI0m9ree5khdZPSXL7X4wXtutA-l . Chemical Kinetics https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9nSaEI0m9ree5khdZPSXL7X4wXtutA-l . Board questions- Chemical kinetics https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9nSaEI0m9rfcsCcGKXbJ-trJ9mNwORfo . General processes & Isolation of elements| class 12 | CBSE CHEMISTRY https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9nSaEI0m9rdtMlKz6lqzREEUW7JiU8bD Board Papers|Principles & Isolation of elements | class 12 https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9nSaEI0m9rfcIeHe7TEVHBcxfhv3Bqbd D, F block elements|Cbse Chemistry|Grade 12 https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9nSaEI0m9rcmk7i07QCL2dz-5M5EFSOx . Board Papers|Aldehyde , ketones & Acids|Cbse Chemistry grade 12| https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9nSaEI0m9rcDUAQzrSnsEgD3BHlhkraH General processes & Isolation of elements| class 12 | https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9nSaEI0m9rdtMlKz6lqzREEUW7JiU8bD Board Papers|Principles &Isolation of elements https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9nSaEI0m9rfcIeHe7TEVHBcxfhv3Bqbd d,f block elements|Cbse Chemistry|Grade 12 https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9nSaEI0m9rcmk7i07QCL2dz-5M5EFSOx Board papers| d,f block elements https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9nSaEI0m9ren1LoDlqFxMB5jT66LllZ6 Amines|Unit 13|cbse chemistry |grade 12 https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9nSaEI0m9rdGpBbYB1CyKHYmwctfyBkM Board Papers|Amines|Cbse grade 12 chemistry https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9nSaEI0m9rfriQjb3RoVHKQhaOC7PZGz Solutions|class 12 |unit 2 |cbse chemistry https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9nSaEI0m9rfcukoGRb3Ia6l_n68wvpYm HALOALKANES & HALOARENES Theory + Questions -https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9nSaEI0m9rd2ImeYdrKsDqqruJO_9ISt Also visit my other channels Vani Vlogs https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC540A56VtusxqnMkwx3biNg?&ab_channel=VaniVlogs Rishika Felicity https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCzMy-C4v2rgfRe1SFNWnARQ?&ab_channel=Rishikafelicity
Structure of Diamond and Graphite, Properties - Basic Introduction
 
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This chemistry video tutorial provides a basic introduction into the structure of diamond and graphite. Diamond has a tetrahedral geometry around each carbon atom with an sp3 hybridization. Graphite has a trigonal planar geometry around each carbon atom with an sp2 hybridization. Graphite conducts electricity due to the electron delocalization of its pi electrons where as diamond as an electrical insulator due to its localized valence electrons; however, diamond is excellent conductor of heat. Diamond is colorless and graphite is black. Diamond is hard due to its strong network covalent bonds where as graphite is slippery due to the weak interactions between the 2D layers within the structure of graphite. New Chemistry Video Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bka20Q9TN6M&t=25s&list=PL0o_zxa4K1BWziAvOKdqsMFSB_MyyLAqS&index=1 Access to Premium Videos: https://www.patreon.com/MathScienceTutor Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/MathScienceTutoring/
Sp3, Sp2, Sp Hybridization, Orbitals & Valence Bond Theory | Lesson 1.4 | Course Krackers
 
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This lesson focuses on Valence Bond Theory, Atomic Orbitals & Hybridization. The material covered in this Organic Chemistry lesson includes the following: 1. Sp3, Sp2, Sp Hybridization 2. Atomic Orbitals 3. Valence Bond Theory For a more in-depth look into electronic configuration, please review the "General Chemistry Videos" where we look at topics such as Hund's Rule and the Pauli Exclusion Principles. Those topics are reviewed under Quantum mechanics. This lesson is part of a particular playlist and has subsequent lessons. Help us spread our love for teaching at Course Krackers to students learning calculus everywhere. For a brief review of basic Lewis structure rules, see the following video: https://youtu.be/edPsCNmDdis A. Who is this course for? This Organic Chemistry I course is suitable for university, college and senior high school students. Most of the material covered in this Introductory Organic Chemistry course is covered in the first semester of university or college at most academic institutions around the world. These lessons are also perfect for senior high school students who wish to have advanced preparation before attending university or college. Names for similar courses to this one would be: Organic Chemistry I, Introductory Organic Chemistry, Organic Chemistry for Life Sciences or Health Sciences, Pre-medical Organic Chemistry B. Background required? How to use Course Kracker? We have assumed a basic background level in this course. You will notice that any topics not included here can be found in other playlists, once they are created, on our YouTube Course Kracker channel. It is very important to browse through the independent playlists for more advanced or basic topics to improve your background knowledge for this course. Subscribe to Course Krackers Here: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCJOFaiLdNpgKtO8yod2lXOA Follow us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/CourseKrackers/ Check out our other Organic Chemistry videos: 1. Lewis Structure | Organic Chemistry I | Lesson 1.1 | Course Krackers | 2018 https://youtu.be/edPsCNmDdis 2. Formal Charges & Lewis Structures | Organic Chemistry | Lesson 1.2 | Course Krackers | 2018 https://youtu.be/BmDwf8T29JM 3. Complex Lewis Structures (H2SO4) | Organic Chemistry | Lesson 1.3 | Course Krackers | 2018 https://youtu.be/Liwr3t4sW5g About Course Krackers Our mission at Course Krackers is to deliver: 1. Education for All 2. Knowledge taught in Clear, Concise and Practical manner 3. Quality & Depth over Quantity & Superficial 4. Learning should be fun We focus on all aspects of the education experience “Knowledge, Application & Problem Solving” Each video series is designed to empower students with not only knowledge but skills required to achieve their full potential in that particular subject. We don’t just cover material superficially but go the whole 10 yards with depth and understanding. Our tutorials videos range from University, High School and Elementary courses. We also present unique perspectives on different subject matters such as Science, Medicine, History & Business. Some education DIY and fun stuff! In addition, we will be covering topics from different entrance exams like the SAT, EQAO, MCAT, PCAT, DAT and much more! Aye aye, Captain Krackers & The Course Krackers Team
Views: 911 Course Krackers
Valence Bond Theory & Hybrid Atomic Orbitals
 
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This organic chemistry video tutorial provides a basic introduction into valence bond theory and hybrid atomic orbitals. It explains how to find the hybridization of carbon atom such as sp, sp2, and sp3. it also explains how to describe the orbitals that overlap to form a covalent bond. In addition, it explains how to determine the number of sigma and pi bonds in a molecule. Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCEWpbFLzoYGPfuWUMFPSaoA?sub_confirmation=1 Access to Premium Videos: https://www.patreon.com/MathScienceTutor https://www.facebook.com/MathScienceTutoring/ New Organic Chemistry Playlist https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6unef5Hz6SU&index=1&list=PL0o_zxa4K1BXP7TUO7656wg0uF1xYnwgm&t=0s
How to do bond rotations in organic chemistry
 
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How to do bond rotations in organic chemistry using the "steering wheel" analogy. From MasterOrganicChemistry.com [http://masterorganicchemistry.com]
Structure Of Diamond And Graphite
 
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Structure of Diamond and Graphite The structure of diamond Carbon has an electronic arrangement of 2,4. In diamond, each carbon shares electrons with four other carbon atoms - forming four single bonds. In the diagram some carbon atoms only seem to be forming two bonds (or even one bond), but that's not really the case. We are only showing a small bit of the whole structure. This is a giant covalent structure - it continues on and on in three dimensions. It is not a molecule, because the number of atoms joined up in a real diamond is completely variable - depending on the size of the crystal The structure of Graphite :Graphite has a layer structure which is quite difficult to draw convincingly in three dimensions. The diagram below shows the arrangement of the atoms in each layer, and the way the layers are spaced. Notice that you can't really draw the side view of the layers to the same scale as the atoms in the layer without one or other part of the diagram being either very spread out or very squashed. In that case, it is important to give some idea of the distances involved. The distance between the layers is about 2.5 times the distance between the atoms within each layer. The layers, of course, extend over huge numbers of atoms - not just the few shown above. You might argue that carbon has to form 4 bonds because of its 4 unpaired electrons, whereas in this diagram it only seems to be forming 3 bonds to the neighbouring carbons. This diagram is something of a simplification, and shows the arrangement of atoms rather than the bonding. Checkout for more information: http://www.tutorvista.com/science-help Follow us at: https://www.facebook.com/tutorvista https://twitter.com/TutorVista
Views: 257467 TutorVista
Bond Strength and Bond Length
 
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This organic chemistry video tutorial provides a basic introduction into bond strength and bond length of single bonds, double bonds, and triple bonds. It also discusses the relative strength of sigma bonds and pi bonds. Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCEWpbFLzoYGPfuWUMFPSaoA?sub_confirmation=1 Access to Premium Videos: https://www.patreon.com/MathScienceTutor https://www.facebook.com/MathScienceTutoring/ New Organic Chemistry Playlist https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6unef5Hz6SU&index=1&list=PL0o_zxa4K1BXP7TUO7656wg0uF1xYnwgm&t=0s
Chemical Bonding for A'Levels : Part 5 : Carbon's sp3 Hybridization
 
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In this lecture, we discuss the hybridization of carbon, which is the mixing of atomic orbitals to form new hybrid orbitals which are more convenient for pairing of electrons in chemical bonding. In this lecture we discuss the sp3 hybrization of carbon. To View Fahad's Academy Youtube Channel, Visit: https://www.youtube.com/fahadsacademy... For more Lecturers and Courses, Visit Our Site: http://www.fahadsacademy.com For Tutoring Queries, Fahad's Academy Offers the Best Subject Specialist for Online Classes in Math, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Economics, etc Email: [email protected] Telephone: (00) 92 323 5094443
Views: 205 Mega Lecture
How to find hybridization of Carbon atoms ( Hindi )
 
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We learn how to identify the hybridization of carbon atoms, and then apply the same concept to different problems.
Views: 165092 Busting JEE Main
STD 11 (Chemistry) - Hybridization in organic compounds
 
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This animation analyses and interprets the sp³ hybridization in carbon, taking ethane as the reference example.
SP2 Hybridization
 
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For more information: http://www.7activestudio.com [email protected] http://www.7activemedical.com/ [email protected] http://www.sciencetuts.com/ [email protected] Contact: +91- 9700061777, 040-64501777 / 65864777 7 Active Technology Solutions Pvt.Ltd. is an educational 3D digital content provider for K-12. We also customise the content as per your requirement for companies platform providers colleges etc . 7 Active driving force "The Joy of Happy Learning" -- is what makes difference from other digital content providers. We consider Student needs, Lecturer needs and College needs in designing the 3D & 2D Animated Video Lectures. We are carrying a huge 3D Digital Library ready to use. SP2 hybridization:Definition: "The process of intermixing of one S and two P orbitals to give three identical hybrid orbitals is known as Sp2 or trigonal hybridization". Characteristics Trigonal hybridization:In this hybridization three hybrid orbitals are formed.These hybrid orbitals takes the direction of p-orbitals.Each sp2 hybrid orbitals possess 33.31% of s-character and 66.7% p-character.The hybrid orbitals oriented along the three corners of regular triangle at an angle of 1200. Hence this hybridization is called trigonal hybridization.SP2 hybird orbital is slightly smaller in size than the sp3 hybrid orbital. Therefore the shape of sp2 hybridized atom is trigonal planar with bond angle of 1200.Examples:-BCl3: Boron trichloride BF3: Boron trifluoride. C2H4: Ethylene C6H6: Benzene SO2: Sulphur dioxide.Structure of Boron trichloride Bcl3:Consider Boron trichloride, BCl3.Boron Atom: The central atom in boron trichloride is Boron B.The atomic number of boron is 5.The general electronic configuration is 1s22s22p1 The ground state electronic configuration of is 2s2 2p1.The excited state electronic configuration of Boron is 2s1 2p2.One electron is promoted from 2s to 2py level, then electronic configuration is 1s2 2s12px12py1.The 2s to 2px & 2py orbital undergoes sp2 hybridization and form three sp2 hybrid orbitals. The three sp2 hybrid orbitals possess one electron each.Chlorine Atom: The atomic number of Chlorine is 17. The general electronic configuration is 1s2 2s22p6 3s23p5, which is the ground state electronic configuration.Pz orbital is having unpaired electron. The three hybrid orbitals of boron form three sigma bonds with 3pz orbital of three chlorine atoms and oriented along the three corners of regular triangle at an angle of 1200. Therefore the molecule gets trigonal planar with bond angle of 1200. Hence three sigma sp2-pz bonds are having pair of electrons.
Views: 141937 7activestudio
UNDERSTANDING HYBRIDIZATION OF ATOMIC ORBITALS sp , sp2 & sp3 | HYBRID ORBITALS CLASS 11 CHEMISTRY
 
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HEY GUYS DO NOT FORGET TO LIKE & SUBSCRIBE MY CHANNEL LINK BELOW: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCx3U_VSvrZALGioz9m1qMZw?view_as=subscriber Check out videos by clicking below- #digitalkemistry hello, friends this video will help you in understanding the basic concept of Hybridization, types of hybridization(sp3,sp2, and sp hybridization), examples of hybridization, shapes of molecules and bond angles. Discuss the formula to determine the type of hybridization. my another video is on hybridization in molecules with a lone pair of electrons plz must watch it : https://www.youtube.com/edit?o=U&video_id=4DltY8QkwzI In chemistry, hybridization (or hybridization) is the concept of mixing atomic orbitals into new hybrid orbitals (with different energies, shapes, etc., then the component atomic orbitals) suitable for the pairing of electrons to form chemical bonds in valence bond theory. Hybrid orbitals are very useful in the explanation of molecular geometry and atomic bonding properties. The amount of p character or s character, which is decided mainly by orbital hybridization, can be used to reliably predict molecular properties such as acidity or basicity." This organic chemistry video tutorial explains the hybridization of atomic orbitals. It discusses how to determine the number of sigma and pi bonds in a molecule as well as determining if a carbon is sp, sp2, or sp3 hybridized. This video contains plenty of examples and practice problems. Here is a list of topics: 1. Atomic Orbitals - S, px, py, and pz orbitals 2. Hybrid Orbitals vs Unhybridized Orbitals 3. Sp, Sp2, and SP3 hybridized Orbitals 4. S character vs P Character 5. Bond Strength of Single Bonds, Double Bonds, and Triple Bonds 6. Bond Length of Triple Bonds and Single Bonds 7. Sigma Bonds vs Pi Bonds 8. More Examples on Structure and Bonding 9. Electron Configuration of Carbon and Valence Bond Theory 10. Electron Configuration of Hybrid Orbitals - sp sp2 and sp3 11. dsp3 and d2sp3 hybridization 12. Hybridization of Lone pairs - Localized vs Delocalized Electrons 13. Hybridization of Lone pairs in resonance structures 14. Sigma and Pi Bonds In Single, Double, and Triple Bonds 15. Sigma Bonds and Overlap of Atomic Orbitals 16. Mixing Atomic Orbitals to form Hybrid Orbitals 17. Unhybridized P orbitals and pi bonding 18. Structure of Ethane With Hybrid Orbitals 19 Ethene or Ethylene Hybridization and Atomic Orbitals 20. Molecular Orbital Theory 21. Structure & Bonding of Ethyne or Acetylene - sigma and pi bonds 22. valence bond theory
Views: 885 Digital Kemistry
Sigma and Pi Bonds Explained, Basic Introduction, Chemistry
 
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This chemistry video tutorial provides a basic introduction into sigma and pi bonds. It explains how to calculate the number of sigma and pi bonds in a molecule given its lewis structure. It contains plenty of examples and practice problems. New Chemistry Video Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bka20Q9TN6M&t=25s&list=PL0o_zxa4K1BWziAvOKdqsMFSB_MyyLAqS&index=1 Access to Premium Videos: https://www.patreon.com/MathScienceTutor Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/MathScienceTutoring/
Hybridization of Atomic Orbitals, Sigma and Pi Bonds, Sp Sp2 Sp3, Organic Chemistry, Bonding   YouTu
 
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Hybridization of Atomic Orbitals, Sigma and Pi Bonds, Sp Sp2 Sp3, Organic Chemistry, Bonding YouTu
Views: 39 MIKIVIDS
Orbitals: Crash Course Chemistry #25
 
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In this episode of Crash Course Chemistry, Hank discusses what Molecules actually look like and why, some quantum-mechanical three dimensional wave functions are explored, he touches on hybridization, and delves into sigma and pi bonds. -- Table of Contents Molecules: Clumpy Globs... 0:18 Quantum-Mechanical Three-Dimensional Wave Functions 3:06 S & P Orbital Hybridization 5:27 Sigma & Pi Bonds 7:32 Hybridized Orbitals 5:52 -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
Views: 1905456 CrashCourse
How to  Chemical Bonding Sp3 Hybridisation Formation of CH4
 
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For JEE (Main) and JEE(advanced)
Views: 3519 GuruprakashAcademy
Organic Chemistry 1 - Lesson 2 - Carbon Hybridization
 
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This organic chemistry lesson includes learning to determine the hybridization of a carbon atom. Hybridization helps explain bonding theory and in particular, why carbon can form 4 bonds creating diverse structures.
Views: 23584 ChemComplete
11C0408 CHEMICAL BONDING AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE Hybridisation / Hybridization (sp, sp2, sp3) ✅
 
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https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=pcv135 Please click on like button 👍 for support our video. P C VERMA Please Click to link below for View all Playlist of our Channel at https://www.youtube.com/user/pcv135/playlists Please Click to link below for View all Playlist of our Channel at https://www.youtube.com/user/pcv135/playlists #EDUCATION, #ONLINE, #LECTURE, #STUDY, #TIPS, #TOPPER, #ONLINESTUDY, #VIDEOLECTURE, #PHYSICS, #MATHEMATICS, #ENGLISH, #BIOLOGY, #COMPUTER, #SCIENCE, #CHEMISTRY, #SCIENTIST, #ONLINEEDUCATION, #SUBSCRIBE, #TUTORIALS, #CLASSLECTURE, #REALCLASS, #CLASSROOM, #BESTLECTURE, #BESTTEACHER, #BESTPROFESSOR, #STUDYFROMHOME, #ENGLISHGRAMMAR, #HINDI, #BANKING, #UPSC, #APTITUDE, #EGOVERNANCE, #PUZZLE, #ELECTION, #BOARD educational, educational video, best video for education,
Views: 5510 PRAGYA PROJECT KANKER
Hybridisation of Carbon in Organic Compounds
 
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In this video we want to discuss the concept of excitation and hybridisation of Carbon in Organic Compounds. We can use hybridisation to explain the shape of organic molecules with respect to carbon. 1. Methane, CH4 Let's consider carbon in methane, CH4. We know that the shape with respect to carbon is tetrahedral according to Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory (VSEPR). Let's try to explain the shape via the electronic configuration of carbon instead. Carbon in the ground state has the following electronic configuration: 1s2 2s2 2p2. Carbon has only 2 unpaired electrons in this case, so therefore it can only form 2 bonds in its ground state. Of course we know that carbon always forms 4 bonds, so the concept of excitation comes in where an electron is promoted from the paired 2s orbital which is lower in energy to an empty 2p orbital which is higher in energy. Carbon in its excited state now has 4 unpaired electrons so can form 4 bonds. However, if carbon just uses these 2s and 2p orbitals for bond formation, the shape with respect to carbon will not be tetrahedral since 2s orbital is more stable and closer to the nucleus so bond formed will be shorter, while 2p orbital is less stable and further away from the nucleus so bond formed will be longer. This means we will have one shorter C-H bond (from 2s orbital) and 3 longer C-H bonds (from the 2p orbitals), which is hardly the highly symmetrical tetrahedral shape that we see in methane. Therefore we need another concept to connect between excitation and the final shape of methane - hybridisation. Hybridisation is the mixing of valence orbitals to form sigma bonds. Since carbon in methane forms 4 sigma bonds, it will mix 4 of its valence orbitals (2s, 2px, 2py, 2pz) to form 4 identical orbitals with equal shape and energy. The name of the hybridised orbitals will be sp3 hybridised orbitals and since they have the same shape and energy, they repel each other equally and give sp3 hybridised carbon in CH4 its highly symmetrical tetrahedral shape. 2. Ethene, C2H4 Carbon in ethene forms 3 sigma bonds and 1 pi bond. Since carbon forms 3 sigma bonds, it will mix 3 of its valence orbitals (2s, 2px, 2py) to form 3 identical orbitals with equal shape and energy. The name of the hybridised orbitals will be sp2 hybridised orbitals and since they have the same shape and energy, they repel each other equally and give sp2 hybridised carbon in C2H4 its trigonal planar shape. Remainder 2pz orbital is unhybridised and is used in pi bond formation. 3. Ethyne, C2H2 Carbon in ethyne forms 2 sigma bonds and 2 pi bonds. Since carbon forms 2 sigma bonds, it will mix 2 of its valence orbitals (2s, 2px) to form 2 identical orbitals with equal shape and energy. The name of the hybridised orbitals will be sp hybridised orbitals and since they have the same shape and energy, they repel each other equally and give sp hybridised carbon in C2H2 its linear shape. Remainder 2py and 2pz orbitals are unhybridised and used in pi bond formation. 4. Summary for State of Hybridisation for Carbon The following table will summarise what we need to know for hybridisation. Based on the number of sigma bonds that carbon forms, we can determine its state of hybridisation. For the detailed discussion and explanation on excitation and hybridisation, check out this video now! Topic: Introduction to Organic Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, A Level Chemistry, Singapore Found this video useful? Please LIKE this video and SHARE it with your friends! SUBSCRIBE to my YouTube Channel for new A Level Chemistry video lessons every week at https://www.youtube.com/ChemistryGuru Any feedback, comments or questions to clarify? Suggestions for new video lessons? Drop them in the COMMENTS Section, I would love to hear from you! If you are looking for A Level Chemistry Tuition, do consider taking up my classes at Bishan. More info at https://chemistryguru.com.sg/ -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch my latest video: "Determine Feasibility of Redox Reaction" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZWt2Yc1iPOA -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
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BONDING IN CARBON THE  COVALENT BOND
 
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For accessing 7Activestudio videos on mobile Download SCIENCETUTS App to Access 120+ hours of Free digital content. For more information: http://www.7activestudio.com [email protected] http://www.7activemedical.com/ [email protected] http://www.sciencetuts.com/ Contact: +91- 9700061777, 040-64501777 / 65864777 7 Active Technology Solutions Pvt.Ltd. is an educational 3D digital content provider for K-12. We also customise the content as per your requirement for companies platform providers colleges etc . 7 Active driving force "The Joy of Happy Learning" -- is what makes difference from other digital content providers. We consider Student needs, Lecturer needs and College needs in designing the 3D & 2D Animated Video Lectures. We are carrying a huge 3D Digital Library ready to use. Carbon–carbon bond. A carbon–carbon bond is a covalent bond between two carbon atoms. The most common form is the single bond: a bond composed of two electrons, one from each of the two atoms. ... Carbon atoms can also form double bonds in compounds called alkenes or triple bonds in compounds called alkynes.
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