Up until Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi's killing on October 2, the Saudis were on a charm offensive - building brand new megacities, investing in tech start-ups and letting women drive. The world's biggest oil exporter did everything it could to convince the world it was serious about change, and investor confidence was growing. This plan for the future was the brainchild of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman who was feted as a reformer. But then Khashoggi was killed and now Saudi Arabia and its crown prince are facing international scrutiny. At an investment conference this week the crown prince rejected any idea his economic ambitions would be curtailed. But as things stand Saudi Arabia's greatest strength, oil, is also its greatest weakness. So, how seriously should the world take Saudi threats to curtail oil output and how much influence does it really have over the global economy? Saudi oil is "actually quite important, particularly in the short-run," according to Chris Garcia, CEO of Vicar Financial and former deputy director of the US Department of Commerce under US President Donald Trump. "This is why when we look at some of the potential retaliation tactics that the Saudis have threatened, we have to take them seriously." "The Saudis have significant assets. They hold probably the third-most natural resources with about $35 trillion worth of natural resources within their territory." "It's the short-run repercussions of the Saudis cutting [oil] output that would send shockwaves throughout the global economy, but I would say that's leverage that would diminish in the long run unless they diversify as the world continues to diversify itself from its energy resources," explains Garcia. Saudi and Silicon Valley From Riyadh to San Francisco, oil money from Saudi Arabia is being channelled into US-based tech start-ups, known as venture capital. From Saudi's point of view, these kinds of investments can hedge against a potential decline in the demand for oil in the future. That's because the start-ups are tipped as having long-term growth potential. Saudi's sovereign wealth fund is called the Public Investment Fund, which traditionally had a strategy of low-risk investments. But everything changed in 2016 when the kingdom's sovereign wealth fund invested $3.5bn in Uber, making it the largest single investment ever made in a privately-held company at the time. Since then, the kingdom became the largest investor in the $93bn SoftBank Vision Fund, which is the biggest fund ever raised in Silicon Valley. Led by Masayoshi Son, Japan-based Softbank has changed the landscape of venture capital according to some reports. Rival venture capital firms worry SoftBank could be pushing up valuations and pushing them out of the market But since Khashoggi's killing, questions about morals and ethics are being raised. As such, Saudi money could be viewed as a liability by start-ups and their customers. "Even as tech companies recoil from the Saudis on ethical grounds, it will be difficult, if not financially impossible, to unravel their Saudi ties," reports Al Jazeera's Rob Reynolds. "A complex tangle of contracts, stock preferences and legal obligations tie companies' hands in such matters. Silicon Valley corporations face a dilemma: choosing between an ethical response to a shocking crime, and the abundant funding that makes the tech industry flourish." So, how much damage has the Khashoggi affair done to the attractiveness of Saudi money in the tech world? "It's difficult to say at the moment but the likelihood is it's going to have some notable impact on companies that will accept the Vision Fund money and other seeders and whether they'll continue to stay in the Vision Fund," explains Amir Anvarzadeh, from Asymmetric Advisors. As far as Saudi's contribution to the Vision Fund, "It's a big contributor, it's not so easy to find alternatives if they pull out - but I don't think Saudis will pull out. It's in their benefit to stay in it ... the Saudi government wants the Vision Fund to succeed." Deal or no deal? The Future Investment Initiative conference, which took place in Riyadh this week, was intended to show off Saudi Arabia's investment plans. A number of business and government figures pulled out of the conference amid global outrage over Khashoggi's death. But there were plenty of others who did attend. There were government delegations from China, Russia and African and Middle Eastern countries. The conference is bin Salman's brainchild, created to draw investment and diversification into an oil-dependent economy that needs to find new ways to provide millions of jobs and it's those opportunities that attendees couldn't ignore. - Subscribe to our channel: http://aje.io/AJSubscribe - Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/AJEnglish - Find us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/aljazeera - Check our website: https://www.aljazeera.com/
Views: 71767 Al Jazeera English
July 2006 Traditionally land, labour and capital are the three factors determining a nation's ability to produce but these factors not distributed uniformly. This episode looks at how the distribution and exploitation of global resource have influenced global political economy in the past and looks at some alternative views of the future.
Views: 16336 Journeyman Pictures
If you look at the African continent, perhaps the first word to come to mind is "enormous." And that's true. You could fit most of the United States, China, India, and a lot of Europe, into Africa. But if you compare Africa to Europe, Europe has two to three times the length of coastline that Africa has. But what does coastline length have to do with anything? Well, coasts mean access to water. As benign as water might seem, it’s a major driver of economic growth. Adam Smith, the father of modern economics, argued that access to water reduced the cost of trade, and gave merchants access to larger markets. These larger markets incentivized specialization and innovation. These twin processes ultimately spurred trade activity, and consequently, economic growth. As an end result, civilization tended to grow wherever trade was easiest. If you want proof of this, think of a few major cities. Look at Istanbul, New York, Venice, Hong Kong, London, and similar areas. What do they all have in common? They all sit near a major coast or a major river. In contrast, look at some of the poorest areas in the world—places like Kampala, or Pointe-Noire. These places are all landlocked. Since goods are easier to transport over water than over land, trade in landlocked areas is more expensive. And what happens when trade is more expensive? It becomes harder to spark economic growth. What this all means is economic growth is not only affected by a country’s rules and institutions, but by a country’s natural blessings, or natural hindrances, too. The effects of geography on growth cannot be discounted. Macroeconomics Course: http://bit.ly/1R1PL5x Ask a question about the video: http://bit.ly/1QEP6wS Next video: http://bit.ly/1Q0UHtM Help us caption & translate this video! http://amara.org/v/HpAt/
Views: 66213 Marginal Revolution University
So, if economics is about choices and how we use our resources, econ probably has a lot to say about the environment, right? Right! In simple terms, pollution is just a market failure. The market is producing more pollution than society wants. This week, Adriene and Jacob focus on the environment, and how economics can be used to control and reduce pollution and emissions. You'll learn about supply and demand, incentives, and how government intervention influences the environment. Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark, Eric Kitchen, Jessica Wode, Jeffrey Thompson, Steve Marshall, Moritz Schmidt, Robert Kunz, Tim Curwick, Jason A Saslow, SR Foxley, Elliot Beter, Jacob Ash, Christian, Jan Schmid, Jirat, Christy Huddleston, Daniel Baulig, Chris Peters, Anna-Ester Volozh, Ian Dundore, Caleb Weeks -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 304936 CrashCourse
The global economy is in crisis. The exponential exhaustion of natural resources, declining productivity, slow growth, rising unemployment, and steep inequality, forces us to rethink our economic models. Where do we go from here? In this feature-length documentary, social and economic theorist Jeremy Rifkin lays out a road map to usher in a new economic system. A Third Industrial Revolution is unfolding with the convergence of three pivotal technologies: an ultra-fast 5G communication internet, a renewable energy internet, and a driverless mobility internet, all connected to the Internet of Things embedded across society and the environment. This 21st century smart digital infrastructure is giving rise to a radical new sharing economy that is transforming the way we manage, power and move economic life. But with climate change now ravaging the planet, it needs to happen fast. Change of this magnitude requires political will and a profound ideological shift. To learn more visit: https://impact.vice.com/thethirdindustrialrevolution Click here to subscribe to VICE: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE Check out our full video catalog: http://bit.ly/VICE-Videos Videos, daily editorial and more: http://vice.com More videos from the VICE network: https://www.fb.com/vicevideo Click here to get the best of VICE daily: http://bit.ly/1SquZ6v Like VICE on Facebook: http://fb.com/vice Follow VICE on Twitter: http://twitter.com/vice Follow us on Instagram: http://instagram.com/vice Download VICE on iOS: http://apple.co/28Vgmqz Download VICE on Android: http://bit.ly/28S8Et0
Views: 3292693 VICE
021 - Environmental Economics In this video Paul Andersen explains how economic models, like supply and demand, can be applied to environmental systems. The market forces will not protect environmental services until proper valuation and externalities are established. The wealth of a nation can be more accurately measured through the sustainability of the economic model. Do you speak another language? Help me translate my videos: http://www.bozemanscience.com/translations/ Music Attribution Intro Title: I4dsong_loop_main.wav Artist: CosmicD Link to sound: http://www.freesound.org/people/CosmicD/sounds/72556/ Creative Commons Atribution License Outro Title: String Theory Artist: Herman Jolly http://sunsetvalley.bandcamp.com/track/string-theory All of the images are licensed under creative commons and public domain licensing: balin, jean victor. (2009). Cartoon cloud. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cartoon_cloud.svg Contrast, H. (2008). Deutsch: Eine Fabrik in China am Ufer des Jangtse.English: A Factory in China at Yangtze River.Euskara: Landare industrialen ondoriz, aire kutsakorra.Nederlands: Industrie langs de Yangtse rivier in China. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Factory_in_China.jpg EPA. (2008). English: Diesel smoke from a big truck. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Diesel-smoke.jpg Evans, N. 17 crew; taken by either H. S. or R. (1972). العربية: صورة الكرة الزرقاء الشهيرة التي تعتبر أول صورة لمنظر الارض الكامل. إلتقطت الصورة في 7 ديسمبر 1972. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Earth_seen_from_Apollo_17.jpg Factory by Anonymous. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://openclipart.org/download/23962/Anonymous-Factory.svg Gizlog. (2011). English: Sigmund Freud Bobble Head/Wackelkopf. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sigmund_Freud_Bobble_Head_Wackelkopf.JPG Zifan, A. (2015). English: Countries by GDP (PPP) per capita in 2014, based on data from the International Monetary Fund. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Countries_by_GDP_(PPP)_Per_Capita_in_2014.svg
Views: 87232 Bozeman Science
Why scarcity will define the future. When we wander over to the third E in this story – the Environment - we note two things: both the increasing demand of exponentially more resources being extracted from the ground and exponentially more waste being put back into various ecosystems. Because we are trying to assess here whether we can justify ever-increasing amounts of money and debt, for now let's just concern ourselves with the resources we take from the natural world to support our global economy. Oil is not the only essential resource that is fast becoming more expensive to produce, harder to find, or both. In fact, we see an alarming number of examples depletion of critical resources that almost exactly mirror the oil story. First we went after the easy and or high quality stuff, then the progressively trickier, deeper and or more dilute stuff. The bottom line is this: we, as a species, all over the globe, have already mined the richest ores, found the easiest energy sources, and farmed the richest soils that our Environment has to offer. We have taken several hundreds of millions of years of natural ore body, fossil energy deposition, aquifer accumulation, soil creation, and animal population growth -- and largely burned through them in the few years since oil was discovered. It is safe to say that in human terms, once these are gone, man, they’re gone. So, if we are getting less and less net energy for our efforts, and the other basic resources we need to support exponential economic growth are requiring a lot more energy to extract because they are depleting, then does it make sense to keep piling up exponentially more money and debt? Isn't it just common sense to observe that money and debt have to exist in some sort of relationship and proportion to primary and secondary wealth?
Views: 16023 ChrisMartensondotcom
Prof. Steve Horwitz addresses the common belief that the world is running out of natural resources. Instead, there are economic reasons why we will never run out of many resources. In a free market system, prices signal scarcity. So as a resource becomes more scarce, it becomes more expensive, which incentivizes people to use less of it and develop new alternatives, or to find new reserves of that resource that were previously unknown or unprofitable. We have seen throughout history that the human mind's ability to innovate, coupled with a free market economic system, is an unlimited resource that can overcome the limitations we perceive with natural resources. Watch more videos: http://lrnlbty.co/y5tTcY
Views: 195304 Learn Liberty
Check out our Websites World United News http://worldunitednews.blogspot.com/ World United Music http://worldunitedmusic.blogspot.com/ World United Awakening http://worldunitedawakening.blogspot.ca/ Art & Expressions of SF Brennan http://sfbrennanart.blogspot.ca/ Commentary: Every country will face a "Tipping Point" and breakdown of society in the near future due to the crushing economic austerity measures inflicted on the people by the brutal International Banking System that was conceived and designed to acquire wealth and power for an elite few. When impoverished nations reach their economic tipping point, the governing power structure of those nations will have no options left. They will have to tell those in control of their economic system to bow down to major changes, or they themselves will face the consequences of their inaction. At the moment, the choice to fix the broken system belongs to those in control of it. I.e.: The International Banking Cartel through the IMF, World Bank, and International Bank of Settlements...however, if the warning is ignored and the choices made by those who govern the system only ensure that the extremely wealthy survive these harsh economic times, then the responsibility to correct the economic disparity will shift to the impoverished masses by virtue of their will to survive. Be assured that "Civil Unrest" will grow proportionally to the rise in poverty. All one needs for proof is catch a glimpse of what is unfolding in Egypt, Greece, or Spain to see the truth of these words...and there are many other nations at different stages of bankruptcy, poverty and austerity that is being forced upon them by the I.M.F (International Monetary Fund). The victims of the economic system will rise up in their millions because their very survival depends on a just system for all. However, the problem is not just that the IMF has taken control of every nations economic sovereignty but that the corporate power structure that comes with the Private banks has also taken control of the natural resources of most countries. Making matters worse for the people of the World is that the entire political system in every country, with few exceptions, has been seized at every level by the same corrupt banking system. Even the opinions on mainstream news are bought and paid for by corporate interests. Don't believe me? Well Just try to get a differing opinion aired to the public on these mediums and you'll soon see that it becomes painfully obvious where these news corps feed, because you Will be denied your opinion, just as investigative journalism has been denied when it contradicts the banking or corporate plans of the extremely wealthy that control the mainstream press. Personally, I no longer watch TV, read newspapers or listen to the radio airwaves anymore because they are arrogantly biased and illogically opposed to common sense. Call it what you will, but be assured that everyone will wake up to these facts sooner or later and when they do, there will be hell to pay...the degree will depend on how far the banking cartel try to take their illusion. The Solution: Nationalize all the private banks in each country to end the existence of "The IMF, World Bank, and the Bank of International Settlements". Then each country must Nationalize all their natural resources so that the profits go into the nations coffers that supports the communities and the social programs. Reorganize the political structure so that real qualified people govern the nation. Money must not be allowed to affect the political structure ever again. The World is yours to build, we do not need Private Banks to control it. Stewart Brennan World United News http://worldunitednews.blogspot.com/ Please visit these other websites: Russia Today Official English Website http://rt.com/ Press TV Official English Website http://www.presstv.com/ Special thanks to the following YouTube Channels: Russia Today - YouTube http://www.youtube.com/user/RussiaToday Press TV YouTube http://www.youtube.com/user/PressTVGlobalNews Sinn Fein Ireland YouTube http://www.youtube.com/user/sinnfeinireland Etudiant Militant YouTube http://www.youtube.com/channel/UCBejoIT2TX50_WQFp6LU56Q Anonymous UK YouTube Channel http://www.youtube.com/user/DCHTID247 Bahrain Revolution Media YouTube http://www.youtube.com/user/BahrainMedia Yemen Revolution Media Youtube http://www.youtube.com/user/jjxxxxxxjj Music: The Music is by: John Palmer John Palmer -- ReverbNation http://www.reverbnation.com/JPalmer John Palmer -- Official Website - Music http://externalcontrol.wix.com/worldinsideaworld-1
Views: 974 2minstral
From the film Planet RE:think produced by the European Environment Agency, this video explains the current link between the economy and our environment. The film tells the story of unsustainable resource use, showing the truly global nature of the problem, and was premiered at the UN Sustainable Development conference in Rio de Janeiro on 17 June, 2012.
Views: 34124 NV atCEPImperial
When it started life as an independent, separate country in 1965, Singapore’s prospects did not look good. Tiny and underdeveloped, it had no natural resources and a population of relatively recent immigrants with little shared history. The country’s first prime minister, the late Lee Kuan Yew is credited with transforming it. He called one volume of his memoirs, “From Third World to First”. Why did Singapore become an economic success? First, its strategic location and natural harbour helped. It is at the mouth of the Malacca Strait, through which perhaps 40% of world maritime trade passes. It was an important trading post in the 14th century, and again from the 19th, when British diplomat Sir Stamford Raffles founded the modern city. Now it is at the heart of one of the world’s most dynamic regions. Under Mr Lee, Singapore made the most of these advantages. Second, under Mr Lee, Singapore welcomed foreign trade and investment. Multinationals found Singapore a natural hub and were encouraged to expand and prosper. Third, the government was kept small, efficient and honest—qualities absent in most of Singapore’s neighbours. It regularly tops surveys for the ease of doing business. But the island city is not ideal. Although clean and orderly, it has harsh judicial punishments, a tame press and illiberal social policies. Homosexual acts, for example, remain illegal. Protest demonstrations are rarely permitted. Mr Lee saw his authoritarian style of government as an essential ingredient in Singapore’s success, emphasizing the island’s vulnerability in a potentially hostile neighbourhood. But younger people now question whether Singapore really is that fragile, and resent the restrictions on their freedom.
Views: 220697 The Economist
Why should you care about the well-being of people half a globe away? Kurzgesagt Newsletter: http://eepurl.com/cRUQxz Support us on Patreon so we can make more videos (and get cool stuff in return): https://www.patreon.com/Kurzgesagt?ty=h Kurzgesagt merch: http://bit.ly/1P1hQIH Facebook: http://bit.ly/1NB6U5O Twitter: http://bit.ly/2DDeT83 Instagram: http://bit.ly/2DEN7r3 Discord: https://discord.gg/Fsstncs The music of the video here: Soundcloud: http://bit.ly/2G3hGb2 Bandcamp: http://bit.ly/2FSMKac Facebook: http://bit.ly/2qW6bY4 THANKS A LOT TO OUR LOVELY PATRONS FOR SUPPORTING US: Flavio Storino, Alice Balcon, Hari Krishnan, Warren Wiscombe, Sara Zeglin, Asiryan Alexander, maarten sprengers, William Northern, Kerem Mimaroglu, Yana Kultysheva, Josh, Keaton Anderson, Croconaw, Peter Steinberger, Jonathan Diamond, Troy McConaghy, Paddy, Darko Sperac, Peter Burkhalter, Chris Amaris, Tyler Lovell, John Ruble, Chase Henson, Arpita Singh, Edward C.P., Andreas Edlund, Ryan Bubinski, Paul Greyson, Jerry Ding, Austin Sundquist, Daniel Link, Tim Johnson, kayleigh dreste, Johan Sjöblom, Max Stuart, Mush Rain, Andor Baranyi, Eduardas Afanasjevas, Bill Clem, Jake Smith, Stephen Woerner, Jeff Sorensen, Christopher Damsgaard, Eduardo AV, Michael Gawenka, Florian Hoedt, Lucas Nyman, Nathanael Baker, Martin Wierzyk, Mauricio Streb, Karl, Rameet Chawla, Joachim Andersen, Avinash, Erik Golden, Glenn Stoltz, Elliott Nelson, Andrew Averett, Ben Wei Help us caption & translate this video! http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCsXVk37bltHxD1rDPwtNM8Q&tab=2 A Selfish Argument for Making the World a Better Place
Views: 5574442 Kurzgesagt – In a Nutshell
According to Perkins, he began writing Confessions of an Economic Hit Man in the 1980s, but "threats or bribes always convinced [him] to stop." His books: https://www.amazon.com/gp/search?ie=UTF8&tag=tra0c7-20&linkCode=ur2&linkId=defa2f0bdfa42dfc9e2d3915895e5fcf&camp=1789&creative=9325&index=books&keywords=john%20perkins According to his book, Perkins' function was to convince the political and financial leadership of underdeveloped countries to accept enormous development loans from institutions like the World Bank and USAID. Saddled with debts they could not hope to pay, those countries were forced to acquiesce to political pressure from the United States on a variety of issues. Perkins argues in his book that developing nations were effectively neutralized politically, had their wealth gaps driven wider and economies crippled in the long run. In this capacity Perkins recounts his meetings with some prominent individuals, including Graham Greene and Omar Torrijos. Perkins describes the role of an EHM as follows: Economic hit men (EHMs) are highly paid professionals who cheat countries around the globe out of trillions of dollars. They funnel money from the World Bank, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and other foreign "aid" organizations into the coffers of huge corporations and the pockets of a few wealthy families who control the planet's natural resources. Their tools included fraudulent financial reports, rigged elections, payoffs, extortion, sex, and murder. They play a game as old as empire, but one that has taken on new and terrifying dimensions during this time of globalization. The epilogue to the 2006 edition provides a rebuttal to the current move by the G8 nations to forgive Third World debt. Perkins charges that the proposed conditions for this debt forgiveness require countries to privatise their health, education, electric, water and other public services. Those countries would also have to discontinue subsidies and trade restrictions that support local business, but accept the continued subsidization of certain G8 businesses by the US and other G8 countries, and the erection of trade barriers on imports that threaten G8 industries. In the book, Perkins repeatedly denies the existence of a "conspiracy." Instead, Perkins carefully discusses the role of corporatocracy. -- November 4, 2004 interview I was initially recruited while I was in business school back in the late sixties by the National Security Agency, the nation's largest and least understood spy organization; but ultimately I worked for private corporations. The first real economic hit man was back in the early 1950s, Kermit Roosevelt, Jr., the grandson of Teddy, who overthrew the government of Iran, a democratically elected government, Mossadegh's government who was Time's magazine person of the year; and he was so successful at doing this without any bloodshed—well, there was a little bloodshed, but no military intervention, just spending millions of dollars and replaced Mossadegh with the Shah of Iran. At that point, we understood that this idea of economic hit man was an extremely good one. We didn't have to worry about the threat of war with Russia when we did it this way. The problem with that was that Roosevelt was a C.I.A. agent. He was a government employee. Had he been caught, we would have been in a lot of trouble. It would have been very embarrassing. So, at that point, the decision was made to use organizations like the C.I.A. and the N.S.A. to recruit potential economic hit men like me and then send us to work for private consulting companies, engineering firms, construction companies, so that if we were caught, there would be no connection with the government. Columnist Sebastian Mallaby of The Washington Post reacted sharply to Perkins' book: "This man is a frothing conspiracy theorist, a vainglorious peddler of nonsense, and yet his book, Confessions of an Economic Hit Man, is a runaway bestseller." Mallaby, who spent 13 years writing for the London Economist and wrote a critically well-received biography of World Bank chief James Wolfensohn, holds that Perkins' conception of international finance is "largely a dream" and that his "basic contentions are flat wrong". For instance he points out that Indonesia reduced its infant mortality and illiteracy rates by two-thirds after economists persuaded its leaders to borrow money in 1970. He also disputes Perkins' claim that 51 of the top 100 world economies belong to companies. A value-added comparison done by the UN, he says, shows the number to be 29. (The 51 of 100 data comes from an Institute for Policy Studies Dec 2000 Report on the Top 200 corporations; using 2010 data from the CIA's World Factbook and Fortune Global 500 the current ratio is 114 corporations in the top 200 global economies.) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economic_hit_men
Views: 23610 The Film Archives
Complete video at: http://fora.tv/2010/08/03/Pavan_Sukhdev_What_Is_the_World_Worth Economist Pavan Sukhdev argues that in order to protect nature from damage caused by industrial growth, natural resources must be measured in terms of economic value. This viewpoint, he explains, can expose companies that destroy more wealth than they create. ----- Environmental damage is already costing us trillions a year, according to Pavan Sukhdev, head of the UN Green Economy Initiative. Sukhdev applies numbers to things that nature does for free -- like purifying drinking water, supplying food and fuel, protecting coasts from storms, and generally keeping humans alive and healthy. The cost of the global financial crisis stunned the world, with an estimated $862 billion in direct government bailouts alone. After years of running down our natural capital, are we getting close to an environmental version of the credit crunch? Climate change has been grabbing most of the headlines in recent years, but we are now up against many environmental limits at once. Sukhdev looks at what this tells us about the limitations of our economic system and how it needs to change. The pioneering economist (who also works for Deutsche Bank) describes what the global economy would look like with nature on the balance sheet. His talk was presented by the Centre for Policy Development at the Sydney Opera House. Afterwards, he joined a panel consisting of leading business people, climate change advocates and scientists. - Australian Broadcasting Corporation Pavan Sukhdev is Special Advisor and Head of UNEP's Green Economy Initiative, a major project suite to demonstrate that the greening of economies is not a burden on growth but rather a new engine for growth, employment and the reduction of persistent poverty. Sukhdev is also Study Leader for the G8+5 commissioned report on The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB), a project he was appointed to lead in March 2008 by the EU Commission and Germany whilst still working full-time at Deutsche Bank. TEEB's Interim Report was welcomed globally for its fresh economic outlook, showing the economic significance of the loss of nature's services, and connecting biodiversity and ecosystems with ethics, equity and the alleviation of poverty.
Views: 5757 FORA.tv
Tanveer Hussain talks about the links between economic growth and demands on the world’s natural resources
Views: 1155 Bank of England
*Sponsored* Hearts of Iron IV comes out on June 6! Check out the game: http://pdxint.at/hoi4_coming_soon To understand nations at war, you have to look at how their economies function. With World War II on the horizon, Europe and Asia dug themselves in for a fight - and a look at each other's resources told them what to expect. --- (Episode details below) Support us on Patreon! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Watch the WW2: Resource War series! http://bit.ly/1PRaI22 Play games with us on Extra Play! http://bit.ly/WatchEXP Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Get our list of recommended games on Steam: http://bit.ly/ECCurator ____________ Why doesn't this series use the Nazi swastika symbol? James explains: http://bit.ly/1Pzy1k5 ____________ European economies were so closely connected that some people expected they have to avoid another world war or destroy their finances, but in fact World War I had taught them how to prepare for just such a scenario. Germany, France, and Great Britain all invested in their military before war broke out. When evaluating these economies to see how war would affect them, we look at four main factors: GDP, population, territorial extent, and per capita income. Broadly, this helps us determine how resilient, expansive, self-sufficient, and developed a nation is. All of those factors determine how a nation must conduct its war. For example, the vast territorial holdings of the British Empire meant that they had vast resources to draw upon but needed a long time to mobilize them, which helped Germany determine that they needed to strike fast and win big if they hoped to win the war before Britain's full resources came into play. Japan also estimated that they could win a war in the Pacific if they managed to win before the US had been involved for more than 6 months. These calculations drove the early strategies of the Axis powers, but the participation of the US would later prove to be a crucial factor. ____________ BONUS! Economies of Japan and China before WWII: GDP (Bn USD-1990) Japan - 169.4 Japanese Colonies - 62.9 China (exc. Manchuria): 320.5 POPULATION (mil) Japan - 71.9 Japanese Colonies: 59.8 China (exc. Manchuria): 411.7 TERRITORY (thous sq.km) Japan - 382 Japanese Colonies - 1602 China (exc. Manchuria): 9800 AVG ANNUAL WAGE (USD-1990) Japan - 2,356 Japanese Colonies - 1,052 China (exc. Manchuria) - 778 From: “The Economics of World War II: Six Great Powers in International Comparison” by Mark Harrison Buy the book! http://amzn.to/1oxvdKQ ____________ ♫ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♫ Get the outro music here! http://bit.ly/23isQfx *Music by Sean and Dean Kiner: http://bit.ly/1WdBhnm
Views: 1889314 Extra Credits
BOOK REVIEW NATURAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT International Economic Law Perspectives Edited by Celine Tan and Julio Faundez ISBN: 978 1 78347 837 8 (book) 978 1 78347 838 5 (ebook) Edward Elgar Publishing Limited www.e-elgar.com www.elgaronline.com IMPROVING THE GOVERNANCE OF WORLD NATURAL RESOURCES: A COMPENDIUM OF CURRENT LEGAL PERSPECTIVES FROM EDWARD ELGAR An appreciation by Elizabeth Robson Taylor of Richmond Green Chambers and Phillip Taylor MBE, Head of Chambers and Reviews Editor, “The Barrister” It would seem, at first glance, that the natural readership base for this book would be international lawyers specializing in environmental law. But no -- and not necessarily. Published recently by Edward Elgar Limited, the book is actually an excellent research handbook and a distinguished one at that. Comprising fifteen carefully researched articles by as many international contributors from top universities worldwide, it reflects the international disquiet regarding the governance (or lack of it) of natural resources, especially in situations where often obvious flaws in governance – particularly in developing countries -- can wreak devastating consequences within local populations. In such circumstances, almost inevitable tensions can arise between, say, investors and local communities affected, often adversely, by natural resources projects. Both from the University of Warwick (where discussions on these and related issues took place), editors Celine Tan and Julio Faundez remark that the chapters contained in this volume ‘highlight the fact that the international governance and management of natural resources has become an important area for international research law and policy-making as ‘conflict over their use becomes more acute’. The comment is made that while natural resources are central to global economic growth, problems often arise in the shape and form of legal, territorial and political disputes between states with in -- the worst situations -- negative impact on human rights. ‘These tensions’, say the editors ‘will only be resolved if the international community establishes a comprehensive and equitable legal framework for the regulation of natural resources’. This book will do much to advance the debate on the ways and means by which just such an equitable legal and political framework might possibly be achieved. It maintains a clear focus on the intersection between issues of regulation and governance on the one hand -- and environmental law, human rights law and other areas of international law, on the other. The articles on these points certainly cover a broad range of enquiry, from investment treaties. political risk insurance, tropical forests and climate change, to global value chains and the role of the WTO -- and of course, much more. Information-rich and erudite, this book with its emphasis on responsibility in the exploitation of natural resources, provides advocates and practitioners in this area of law with a lot of ammunition in disputes, debates and the more than occasional court battle on environmental and related issues. Specialists in political science and economics as they pertain to public policy, will also find the book useful, as it is further enriched by copious footnoting and lengthy and detailed bibliographies at the end of each article throughout. The publication date is cited as at 25th August 2017.
Views: 65 Phillip Taylor
The academic discipline of international trade has been revolutionized in recent years by a new focus on the role of firms in the global economy. New data sources have revealed previously unsuspected features of the importance of global firms, and new analytic approaches have been developed to rationalize these findings and to explore their implications for theory and policy. Professor Peter Neary of Oxford University will review these new developments and ask what lessons can be learned from them. How do they affect our understanding of the workings of the global economy? And what are their implications for policy-makers and concerned citizens? Peter Neary Peter Neary is Professor of Economics at Oxford University and a Professorial Fellow of Merton College Oxford. Born in 1950 in Drogheda, Ireland,he was educated at University College Dublin and Oxford, where he completed his D.Phil. in 1978. From 1980 to 2006 he was Professor of Political Economy at University College Dublin. His publications include Measuring the Restrictiveness of International Trade Policy (with Jim Anderson, MIT Press, 2005) as well as over a hundred professional papers, mainly on international trade. Peter is a Fellow of the British Academy and the Econometric Society, and a former President of the European Economic Association. He has lectured widely, including the 2002 Ohlin Lectures at the Stockholm School of Economics and the 2008-2009 Graham Lecture at Princeton, and was the inaugural recipient of the Royal Irish Academy Gold Medal in the Social Sciences in 2006. Peter is the author of a joint paper with Max Corden, published in the Economic Journal in 1982, which is widely credited with developing the theory of the Dutch Disease. - the problems of adjustment which can paradoxically follow a sudden increase in wealth as a result of foreign aid or the development of natural resources.
Views: 1315 The University of Melbourne
An animated comparison of the richest country in the world. All 188 countries ranked according to their National Wealth - how rich are they, and if all their money were to convert to gold, how big will the amount of gold they have relative to the size of a human. Also featuring World's richest person Jeff Bezos who is richer than over 100 countries, and Apple, the richest company, which market capitalization is richer than over 150 countries! Source: Credit Suisse (Global Wealth Data Book 2017) Note: 1) Figures listed refers to National Wealth and NOT GDP!!! National Wealth refers to the cumulative sum of every adult marketable value of financial assets plus non-financial assets (principally housing and land) less debts. 2) All 195 United Nation countries included except for Cape Verde, Nauru, Palestine, St Kitts and Nevis, South Sudan, Tuvalu and Vatican City due to lack of available data. 3) Solid Gold Cube refers to a theoretical 1m by 1m by 1m 100% Gold Cube purchased at the current market price. It does not represent Gold Reserves but rather how much gold can be bought if all national wealth/financial assets were converted into gold. Music Used: Chomatic Fuge - Kevin Macload (incompetech) Featured countries (in order): Sao Tome and Principe, Micronesia, Guinea Bissau, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Tonga, The Gambia, Vanuatu, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Malawi, Sierra Leone, Dominica, Grenada, Comoros, Antigua and Barbuda, Maldives, Burundi, Saint Lucia, Suriname, Belize, Swaziland, Samoa, Central African Republic, Djibouti, Guyana, Mauritania, Solomon Islands, Bhutan, Seychelles, Palau, Fiji, Lesotho, Timor-Leste, Rwanda, Madagascar, Barbados, Mozambique, Guinea, Liberia, Somalia, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Monaco, Liechtenstein, Republic of Congo, Mali, San Marino, Ethiopia, Tajikistan, Niger, Zambia, Belarus, Eritrea, Montenegro, Togo, Moldova, Syria, Uganda, Bahamas, Ghana, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Nicaragua, Armenia, Brunei, Trinidad and Tobago, Democratic Republic of Congo, Macedonia, Andorra, Gabon, Kyrgyzstan, Benin, Haiti, Jamaica, Senegal, Namibia, Tanzania, Laos, Albania, Mongolia, Zimbabwe, Cameroon, Sudan, Turkmenistan, Bahrain, Papua New Guinea, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Mauritius, Cambodia, Bolivia, Ivory Coast, Afghanistan, Honduras, Nepal, Yemen, Malta, Paraguay, Kenya, Ukraine, Latvia, North Korea, Estonia, Kazakhstan, Serbia, El Salvador, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Panama, Myanmar, Lithuania, Guatemala, Sri Lanka, Jordan, Venezuela, Cyprus, Lebanon, Uruguay, Bulgaria, Costa Rica, Slovenia, Oman, Slovakia, Dominican Republic, Tunisia, Puerto Rico, Ecuador, Uzbekistan, Luxembourg, Iceland, Nigeria, Angola, Cuba, Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Iran, Iraq, Qatar, Morocco, Romania, Bangladesh, Kuwait, Hungary, Vietnam, Thailand, Czech Republic, Malaysia, Peru, Pakistan, Argentina, Philippines, United Arab Emirates, Colombia, Finland, Chile, Portugal, South Africa, Saudi Arabia, Ireland, Poland, Greece, Israel, Turkey, New Zealand, Singapore, Denmark, Norway, Austria, Mexico, Indonesia, Russia, Sweden, Belgium, Brazil, Netherlands, Switzerland, Spain, India, South Korea, Australia, Canada, Italy, France, Germany, United Kingdom, Japan, China, United States
Views: 9989830 Reigarw Comparisons
The Americas Society and the Peterson Institute for International Economics cohosted the launch of the Winter 2012 issue of Americas Quarterly, "China's Global Rise: Implications for the Americas," on February 15, 2012. Theodore Moran and Barbara Kotschwar, PIIE, and Kimberly Ann Elliott, Center for Global Development, presented their research on Chinese investment in natural resources extraction.
Views: 961 PetersonInstitute
Allianz Chief Economic Advisor and global macro strategist Mohamed El-Erian sat down with Andy Serwer editor-in-chief for Yahoo Finance to discuss how the United States is now perceived in the global economy, his career as an economist, the value of fundamentals, long term investing, challenges at Harvard University, the Federal Reserve and uncertainty with the economy. He also discusses how his daughter inspired him to embrace more of a work-life balance and the loyalty he has as a fan for the New York Jets and Mets despite their inability to have a winning season. Subscribe to Yahoo Finance: https://yhoo.it/2fGu5Bb For more on Influencers and Mohamed El-Erian click: https://finance.yahoo.com/news/allianz-mohamed-el-erian-trump-the-economy-needs-more-gas-in-the-engine-120559963.html For a transcript of this interview click: https://finance.yahoo.com/news/influencers-transcript-mohamed-elerian-134456369.html About Yahoo Finance: At Yahoo Finance, you get free stock quotes, up-to-date news, portfolio management resources, international market data, social interaction and mortgage rates that help you manage your financial life. Connect with Yahoo Finance: Get the latest news: https://yhoo.it/2fGu5Bb Find Yahoo Finance on Facebook: http://bit.ly/2A9u5Zq Follow Yahoo Finance on Twitter: http://bit.ly/2LMgloP Follow Yahoo Finance on Instagram: http://bit.ly/2LOpNYz
Views: 2259 Yahoo Finance
Businesses need to prepare for shifts in the global economy as no country operates in isolation from it. Euromonitor International can help you prepare for these shifts by offering data and insight on business dynamics, cities, economy, finance and trade, natural resources and industries. Partnering with Euromonitor can help your organisation make strong, confident decisions and be better prepared for the future.
Views: 108 Euromonitor International
The central point to this latest video is this: as we’ve shown in previous chapters of the Crash Course, our global economy depends on continual growth to function. And not just any kind of growth; but exponential growth. But in order to grow, it must receive an ever-increasing input supply of affordable energy and resources from the natural world. What I’m about to show you is a preponderance of data that indicates those inputs will just not be there in the volumes needed to supply the growth that the world economy is counting on. In short, on top of all the debt and other economic messes we’ve made for ourselves, constraints from the natural world will increasingly place limits on economic growth in a way we haven’t had to deal with over the past century. This is why I’m so confident in the claim that the next 20 years will be completely unlike the past 20. So understanding the dynamics at play here is key to forecasting what the future will be like. Since energy is the master resource, that’s where we’re going to start.
Views: 29720 ChrisMartensondotcom
The circular economy is being championed by Intesa Sanpaolo with the aim of capitalising on re-designing the global economy by uncoupling it from the exploitation of finite natural resources. The banking group has joined with the Ellen MacArthur Foundation to help businesses ditch the “take, make and dispose” model. To discover more, visit http://www.world.intesasanpaolo.com/
Views: 680 Intesa Sanpaolo
The economy of Japan is the third largest in the world by nominal GDP, the fourth largest by purchasing power parity and is the world's second largest developed economy. According to the International Monetary Fund, the country's per capita GDP (PPP) was at $35,855 or the 22nd highest in 2012. Japan is a member of Group of Eight. The Japanese economy is forecasted by the Quarterly Tankan survey of business sentiment conducted by the Bank of Japan. Japan is the world's third largest automobile manufacturing country, has the largest electronics goods industry, and is often ranked among the world's most innovative countries leading several measures of global patent filings. Facing increasing competition from China and South Korea, manufacturing in Japan today now focuses primarily on high-tech and precision goods, such as optical instruments, Hybrid vehicles, and robotics. Beside the Kantō region, the Kansai region is one of the leading industrial clusters and the manufacturing center for the Japanese economy. Japan is the world's largest creditor nation, generally running an annual trade surplus and having a considerable net international investment surplus. As of 2010, Japan possesses 13.7% of the world's private financial assets (the 2nd largest in the world) at an estimated $14.6 trillion. As of 2013, 62 of the Fortune Global 500 companies are based in Japan. In the three decades of economic development following 1960, Japan ignored defense spending in favor of economic growth, thus allowing for a rapid economic growth referred to as the Japanese post-war economic miracle. By the guidance of Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, with average growth rates of 10% in the 1960s, 5% in the 1970s, and 4% in the 1980s, Japan was able to establish and maintain itself as the world's second largest economy from 1978 until 2010, when it was supplanted by the People's Republic of China. By 1990, income per capita in Japan equalled or surpassed that in most countries in the West. However, in the second half of the 1980s, rising stock and real estate prices caused the Japanese economy to overheat in what was later to be known as the Japanese asset price bubble caused by the policy of low interest rate by Bank of Japan. The economic bubble came to an abrupt end as the Tokyo Stock Exchange crashed in 1990–92 and real estate prices peaked in 1991. Growth in Japan throughout the 1990s at 1.5% was slower than growth in other major developed economies, giving rise to the term Lost Decade. Nonetheless, GDP per capita growth from 2001-2010 has still managed to outpace Europe and the United States. But Japan public debt remains a daunting task for the Japanese government due to excessive borrowing, social welfare spending with an aging society and lack of economic/industrial growth in recent years to contribute to the tax revenue. Japan had recently embraced the new strategy of economic growth with such goals to be achieved in 2020 as expected. The modern ICT industry has generated the major outputs to the Japanese economy. Japan is the second largest music market in the world (for more, see Japan Hot 100). With fewer children in the aging Japan, Japanese Anime industry is facing growing Chinese competition in the targeted Chinese market. Japanese Manga industry (from the Japanese Manga (and anime) profession) enjoys popularity in most of the Asian markets. A mountainous, volcanic island country, Japan has inadequate natural resources to support its growing economy and large population, and therefore exports goods in which it has a comparative advantage such as engineering-oriented, Research and Development-led industrial products in exchange for the import of raw materials and petroleum. Japan is among the top-three importers for agricultural products in the world next to the European Union and United States in total volume for covering of its own domestic agricultural consumption. Japan is the world’s largest single national importer of fish and fishery products. Tokyo Metropolitan Central Wholesale Market is the largest wholesale market for primary products in Japan, including the renowned Tsukiji fish market. Japanese whaling, ostensibly for research purposes, has been challenged as illegal under international law. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_economy
Views: 3094 The Film Archives
As human economies grow, they use more and more natural resources and increase their impacts of the environment. The question arises as to whether continuing economic growth is a realistic objective on a finite planet. Theoretically it is possible for economic growth to continue indefinitely and in some places economic growth has been accompanied by reductions in environmental impacts. However, strong public policies are required to bring such developments about. At present most countries do not have the requisite policies in place, but with political will there is no reason why rising prosperity, resource conservation and environmental improvements should not be simultaneously achieved. Paul Ekins has a Ph.D. in economics from the University of London and is Professor of Resources and Environmental Policy and Director of the UCL Institute for Sustainable Resources at University College London. He is also a Co-Director of the UK Energy Research Centre. Paul Ekins’ academic work, published in numerous books, articles and scientific papers, focuses on the conditions and policies for achieving an environmentally sustainable economy. His book Economic Growth and Environmental Sustainability: the Prospects for Green Growth appeared in 2000. In the UK New Year’s Honours List for 2015 he received an OBE for services to environmental policy This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at http://ted.com/tedx
Views: 4993 TEDx Talks
Why are some countries rich? Why are some countries poor? In the end it comes down to Productivity. This week on Crash Course Econ, Adriene and Jacob investigate just why some economies are more productive than others, and what happens when an economy is mor productive. We'll look at how things like per capita GDP translate to the lifestyle of normal people. And, there's a mystery. Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark, Jan Schmid, Simun Niclasen, Robert Kunz, Daniel Baulig, Jason A Saslow, Eric Kitchen, Christian, Beatrice Jin, Anna-Ester Volozh, Eric Knight, Elliot Beter, Jeffrey Thompson, Ian Dundore, Stephen Lawless, Today I Found Out, James Craver, Jessica Wode, Sandra Aft, Jacob Ash, SR Foxley, Christy Huddleston, Steve Marshall, Chris Peters Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 892876 CrashCourse
A small group of developing countries are transforming the global economic landscape. Led by China, India and Brazil, these rising economic powers pose varied challenges and opportunities for U.S. economic interests and leadership of the global economy. As these fast- growing and large economies account for rising shares of global GDP, manufacturing, and trade in commodities, the balance of global economic power is shifting away from the United States and Europe. The rising economic powers also raise significant policy issues regarding the direction of U.S. trade policy and negotiations, the multilateral institutions that have served as the foundation of an open and rules-based world economy and the availability of natural resources and commodities in the future. Mr. Raymond Ahearn is the Head of the International Trade and Finance Section at the Congressional Research Service (CRS). In this capacity, he supervises the work of 10 analysts who provide research and support to Congress on international policy issues. Mr. Ahearn began his career in the Economics Division of CRS in 1975. In 1988 he assumed the position of Spe- cialist in Trade Relations in the Foreign Affairs and National Defense Division of CRS and in 1998 he began his current assignment. During 1993-1994 he served as Director of Trade Strategy for Japan in the Office of the United States Trade Representative. During his CRS career, he has authored a number of reports on bilateral and multilateral trade issues. His most recent reports include U.S.-European Union Trade Relations: Policy Challenges and Issues and Trade and the Americas. In addition to CRS reports, he has also written a number of articles that have been published in books, journals, and newspapers. Mr. Ahearn received a B.A. in political science from Union College (Schenactady, N.Y.) in 1971, an M.A. from the Johns Hopkins School for Ad- vanced International Studies (SAIS) in 1973, and an M.A. in economics from George Washington University in 1980. He is also a 1991 graduate of the National War College in Washington, D.C. (http://www.maxwell.syr.edu/)
Views: 1967 Colorado School of Mines
James Wolfensohn discusses the changing global economy in a post-financial crisis world, highlighting the rise of Asia and other developing countries. Wolfensohn, former president of the World Bank, begins with an overview of the changing balance of global economic power. The so-called "rich" nations, beginning with the G7, could not stabilize the shaky post-financial crisis economy without the developing countries, especially China, India, and Brazil, which are experiencing rapid economic growth. Wolfensohn discusses the expansion of the G7 to the G20 and describes China and India's projected economic dominance.Wolfensohn discusses the role of the U.S. in a newly competitive global landscape, noting that increasing national debt will become a significant problem if the U.S. does not become more fiscally responsible. Further, to remain competitive, the U.S. must fundamentally reform its education system. Wolfensohn also describes the role of Africa, which is experiencing slower economic growth than Asia, and its importance to the global economy as a matter of social justice, peace, balance, and opportunity. Last, Wolfensohn answers questions about how individuals can effect change in the U.S.; the role of the World Bank; Brazil's economy and natural resources; corruption in Africa; economic growth and governance in China versus India; the future of the European Union; and American military expenditure and action.
Views: 45 Kelley International
What is NATURAL CAPITAL? What does NATURAL CAPITAL mean? NATURAL CAPITAL meaning - NATURAL CAPITAL definition - NATURAL CAPITAL explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Natural capital is one approach to ecosystem valuation which revolves around the idea, in contrast to traditional economics, that non-human life produces essential resources. Thus, ecological health is essential to the sustainability of the economy. In Natural Capitalism: Creating the Next Industrial Revolution the author claims that the global economy is within a larger economy of natural resources and ecosystem services that sustain us. In order to continue to reap the benefits of our natural environment, we need to recognize the importance of natural capital within the economy. According to the authors, the "next industrial revolution" depends on the espousal of four central strategies: "the conservation of resources through more effective manufacturing processes, the reuse of materials as found in natural systems, a change in values from quantity to quality, and investing in natural capital, or restoring and sustaining natural resources." In a traditional economic analysis of the factors of production, natural capital would usually be classified as "land" distinct from traditional "capital". The historical distinction between "land" and "capital" defined “land” as naturally occurring with a fixed supply, whereas “capital”, as originally defined referred only to man-made goods. (e.g., Georgism) It is however, misleading to view "land" as if its productive capacity is fixed, because natural capital can be improved or degraded by the actions of man over time (see Tragedy of the Commons). Moreover, natural capital yields benefits and goods, such as timber or food, which can be harvested by humans. These benefits are similar to those realized by owners of infrastructural capital which yields more goods, such as a factory which produces automobiles just as an apple tree produces apples. The term 'natural capital' was first used in 1973 by E.F. Schumacher in his book Small Is Beautiful and is closely identified with Herman Daly, Robert Costanza, the Biosphere 2 project, and the Natural Capitalism economic model of Paul Hawken, Amory Lovins, and Hunter Lovins. Recently, it has begun to be used by politicians, notably Ralph Nader, Paul Martin Jr., and agencies of the UK government, including its Natural Capital Committee and the London Health Observatory. All users of the term currently differentiate natural from man-made or infrastructural capital in some way. Indicators adopted by United Nations Environment Programme's World Conservation Monitoring Centre and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) to measure natural biodiversity use the term in a slightly more specific way. According to the OECD, natural capital is “natural assets in their role of providing natural resource inputs and environmental services for economic production” and is “generally considered to comprise three principal categories: natural resources stocks, land, and ecosystems.” Within the international community the basic principle is not controversial, although much uncertainty exists over how best to value different aspects of ecological health, natural capital and ecosystem services. Full cost accounting, triple bottom line, measuring well-being and other proposals for accounting reform often include suggestions to measure an "ecological deficit" or "natural deficit" alongside a social and financial deficit. It is difficult to measure such a deficit without some agreement on methods of valuation and auditing of at least the global forms of natural capital (e.g. value of air, water, soil).
Views: 866 The Audiopedia
http://www.moneyminds.co.uk/podcasts_videos/learning_zone_podcasts Physicist and Human Systems Ecologist David Korowicz presents a lecture on the fragile state of the global economy that is being increasingly pushed to collapse by peak oil and natural resources. So large, complex and intertwined is the global economy that it is not suited to change.
Views: 12270 MoneyMindsUK
The condition of the Chinese economy is increasingly becoming a significant factor exorcising the minds of global policy makers. Even though China’s most recent data has shown signs of stabilization (and the current turmoil in the Chinese market will likely provide more Chinese policy stimulus via further overinvestment, which could perpetuate this capex bubble in the short term) the world is still paying close attention to the gradual unwinding of the country’s historically unprecedented investment ratio of around 45% to GDP. That ratio (down from a peak of 55%) suggests that China is poised to embark on a powerful accelerator multiplier dynamic to the downside. Add to that ongoing dollar strength, which has inflicted further deflationary pressures on resource producers, most particularly those who have borrowed dollars against declining resource revenues, all of which has put pressure on commodity prices. Is this the domino that can bring down the global economy? What is the nature of the debt? How much is private? Public? How much of it is foreign denominated (a germane consideration, considering the recent weakening of the Chinese currency)? As Professor Yan Liang, a professor of economics at Willamette University, has noted in her research on the country, China's growth model has relied on credit driven, investment led growth in the past decades. Its double-digit growth record has been nothing but impressive. However, this growth model has encountered mounting difficulties and China today is wresting with a vexing problem with debt. A high level debt, coupled with declining quality of debt, has rendered the private sector vulnerable; and yet, aggressive deleveraging could further decelerate the economy, producing a vicious “credit spiral”. So what are the numbers? According to Professor Liang, China's debt to GDP ratio has reached 217% of GDP (or 281% of GDP, if financial sector debt is included) in mid-2014, up from 134% in 2007. This level is rather unprecedented despite China’s long tradition of credit driven growth. Since China’s market reform in the 1980s, State Owned Commercial Banks, the backbone of China’s financial system, have lent generously to State Owned Enterprises (SOEs) to finance the latter’s fixed asset investment. Credit extension helped mobilize resources and facilitate China’s industrialization and urbanization, whereby engendering a Keynesian-Schumpeterian credit-investment-growth cycle. But this model has gradually run out of steam, as it causes debt accumulation, puts a heavy toll on natural resources and generates rising supply glut in recent years. Chinese policy makers have realized the limitation of the growth model and called for rebalancing, shifting demand from credit driven investment and export to consumption. However, the rebalancing plan did not effectively bring about a reduction of debt; rather, leverage heightens and debt continues to accumulate. In the interview below, Professor Liang discusses the challenges facing China and the prospects of managing a challenging "soft landing" that doesn't engender a major global economic calamity.
Views: 49246 New Economic Thinking
Date: Tuesday 1 March 2016 Time: 6.30-8pm Venue: Hong Kong Theatre, Clement House Speaker: Professor Leif Wenar Chair: Dr Margot Salomon Natural resources empower the world's most coercive men. Autocrats like Putin and the Saudis spend oil money on weapons and repression. ISIS and Congo's militias spend resource money on atrocities and ammunition. For decades resource-fueled authoritarians and extremists have forced endless crises on the West - and the ultimate source of their resource money is us, paying at the petrol station and the mall. In this lecture, Leif Wenar will talk about his new book, Blood Oil, which goes behind the headlines in search of the hidden global rule that puts shoppers into business with the men of blood - and discovers an ancient law that once licensed the slave trade, apartheid and genocide. The abolition of this rule marked some of humanity's greatest triumphs - yet the rule zombies on in today's multi-trillion dollar resource trade, enriching tyrants, warlords and terrorists worldwide. By our own deepest principles, over half of the world's traded oil is stolen. Blood Oil shows how the West can lead a peaceful global revolution by finally ending its dependence on authoritarian oil, conflict minerals and other stolen resources. Upgrading world trade will make us more secure at home, more trusted abroad, and better able to solve urgent problems like climate change. Blood Oil shows how citizens, consumers and leaders can act today to avert tomorrow's crises - and to create a more united human future. Leif Wenar (@LeifWenar) is Chair of Philosophy and Law at King's College London. He has been a Visiting Professor at Princeton and Stanford and a Fellow of the Carnegie Council Program in Justice and the World Economy. Margot Salomon is an Associate Professor in the Law Department and the Centre for the Study of Human Rights where she directs the multidisciplinary Laboratory for Advanced Research on the Global Economy (Lab). The Centre for the Study of Human Rights at LSE (@LSEHumanRights) is a trans-disciplinary centre of excellence for international academic research, teaching and critical scholarship on human rights.
CREDITS Animation & Design: Joshua Thomas [email protected] Narration: Dale Bennett Script: George Dietz From about 2 million years ago until 13,000 years ago there were several human species inhabiting the earth. In fact, 100,000 years ago there were at least 6 different human species! Today there’s just us: Homo sapiens. In this video we’re going to look at some of the key moments in our population growth, and what the future looks like. Our species, Homo sapiens, first evolved about 200,000 years ago in East Africa. And slowly started out-competing our human cousins. And about 13,000 years ago our final cousins went extinct. During the past 200,000 years we’ve grown from 1 person to the 7.5 billion today. Homo sapiens’ population started to boom about 70,000 years ago, driving the other human species to extinction. Our ancestors conquered all corners of the earth and started inventing impressive objects. The most widely accepted explanation for our ancestors rapid success is a huge improvement in our language abilities, and therefore communication and ability to share information. 12,000 years ago, at the dawn of agriculture, there were about 5 million people alive. Our ancestors started farming some plant and animal species, to provide them with a reliable supply of energy. This changed how we lived. People settled permanently around the fields, and population began to grow much more quickly than ever before. We took 2 million years to reach 5 million people, and then 10,000 years to reach 1 billion people. And that’s nothing compared to what was to come! 200 years ago, the global population was about 1 billion people. Now we’re at a huge 7.5 billion today. And still, every year, there are 83 million more people living on this planet. That’s the population of all of Germany! It started with a further agricultural revolution in Europe in the 1700’s and then the industrial revolution of the 1800s. The invention of the steam engine, increased food production, better employment rates and wages, improved quality of healthcare and standards of living have enabled a massive population boom. In simple terms, because there was more food and clean water to go around, less disease and better medical care for the sick, meant fewer people died. People that would otherwise have died, survived increasing the population. They then had children themselves, further increasing the population, and so the story goes on. We’re expected to be over 11 billion by 2100. But the truth is nobody is certain. To support the growing population, the world’s economy is expected to triple in size in this century alone. All of this is a massive challenge for the Earth’s natural resources, biomes and wildlife. Population could continue to grow at its current rate, creating a world population of over 10 billion in the next 30 years. For this to happen, there needs to be enough food, water, shelter and that hygiene and medical care is good. Or maybe global population decreases… there might be insufficient resources to share. Maybe food and water become scarce or not enough housing for everyone or medical care, that prevents diseases and saves lives, may not be available to everyone. Maybe our irresponsible use of antibiotics today could result in a global epidemic in the near future. Or our human induced climate change could result in serious drought or damaging floods, thus bringing famine or disease with it. SUBSCRIBE to the FuseSchool YouTube channel for many more educational videos. Our teachers and animators come together to make fun & easy-to-understand videos in Chemistry, Biology, Physics, Maths & ICT. VISIT us at www.fuseschool.org, where all of our videos are carefully organised into topics and specific orders, and to see what else we have on offer. Comment, like and share with other learners. You can both ask and answer questions, and teachers will get back to you. These videos can be used in a flipped classroom model or as a revision aid. Find all of our Chemistry videos here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cRnpKjHpFyg&list=PLW0gavSzhMlReKGMVfUt6YuNQsO0bqSMV Find all of our Biology videos here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tjkHzEVcyrE&list=PLW0gavSzhMlQYSpKryVcEr3ERup5SxHl0 Find all of our Maths videos here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hJq_cdz_L00&list=PLW0gavSzhMlTyWKCgW1616v3fIywogoZQ Twitter: https://twitter.com/fuseSchool Access a deeper Learning Experience in the FuseSchool platform and app: www.fuseschool.org Follow us: http://www.youtube.com/fuseschool Friend us: http://www.facebook.com/fuseschool This Open Educational Resource is free of charge, under a Creative Commons License: Attribution-NonCommercial CC BY-NC ( View License Deed: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ ). You are allowed to download the video for nonprofit, educational use. If you would like to modify the video, please contact us: [email protected]
Views: 118 FuseSchool - Global Education
I Built a Soviet Republic That Just Destroys Lives - Workers & Resources: Soviet Republic Subscribe if you like! + http://bit.ly/1PG8z9G Watch More Strange Simulator Games Here! + https://youtube.com/watch?v=n4CisUucR68&list=PLw8xXEJ0p21dZZE5yZ8wbks2F674kl5iH I was happy we could get the life expectancy down so low. Follow me on Twitter! + https://twitter.com/GrayStillPlays Like me on Facebook! + https://www.facebook.com/graystillplays/ Worker's and Resources: Soviet Republic on Steam! + https://store.steampowered.com/app/784150/Workers__Resources_Soviet_Republic/ ---------------------------------- Watch More From GrayStillPlays: The Best VR Games: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5aHtqaUilsU&list=PLw8xXEJ0p21fqRS8Og9EgEQPlIMtCDCFw The Strangest Random Games: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5aHtqaUilsU&list=PLw8xXEJ0p21dZZE5yZ8wbks2F674kl5iH The Long Dark Story Mode: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLw8xXEJ0p21cRpG2ekPnXgCBd5mwB2bFu Ravenfield: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Qm-oPk13F0&list=PLw8xXEJ0p21f33Ch39OBlmbON7HRIXqzu Total Tank Simulator: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qrb7ktzaRTc&list=PLw8xXEJ0p21ff_ky6fggbPQo_hlsuxczq My Summer Car: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=75N96As-2Kg&list=PLw8xXEJ0p21fSpKwt_HOlpsLVSnykDpa2 My Little Blacksmith Shop: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-GQEOwtOQCM&list=PLw8xXEJ0p21e93cljO92di6wdJapOJ8DV BeamNG Drive: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jA9NIiTgcV4&list=PLw8xXEJ0p21cYOq_6dHYfRsBukbTlOAzy Brick Rigs: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MMjJLWWtpTg&list=PLw8xXEJ0p21eouNgeRox6tSwWvc1utwF7 Raft: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Ku9IyFNB-s&list=PLw8xXEJ0p21fIDAAlug4WKQQyRnPZWWT6 Ultimate Epic Battle Simulator: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6I_3dq60d_A&list=PLw8xXEJ0p21dHe6ValEsWiRogVVtqXMg3 ---------------------------------- ABOUT: Workers and Resources: Soviet Republic Manage all aspects of your own republic with planned economy, including mining resources, manufacturing goods, construction, investments, and citizens too. Create your own industrial complexes with loading and unloading stations, storage, warehouses, and factories. Build the infrastructure and manage its traffic, including roads, railways, sidewalks, conveyors, wiring, and pipelines. Wisely place and connect factories, houses and warehouses, and make the most efficient connections. Plan and build the living areas with everything your citizens may need to live their happy life, such as playgrounds, cinema s, taverns, and shops. Send your citizens to the mine to get coal, iron and other natural resources; or send them to the fields to pick up the crops; or take them to factories to produce manufactured goods. Sell and purchase resources and goods from western countries or other soviet countries to get dollars or rubles and buy the products or resources you need ... or invest in new infrastructure or buildings. Enjoy authentic soviet buildings and vehicles, as well as realistic landscapes of the 60's to the 90's. Play the way you want! You can focus on getting natural resources or products and trade them for money; or you can build a self-sufficient republic; or you can just use the easy sandbox mode with unlimited money/resources and just enjoy building something live. Economic simulation. Prices of resources on the global market are changing over time as you play –one day you can sell or purchase steel for a $100 per ton, but in a few months the cost can rise to $200 or decrease to $50. The price of everything is connected to the cost of work and resources. Increasing difficulty.As prices change, the demands of the citizens also change, and you will need more resources to keep them happy and force them to work. #graystillplays #indie #simulation
Views: 174195 GrayStillPlays
Episode #148 Erik Townsend and Patrick Ceresna welcome Marin Katusa to MacroVoices. Erik and Marin discuss uranium producers and the recent drop in oil prices. They then go on to discuss the opportunities in the steel and diamond industries. They finally wrap things up with a broader look at resource investing and what it takes to be a successful resource investor.
Views: 2473 Macro Voices
2050. Simply breathtaking! Over nine billion people - global mass consumption. Climate change is accelerating. The rapid growth of world trade sets the pace for business and the economy. Vast transport networks supply the world with more and more goods. The planet is running hot! Even the systematic exploitation of natural resources cannot satisfy the appetite for growth. Competition for natural resources puts our eco systems at risk. Are there alternatives? Read more on our blog: http://www.delivering-tomorrow.com
Views: 12146 Deutsche Post DHL Group
Today, from the kitchen ... the farm barn, ranging from industry trade ... road ... until you can not imagine life without all the space energy. The main source of energy increasing consumption of hydrocarbons and petroleum have been forced to re-think the whole world. Today a large part of the crude oil has become an essential commodity for the global economy of every country is dependent on the natural resources. Reserve of the government of the country and fall in crude oil prices and fall of oil reserves, ie Strategic Petroleum Reserve is making growth plans (SPR). To maintain its substantial reserves in the country in spite of lower imports of crude oil or stopped. Today in this issue specifically, we will talk of strategic oil reserves, will learn why it is important that as well as in case of oil What about India and about alternative energy sources also will talk. Anchor - Amrita Chaurasia Production - Akash Popli Graphics - Nirdesh, Girish, Naynk Editing - Shiv Mohan, Vassem, Jebc
Views: 73788 Rajya Sabha TV
https://bit.ly/erf-25 - Kuwait City, 09 March 2019 Chahir Zaki (Cairo University & Economic Research Forum) recalls his 'history' with ERF. When he was in the second year, Zaki started to work with ERF in the 2002 Annual Conference. Then during his PhD he had the opportunity to participated in several conferences, which allowed him to have constructive referees who helped him to improve his papers. One after finishing his PhD, he joined ERF as an economist in 2013, and he's now working on trade policy issues and other projects, such as looking at the effect of non-tariff measures on exports and the effect of undervaluation on exports; studying the effect of natural resources on conflicts specially focusing on conflicts in Libya; examining the connections between domestic value chains and global value chains. Looking at the next 10 years, he things that ERF should continue to focus on three main things: 1. Work on data and data dissemination 2. Empower young researchers through training workshops and conferences 3. Increasing the outreach and the dissemination of research in order to make it more influential especially for policy makers
Views: 358 ERF Official
NCERT CLASS 12 POLITICAL SCIENCE Chapter 8 Environment and Natural Resources 1. Environmental concerns in Global politics cover losing fertility of agricultural land, and grazing, depletion of water resources as well as loss of bio-diversity, real danger to eco-system and coastal pollution, deteriorating of marine environment, 2. Environmental consequences of economic growth acquired a political shape from 1960s onwards, following a book published in 1972 namely Limits To Growth and Initiatives taken by United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to promote co-ordination and effective response on environment at global level. 3. The Earth Summit held in Rio-de-Janerio, Brazil in 1992 revealed different views i.e. global north (the first world countries) and global south (the third world countries). Global North was concerned with the issues of ozone depletion and global warming and global south focused on economic development and environment management by Agenda 21. 4. Global commons refer to the areas or regions which require common governance by international community on major problems of ecological issues i.e. discovery of ozone hole over Antarctic, earth’s atmosphere and ocean floor associated with technology and industrial development. 5. The Rio Declaration at the Earth Summit in 1992 adopted the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities ‘refering special needs of developing countries in the fields as development, application and interpretation of rules of international environmental law to protect environment by both developing nations in a responsible manner. 6. The 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) also emphasised to protect the climate system on the basis of equity and in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and capabilities. Example-Largest and current global emissions of greenhouse gases originated in developed nations, hence low emissioned developing countries like India and China have been exempted from Kyoto Protocol held in Japan in 1997. 7. Common property resources refer to a group who have both rights and duties with respect to nature, levels of use and the maintenance of a given resource with mutual understanding and practices i.e. management of sacred groves on state owned forest land. 8. India plays a dominating role on the environmental issues as it signed and ratified 1997 Kyoto Protocol in August 2002 to follow common but differentiated responsibilities and India is a wary of recent discussions with UNFCCC about introducing binding commitments. India participated in global efforts by introducing National Autofuel Policy, Electricity Act, 2003 and National Mission on Biodiesel. Besides, India supports to adopt a common position by SAARC countries on major environmental issue to have a greater say regionwise. 9. Environmental movements are the movements of groups which are environmentally conscious to challenge environmental degradation at national or international level aiming at raising new ideas and long term vision i.e. in Mexico, Chille, Brazil, Malaysia, Indonesia, India faced enormous pressure. 10. Environmental movements are categorised as forest movements, movements against mining and mineral industry for creating Water Pollution and Anti Dam Movement. 11. ‘Resources Geopolitics’ is all about who gets what, when, where and how? The practices of neo-colonialism spread on a large scale and throughout a cold war, industrialised countries adopted methods to ensure a steady flow of resources by deployment of military forces near exploitation sites and sea-lanes of communications, the stock pilling of strategic resources and efforts to prop up friendly governments. 12. The global economy relied on oil as a portable and essential fuel. The history of petroleum is the history of war and struggle. Water is another important resource relevant to global politics. Regional variations and increasing scaring of fresh water may also lead to conflicts in the world to play politics. 13. Indigenous people bring the issues of environment, resources and politics together. Indigenous people live with their social, economic, cultural customs in particular areas who speak of their struggle, agenda, and rights to have equal status i.e. Island states in ocean region, Central and South America, Africa, India and South East Asia. 14. The issues related to rights of indigenous communities have been neglected in domestic and international politics for long. The World Council of Indigenous People was formed in 1975 which became first of 11 indigenous NGOs to receive consultative status in the UN. 15. Earth Summit: A conference held in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) in June 1992 on Environment and Development to deal with various environmental problems. 16. Agenda 21: The Earth Summit recommended a list of practices in reference of development to attain sustainability.
Views: 68 Belal Hussain
The reason why some countries are rich and others poor depends on many things, including the quality of their institutions, the culture they have, the natural resources they find and what latitude they're on. For gifts and more from The School of Life, visit our online shop: https://goo.gl/dXpOl4 Download our App: https://goo.gl/M53roP We have, unusually, had to disable comments because of the number of people writing to tell us that we have forgotten about colonialism. We are very aware of colonialism but didn't, on this occasion, give this factor a central role. FURTHER READING You can read more on CAPITALISM, SELF, RELATIONSHIPS and many other topics on our blog TheBookofLife.org at this link: https://goo.gl/IG0HRZ MORE SCHOOL OF LIFE Our website has classes, articles and products to help you think and grow: https://goo.gl/dKEM4i Watch more films on CAPITALISM in our playlist: http://bit.ly/2dmGWsp Do you speak a different language to English? Did you know you can submit Subtitles on all of our videos on YouTube? For instructions how to do this click here: https://goo.gl/H8FZVQ SOCIAL MEDIA Feel free to follow us at the links below: Download our App: https://goo.gl/M53roP Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/theschooloflifelondon/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/TheSchoolOfLife Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/theschooloflifelondon/ CREDITS Produced in collaboration with: Vale Productions http://www.valeproductions.co.uk Music by Kevin MacLeod http://www.incompetech.com #TheSchoolOfLife
Views: 4776968 The School of Life
Education and the quality of knowledge represent the most important Human assets. Human Rights need to be respected by parents first of all. Strong polarization of wealth, abusive exploitation of natural resources including human resources, excessive material accumulation hinder the free economic flow and is unethical. Social segregation, unrest and conflicts are further damaging the equilibrium. Freedom and democracy needs to be understood and revised. The "occupy movement" is a voice that needs to be listen to. The Social Metabolism and the Social Contract need to be taken seriously in order to assure peace and a sustainable social and economic development at the Global level. An urgent and closer look at Human Rights principles is a must. Human Rights need to be a section of a future Universal Declaration of Natural Rights. Fighting Nature is a historical human endeavor for which we just recently started to see the beginning of its outcome. Public health, ecological systems and global economics, being intimately interconnected, undergo a cycle of crises that I take the freedom to call "The Bermuda Triangle of Human Endeavors". Planet Earth offers us as Humanity the means to support our very material existence. Health and ecology together are the primary life supporting elements that form the structures of a sustainable social and economic development. Deprivation of proper living conditions represents an acute denial of Human Rights. No one has the right to deprive others from the inherited Natural Rights, the rights to exist. The economic principles need to be brought up to date and restructured such as to observe the non-monetary values going beyond Human Rights. For the economic system to be sustainable it needs to use a currency that has a sustainable etalon as reference. Life Equivalent Etalons (LEE) can assure economic and international stability as they are fixed and indispensable. Each one of us is responsible for the global economy as it is an expression of human endeavor and its dynamics, more so in the context of globalization. The laws governing natural economic flow are recommended to be used as model for a sustainable anthropogenic economy. Life can't be monopolized. Biodiversity has a paramount importance to sustainable development. This article is intended to be the first in a series of applicative works based on the Triangular Eco-Kinematics Theory "TEKT" proposed here as foundation for global cooperation mechanisms. It is an urgent call for global anthropogenic economic reforms. Planet Earth can sustain a maximum population load if it's properly managed. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights needs to be revised. A Life Equivalent Etalon [LEE] as currency reference is proposed. Keywords: Natural rights, Human Rights, Moscow, Russian Federation, Life Equivalent Etalon, LEE, gold, diamonds, energy, protein, Globalization, organization equilibrium theory, monetary system, entropy, anti-entropy, negentropy, syntropy, Lifentropy, UNESCO, ecology, economy, occupy wall street, occupy movement, Public health, International Academy of Science, Life Equivalent Etalon, LEE, gold, energy, protein, intangible commodities, economics, religion, protein, amino acids, seed germination, carbon dioxide, oxygen, oxigen, bioxid de carbon, dinitrogen, nitrogen, air, global warming, occupy wall street, occupy movement, evolution, macroeconomics, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, USAMV, Universitatea de Stiinte Agricole si Medicina Veterianara, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, Universitatea Babes-Bolyai University, UBB, Facultatea de Fizica, Faculty of Physics, Romania, Constanta, Medgidia. Introduction. Economics, Political Economy, Environmental Economics, Humanities, Human Rights, Human Resource Management, Sociology, Philosophy, Health Sciences, Public Health, Ecology, Behavioral Ecology, Ecological Economics, Life Sciences, Biology, Evolutionary Biology, Education, Occupy Wall Street, Occupy Movement, Natural Resource Management, Natural Resources, Coupled Human and Natural Systems, Community Based Natural Resources Management, Corporate Social Responsibility, Human Rights, Philosophy of Law, Corporate Governance, Soft Law, Business Ethics, Natural Law, International Law, Ethics and Economics, Sustainability, Virtue Ethics, International Strategy, Global Economic Governance, Natural Law, Natural (Naturalized) Philosophy, Natural Resource Economics, Psychology, Psychiatry, Natural Sciences, Ancient Celtic Faith, After Mayan end Time, Justice, Religious Cults, Creative Thinking. For further information please visit http://www.heraldrsias.org/online/2011/1/203/ or search for: Adrian Toader-Williams (Romania, USA) Full article title: APPLICATION OF THE "TRIANGULAR ECO-KINEMATICS THEORY" (TEKT) (PART I) - THE PARADIGM OF ECOLOGY, PUBLIC HEALTH AND ECONOMY AS A SYNERGISTIC EFFECT UPON HUMAN RIGHTS presented at RS-IAS conference October 26-27, 2011, Moscow , Russian federation.
Views: 703 Adrian Toader-Williams Ph.D.
Speakers and papers: - Naji Abi-Aad (chief operating officer of Petroleb, an oil company based in Beirut): Natural Gas in the GCC: Challenges and Opportunities - Ahmed Saddam (scholar at the Faculty of Administration and Economics, University of Basra, Iraq): A Dynamic Analysis of Energy Production and its Aggregate Consumption in GCC Countries - Paul Stevens (distinguished fellow at Chatham House): The Shale Technology Revolution and the Implications for the GCC Chair: Abdullah al-Nibari (general secretary of the Democratic Forum, head of the Kuwait Economic Society) Session: Natural Resources in the Gulf: Opportunities and Risks Conference: The Third Annual Conference of Arab Research Centers: The GCC Countries: Politics and Economics 7-12-2014 More information: http://english.dohainstitute.org/event/f70ed349-0be6-4379-ab4e-09f61dd8f635
Views: 338 المركز العربي Arab Center
Support us on Patreon - https://www.patreon.com/Himfact Watch this video in Hindi - https://goo.gl/STrfzs In this report we will learn about factors that makes Indian Ocean Region significant. We will also focus on its geography, natural resources, trade and its strategic importance in the world. Soundtrack: Infados by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100449 Artist: http://incompetech.com/ Read More: Why the Indian Ocean matters? – The Diplomat http://thediplomat.com/2011/03/why-the-indian-ocean-matters/ Strategic Importance of Indian Ocean Region – USAW Military Studies Program Paper http://dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a192367.pdf The Indian Ocean Region – CSIS https://www.csis.org/analysis/indian-ocean-region India and Indian Ocean: A Briefing – IDSA http://www.idsa.in/idsanews/india-and-the-indian-ocean_skundu A Maritime's Strategy for India's growth – NIAS Discussions http://isssp.in/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Adarsh-EventReport.pdf World Oil Chokepoints – US Energy Information Administration https://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.php?id=18991 Two chokepoints that threatened oil trade between the persian gulf and east asia – Forbes https://www.forbes.com/sites/johnmauldin/2017/04/17/2-choke-points-that-threaten-oil-trade-between-persian-gulf-and-east-asia/#5c6b304d4b96 These narrow chokepoint are critical to the world's oil trade – Business Insider http://www.businessinsider.in/These-8-narrow-chokepoints-are-critical-to-the-worlds-oil-trade/articleshow/46775193.cms World transit chokepoints critical to the global energy security – US Energy Information Administration https://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.php?id=18991 Bab al-Mandab strait – Global Security http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/yemen/bab-al-mandab.htm Why are they so many military bases in Djibouti – BBC http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-33115502 Britain and US seek India’s assistance on Diego Garcia – Hindustan Times http://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/britain-and-us-seek-india-s-assistance-on-diego-garcia/story-thHY7JObIZETj2zIQ73DwL.html FACTBOX – Malacca Strait is a strategic ‘chokepoint’ – Reuters http://in.reuters.com/article/idINIndia-46652220100304 Strait of Hormuz – Times http://time.com/piracy-southeast-asia-malacca-strait/ South China Sea is an important world energy trade route – US Energy Information Administration https://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.php?id=10671 Seychelles committed to Indian naval base – The Hindu http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/seychelles-committed-to-indian-naval-base/article8022404.ece Two islands. Indian Ocean to soon be ‘India’s Ocean’ – DAWN https://www.dawn.com/news/1169104 Green nod for radar station at Narcodam in Andamans – The Times of India http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/environment/developmental-issues/Green-nod-for-radar-station-at-Narcondam-in-Andamans/articleshow/36411949.cms China seeks control of strategic port in Myanmar –The Maritime Executive http://www.maritime-executive.com/article/china-seeks-control-of-strategic-port-in-myanmar Under the Sea: Natural Resources in the Indian Ocean – STIMSON https://www.stimson.org/content/under-sea-natural-resources-indian-ocean-0 In a first, natural has hydrates discovered in the Indian Ocean. http://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/In-a-first-natural-gas-hydrates-discovered-in-the-Indian-Ocean/article14509657.ece
Views: 88158 Himfact