Home
Search results “Exchange rate system in us”
How Exchange Rates Work
 
04:57
● We explain topics simply. So Subscribe if you want to learn while being entertained. ✔ Please like the video and comment if you enjoyed - it helps a lot! ▶ If you want a question answered then ask in the comments and we may make a video about it! About the video: You may have traveled a lot and wondered why you get more of one currency when you exchange it for another. If so, you have witnessed exchange rates in action, but do you know how they work? Watch the video to find out what exchange rates are, how to convert between them and the different systems which determine a currencies exchange rate. Historically the gold standard system had been used, which fixed currency to a select value of gold, held in a vault. The three main systems are the floating, managed and fixed exchange rate systems. The floating system has minimal government intervention, using supply and demand to determine the exchange rate. The managed exchange rate is allowed to be within a permitted band and a fixed exchange rate is usually pegged to a currency with the interest of being competitive in the international market. The video explains this in more detail and with helpful picture to guide you through the subject.
Views: 461176 SimplyExplain
Imports, Exports, and Exchange Rates: Crash Course Economics #15
 
10:11
What is a trade deficit? Well, it all has to do with imports and exports and, well, trade. This week Jacob and Adriene walk you through the basics of imports, exports, and exchange. So, you remember the specialization and trade thing, right? So, that leads to imports and exports. Economically, in the aggregate, this is usually a good thing. Globalization and free trade do tend to increase overall wealth. But not everybody wins. Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark, Eric Kitchen, Jessica Wode, Jeffrey Thompson, Steve Marshall, Moritz Schmidt, Robert Kunz, Tim Curwick, Jason A Saslow, SR Foxley, Elliot Beter, Jacob Ash, Christian, Jan Schmid, Jirat, Christy Huddleston, Daniel Baulig, Chris Peters, Anna-Ester Volozh, Ian Dundore, Caleb Weeks -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 1065489 CrashCourse
Foreign Exchange (FOREX)- Macro 5.2
 
05:07
Mr. Clifford explains the market for foreign exchange and national currencies. If you want more practice watch this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9DVYVfI81R8
Views: 488917 Jacob Clifford
What is the Gold Standard? - Learn Liberty
 
04:25
Before 1974, U.S. dollars were backed by gold. This meant that the federal government could not print more money than it could redeem for gold. Learn more: http://bit.ly/1HVAtKP. While this constrained the federal government, it also provided citizens with a relatively stable purchasing power for goods and services. Today's paper currency has no intrinsic value. It is not based on the value of gold or anything else. Under a gold standard, inflation was really limited. With floating value, or fiat, currency, however, some countries have seen inflation reach extremely high levels—sometimes enough to lead to economic collapse. Gold standards have historically provided more stable currencies with lower inflation than fiat currency. Should the United States return to a gold standard? SUBSCRIBE: http://bit.ly/1HVAtKP FOLLOW US: - Website: https://www.learnliberty.org/ - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LearnLiberty - Twitter: https://twitter.com/LearnLiberty - Google +: http://bit.ly/1hi66Zz LEARN LIBERTY Your resource for exploring the ideas of a free society. We tackle big questions about what makes a society free or prosperous and how we can improve the world we live in. Watch more at http://bit.ly/1UleLbP
Views: 308586 Learn Liberty
Floating vs. Fixed Exchange Rates- Macroeconomics 5.4
 
03:25
Float it or fix it? Mr. Clifford expalins the difference between floating and fixed exchange rates and how countries peg the value of their currency to another currency. Make sure to watch this video first: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9DVYVfI81R8
Views: 313822 Jacob Clifford
Currency Exchange Introduction
 
12:04
Introduction to how exchange rates can fluctuate More free lessons at: http://www.khanacademy.org/video?v=itoNb1lb5hY
Views: 577193 Khan Academy
#72, Foreign exchange rate (Class 12 macroeconomics)
 
18:44
Class 12 macroeconomics ..... Foreign exchange rate.... Foreign exchange.... Types of foreign exchange rate ..... Depreciation and appreciation of currency.... Contact for my book 7690041256 Economics on your tips video 72 Our books are now available on Amazon Economics on your tips Macroeconomics ( new edition ) https://www.amazon.in/dp/B07R561YKH/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_apa_i_3wVXCbE2Z9DZE Economics on your tips Microeconomics http://amzn.in/d/cZykZVK Official series of playlists UG courses ( bcom, bba, bca, ba, honours) – https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLgC10_Xv-BGirAqOr-hU8e-N_Nz0UpgJ- Micro economics complete course – https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLgC10_Xv-BGg5n3YU6oEV7_HIzBuEbbOz Macro economics complete course- https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLgC10_Xv-BGg2ORORpILqiDR1gyH3MkXw Statistics complete course- https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLgC10_Xv-BGjrAkDyeMioJ7DEexAEeVdt National income – https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLgC10_Xv-BGjpE-1V4uz_0wvvbZQnSsj_ In order to promote us and help us grow Paytm on - 7690041256
Views: 443730 Economics on your tips
The Gold Standard Explained in One Minute
 
01:30
A one minute video about the monetary role of gold. As of 1971, the precious metal stopped having such a role altogether and it's interesting to analyze how and why that happened. Through this video, I did just that. Please like, comment and subscribe if you've enjoyed the video. And, of course, a share on Facebook and/or Twitter would be highly appreciated. This channel is still in its infancy, so every bit of help counts. To support the channel, give me a minute (see what I did there?) of your time by visiting OneMinuteEconomics.com and reading my message. Bitcoin donations can be sent to 1AFYgM8Cmiiu5HjcXaP5aS1fEBJ5n3VDck and PayPal donations to [email protected], any and all support is greatly appreciated! Oh and I've also started playing around with Patreon, my link is: https://www.patreon.com/oneminuteeconomics Interested in reading a good book? My first book, Wealth Management 2.0 (through which I do my best to help people manage their wealth properly, whether we're talking about someone who has a huge amount of money at his disposal or someone who is still living paycheck to paycheck), can be bought using the links below: Amazon - https://www.amazon.com/Wealth-Management-2-0-Financial-Professionals-ebook/dp/B01I1WA2BK Barnes & Noble - http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/wealth-management-20-andrei-polgar/1124435282?ean=2940153328942 iBooks (Apple) - https://itun.es/us/wYSveb.l Kobo - https://store.kobobooks.com/en-us/ebook/wealth-management-2-0 My second book, the Wall Street Journal and USA Today bestseller The Age of Anomaly (through which I help people prepare for financial calamities and become more financially resilient in general), can be bought using the links below. Amazon - https://www.amazon.com/Age-Anomaly-Spotting-Financial-Uncertainty-ebook/dp/B078SYL5YS Barnes & Noble - https://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/the-age-of-anomaly-andrei-polgar/1127084693?ean=2940155383970 iBooks (Apple) - https://itunes.apple.com/us/book/age-anomaly-spotting-financial-storms-in-sea-uncertainty/id1331704265 Kobo - https://www.kobo.com/ww/en/ebook/the-age-of-anomaly-spotting-financial-storms-in-a-sea-of-uncertainty Last but not least, if you'd like to follow me on social media, use one of the links below: https://www.facebook.com/oneminuteeconomics https://twitter.com/andreipolgar https://ro.linkedin.com/in/andrei-polgar-9a11a561
Views: 129054 One Minute Economics
What is Exchange Rate : Explained with Animation
 
04:58
This Video Explains the following: 1)Exchange Rates. 2)Why the value of Currency Fluctuates. 3)How the value of a currency is decided. 4)How Demand of Goods influences the Value of a Currency. For More Animated Explanations under 5 minutes, Subscribe to Science Digest. (Suggestions/Errors, please let us know. We appreciate it.)
Views: 77784 Science Digest
Calculating Prices in different Currencies using Exchange Rates
 
10:57
If you know the exchange rates of two currencies, you can calculate the prices of goods in one country in another country's currency. This lesson walks you through several problems in which calculations of different exchange rates allow us to determine how much goods and services in one currency will cost in terms of another. Want to learn more about economics, or just be ready for an upcoming quiz, test or end of year exam? Jason Welker is available for tutoring, IB internal assessment and extended essay support, and other services to support economics students and teachers. Learn more here! http://econclassroom.com/?page_id=5870
Views: 21215 Jason Welker
The Gold Standard: How Does it Work? Do We Need It?
 
12:23
The Gold Standard: How Does it Work? Do We Need It? 🌟SPECIAL OFFERS: ► Free 30 day Audible Trial & Get 2 Free Audiobooks: https://amzn.to/2Iu08SE ...OR: 🌟 try Audiobooks.com 🎧for FREE! : http://affiliates.audiobooks.com/tracking/scripts/click.php?a_aid=5b8c26085f4b8 The gold standard is a monetary system in which the standard economic unit of account is a fixed weight of gold. There are distinct kinds of gold standard. First, the gold specie standard is a system in which the monetary unit is associated with circulating gold coins, or with the unit of value defined in terms of one particular circulating gold coin in conjunction with subsidiary coinage made from a less valuable metal. Similarly, the gold exchange standard typically does not involve the circulation of gold coins, instead using notes or coins made of silver or other metals, but where the authorities guarantee a fixed exchange rate with another country that is on the gold standard. This creates a de facto gold standard, in that the value of the silver coins has a fixed external value in terms of gold that is independent of the inherent silver value. Finally, the gold bullion standard is a system in which gold coins do not circulate, but in which the authorities have agreed to sell gold bullion on demand at a fixed price in exchange for the circulating currency. No country currently uses the gold standard as the basis of its monetary system, although several hold substantial gold reserves. (from Wikipedia) There are strong arguments for and against the gold standard. Others say that neither the Federal Reserve OR the gold standard should exist, and that instead, the U.S. Treasury itself should control the currency supply by issuing a Greenback currency (rather than the PRIVATE Federal Reserve Bank). This position's case has been well made in the documentary film "The Secret of Oz" by Bill Still. Watch "The Secret of Oz" for free on Bill Still's channel: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=swkq2E8mswI&feature=plcp SUBSCRIBE to Bright Enlightenment: http://www.youtube.com/BrightEnlightenment Join the club: http://www.facebook.com/BrightEnlightenment What do you think? Federal Reserve? Gold Standard? U.S. Treasury Greenbacks? Leave a comments, thoughts, and opinions in the comments!
Views: 117958 Bright Enlightenment
Why Hong Kong pegs its currency to the US dollar
 
02:30
Subscribe to our YouTube channel for free here: https://sc.mp/subscribe-youtube Since 1983, Hong Kong authorities have pegged the value of the city's currency to that of the US dollar at an exchange rate of roughly 7.8 to 1. We explain the reasoning for the peg.
The Determinants of Exchange Rates and Managed Exchange Rate Systems - HD
 
17:44
This video lecture walks students through a few scenarios that could lead to a change in a country's exchange rate and introduces the concept of a managed exchange rate system. Japan and the US are used as an example. We'll see what happens to the value of the Yen when the Bank of Japan engages in expansionary monetary policy, as well as what happens to the dollar when foreign investors speculate on its future appreciation. We'll also see how the US government may go about intervening in the market for its own currency to assure a stable exchange rate against the Yen, and show the effect of exchange rate management on the foreign exchange market for dollars in Japan. Want to learn more about economics, or just be ready for an upcoming quiz, test or end of year exam? Jason Welker is available for tutoring, IB internal assessment and extended essay support, and other services to support economics students and teachers. Learn more here! http://econclassroom.com/?page_id=5870
Views: 47615 Jason Welker
China’s exchange rate policy over the past decade
 
02:09
Ben Bernanke explains the recent changes in China’s exchange rate and economic policy and why they are positive for the country’s economy. https://www.brookings.edu/events/gaining-currency-the-rise-of-the-renminbi/ On September 23, the Global Economy and Development program at Brookings hosted the launch of “Gaining Currency: The Rise of the Renminbi,” featuring the book’s author, Brookings senior fellow Eswar Prasad. Subscribe! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=BrookingsInstitution Follow Brookings on social media! Facebook: http://www.Facebook.com/Brookings Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/BrookingsInst Instagram: http://www.Instagram.com/brookingsinst LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/com/company/the-brookings-institution
Views: 1935 Brookings Institution
PPP (Purchasing Power Parity) Exchange Rates
 
10:39
PPP (Purchasing Power Parity) Exchange Rates - A video that looks at PPP (purchasing power parity) with respect to exchange rates
Views: 206111 EconplusDal
What is an Exchange Rate?
 
02:03
Welcome to the Investors Trading Academy talking glossary of financial terms and events. Our word of the day is “Exchange Rate”. Exchange rate is the value at which one currency may be converted into another. The exchange rate is used when simply converting one currency to another such as for the purposes of travel to another country, or for engaging in speculation or trading in the foreign exchange market. There are a wide variety of factors which influence the exchange rate, such as interest rates, inflation, and the state of politics and the economy in each country. In finance, an exchange rate also known as a foreign-exchange rate, forex rate, FX rate between two currencies is the rate at which one currency will be exchanged for another. It is also regarded as the value of one country’s currency in terms of another currency. For example, an interbank exchange rate of 91 Japanese yen to the United States dollar means that 91 yen will be exchanged for each US dollar or that one US dollar will be exchanged for each 91 yen. Exchange rates are determined in the foreign exchange market, which is open to a wide range of different types of buyers and sellers where currency trading is continuous: 24 hours a day except weekends. The spot exchange rate refers to the current exchange rate. The forward exchange rate refers to an exchange rate that is quoted and traded today but for delivery and payment on a specific future date. In the retail currency exchange market, a different buying rate and selling rate will be quoted by money dealers. Most trades are to or from the local currency. The buying rate is the rate at which money dealers will buy foreign currency, and the selling rate is the rate at which they will sell the currency. The quoted rates will incorporate an allowance for a dealer's margin (or profit) in trading, or else the margin may be recovered in the form of a "commission" or in some other way. By Barry Norman, Investors Trading Academy
Exchange Rate Policy Instead Of Monetary Policy
 
01:59
Exchange Rate Policy Instead Of Monetary Policy [12/15] by openlectures Explains how the nature of our economy (small & open), as well as the Open Economy Trilemma, limits us to exchange rate policy. -- ^^^ SUBSCRIBE above for more quick lectures! ^^^ VISIT openlectures: http://openlectures.org ABOUT openlectures: http://openlectures.org/team FOLLOW openlectures: FB - http://facebook.com/OpenLectures Twitter - http://twitter.com/openlecturessg
Views: 4033 openlectures sg
The relationship between the Current Account Balance and Exchange Rates
 
16:16
This lesson will illustrate how trade flows should lead to appreciation and depreciation of currencies in a floating exchange rate system, and then explain how in the case of China, central bank policy aimed at buying large quantities of US government debt keeps the supply of Chinese currency high in the US and the demand for US dollars high in China. This means the dollar remains stronger than it otherwise might relative to the Chinese RMB, contributing to the persistent trade deficits the US exhibits in its trade with China. Want to learn more about economics, or just be ready for an upcoming quiz, test or end of year exam? Jason Welker is available for tutoring, IB internal assessment and extended essay support, and other services to support economics students and teachers. Learn more here! http://econclassroom.com/?page_id=5870
Views: 117900 Jason Welker
Currency pegs
 
05:11
Pressure from the US may have pushed China to unpeg its currency from the dollar this week. But how did that peg work in the first place? Paddy Hirsch explains. Subscribe to our channel! https://youtube.com/user/marketplacevideos
Views: 36548 Marketplace APM
China‘s new exchange rate system and its consequences
 
02:51
14 August 2015: In China’s new, freer exchange rate system the country’s macroeconomic weaknesses will have a bigger impact on the exchange rate. We have therefore revised our USD-CNY forecast substantially upwards. Nonetheless, we still believe that the first US interest rate hike is more likely to happen in September than in December. For more information please click refer to the web site of our Chief Economist https://www.commerzbank.de/en/hauptnavigation/research/research.html
Views: 199 Commerzbank AG
Exchange Rate System in India and its Types - Indian Economy for Prelims 2018
 
12:51
You can join my Live classes on Economy here: https://goo.gl/urfp1H In this lesson, Ayussh explains the exchange rate system and its types. This is an important concept to understand under Indian Economy for UPSC 2018 preparation. An exchange rate regime is the way an authority manages its currency in relation to other currencies and the foreign exchange market. Between the two limits of fixed and freely floating exchange regimes, there can be several other types of regimes. In their operational objective, it is closely related to the monetary policy of the country with both depending on common factors of influence and impact. The exchange system in India has a big impact on world trade and financial flows. The volume of such transactions and the speed at which they are growing makes the exchange rate regime a central piece of Indian Economy. Download the Unacademy Learning App here: Android: https://goo.gl/02OhYI iOS: https://goo.gl/efbytP Download the Unacademy Educator App here: Android: https://goo.gl/H4LGHE iOS: https://goo.gl/1FkFHp Do Subscribe and be a part of the community for more such lessons here: https://goo.gl/gycFVs
Views: 18824 Unacademy
Exchange Rate Euro To Us Dollar ✔ Stock Market
 
02:58
Trading Profits of $760 in just 72 seconds! TOP SECRET Formula! Click Here Now! http://tiny.cc/Profits-Auto-Pilot You've probably heard a lot about the brand new ABS software this week, but if not, here's what you're missing: http://tiny.cc/Profits-Auto-Pilot With AutoBinarySignals, you can: 1) Get started in just a few minutes from right now. 2) Can be used by Beginners. 3) Super-Accurate '80-100%' Leading Signals! 4) Uses a Risk/Reward Stabilizing System 5) Take revenge on the brokers who have happily taken all your cash for months. 6) Unqiue MPMIS - Multi-Indicator System 7) Use's a sepcialist Supply/Demand Price Predictor. 8) Auto-Adaptive Profit-Trade Technology™ 9) Earn a reputation as the binary trader "in the know". It is not important if you're just looking to just take a cheap $799 weekend cruise or your trying to create a livelihood from trading and want to earn $5,341.55 a week or even up to $9,711.09 in a day. With ABS, anything is possible for you. # # How to find out which pair and time frame is best to trade? The software scans 34 Forex pairs on all time frames from minute to monthly Click Here Now! http://tiny.cc/Forex_Trendy # #
Views: 183 Suzann
US-China Meeting Starts With Call for Fair Exchange Rate
 
03:56
This is the VOA Special English Economics Report, from http://voaspecialenglish.com | http://facebook.com/voalearningenglish American Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner recently urged China to let the exchange value of its money rise. Mister Geithner was among top officials from both countries who gathered in Beijing for the U.S.-China Strategic Dialogue. Their goal was to increase cooperation on security and economic issues.Secretary of State Hillary Clinton spoke as the meeting opened on May third. She said the two sides were working to build a relationship so that both countries grow without unhealthy competition or conflict.She noted that nations must deal with issues of economics and international politics in a way that is not 'win or lose', or what she called zero-sum. Secretary Clinton also said that both the United States and China have to meet responsibilities to their own citizens and the international community. The value of China's money, the yuan, was among the economic issues discussed at the meeting. In early May, the exchange rate was over six yuan to the American dollar. The United States says China intervenes in foreign currency markets to keep the exchange value of the yuan low. A lower value means Chinese exports are less costly than their competitors. Critics also say China unfairly supports its industries with many other forms of government support. Last year, America's trade deficit with China reached a record two hundred ninety-five billion dollars. At the talks with American officials, Chinese Vice Premier Wang Qishan defended his country's money policy. He said China is moving at a measured rate to make its currency more flexible. And he urged the United States not to "politicize" economic issues. Mister Wang also called on the United States to ease controls on high-technology exports and increase Chinese access to financial markets. Secretary Geithner said China had moved toward a better way of valuing the yuan. But he said more reform was needed. He said a strong, more market-determined yuan will help strengthen China's economic reform goal of moving toward higher value-added production. Currency reform, said Mister Geithner, also was important to China's financial system and to increasing consumer demand at home. For VOA Special English, I'm Alex Villarreal. You can find more news about economics at voaspecialenglish.com.(Adapted from a radio program broadcast 04May2012)
Views: 34709 VOA Learning English
What is a Crawling Peg?
 
01:19
Welcome to the Investors Trading Academy talking glossary of financial terms and events. Our word of the day is “Crawling Peg” A crawling peg is a system of exchange rate adjustment in which a currency with a fixed exchange rate is allowed to fluctuate within a band of rates. The procedure in which a currency's exchange rate is periodically adjusted, usually to counter the effects of inflation. The exchange rate remains fixed between one change (crawl) to the next. The par value of the stated currency is also adjusted frequently due to market factors such as inflation. This gradual shift of the currency's par value is done as an alternative to a sudden and significant devaluation of the currency. For example, in the 1990s, Mexico had fixed its peso with the U.S. dollar. However, due to the significant inflation in Mexico, as compared to the U.S., it was evident that the peso would need to be severely devalued. Because a rapid devaluation would create instability, Mexico put into place a crawling peg exchange rate adjustment system, and the peso was slowly devalued toward a more appropriate exchange rate. By Barry Norman, Investors Trading Academy - ITA
How Does China Manipulate Its Currency?
 
03:28
» Subscribe to NowThis World: http://go.nowth.is/World_Subscribe With about $400 billion in debt and a broken economy, Greece is in trouble. But, how did Greece end up with such a high debt, and who do they owe money to? Learn More: Greece's Debt Due: What Greece Owes When http://graphics.wsj.com/greece-debt-timeline/ "Greece is negotiating with its eurozone creditors to get more aid before the indebted government runs out of cash." Explaining the Greek Debt Crisis http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/09/business/international/explaining-the-greek-debt-crisis.html "Greece, the weak link in the eurozone, is struggling to pay its debt as its people and its creditors grow more restive." Greek debts: what does it owe? When will the money run out? http://www.theguardian.com/business/2015/apr/24/greek-debts-what-does-it-owe-when-will-the-money-run-out "Crunch talks between Greece and its eurozone creditors are under way, but investors are growing increasingly sceptical that the country can reach an agreement on reforms and unlock the aid it needs from international lenders to avoid a debt default." Greek debt crisis: Who has most to lose? http://money.cnn.com/2015/01/28/investing/greek-debt-who-has-most-to-lose/ "Greece and its international lenders have embarked on a battle over the country's staggering debt." Watch More: What Happens If A Country Goes Bankrupt? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3PZDLG-rtGs&list=UUgRvm1yLFoaQKhmaTqXk9SA _________________________ NowThis World is dedicated to bringing you topical explainers about the world around you. Each week we’ll be exploring current stories in international news, by examining the facts, providing historical context, and outlining the key players involved. We’ll also highlight powerful countries, ideologies, influential leaders, and ongoing global conflicts that are shaping the current landscape of the international community across the globe today. More from NowThis: » Subscribe to NowThis News: http://go.nowth.is/News_Subscribe » Like NowThis World on Facebook: https://go.nowth.is/World_Facebook » Connect with Judah: Follow @judah_robinson on Twitter – Facebook: http://go.nowth.is/LikeJudah » Connect with Versha: Follow @versharma on Twitter – Facebook: http://go.nowth.is/LikeVersha http://www.youtube.com/nowthisworld Special thanks to Lissette Padilla for hosting TestTube! Check Lissette out on Twitter:https://twitter.com/lizzette
Views: 294739 NowThis World
L3/P2: Rupee Devaluation & Exchange rate regimes
 
23:30
Language: Hindi, Topics Covered: - if $1=50 or $1=60: who decides this exchange rate and how? - Fixed exchange rate regime: mechanism and limitations. - Floating exchange rate regime: mechanism limitations. - Difference between devaluation and depreciation of Rupee - Difference between revaluation and appreciation of rupee? - Historic trend of Indian rupee’s fall/weakening against US dollar - How does devaluation of the currency boost its exports? - Difference between NEER and REER? How does it help determining whether currency is undervalued or overvalued? - “Managed” floating extended rate regime. Powerpoint available at http://Mrunal.org/download Exam-Utility: UPSC CSAT, CDS, CAPF, Bank, RBI, IBPS, SSC and other competitive exams, IIM, XLRI, MBA interviews and GDPI Venue: Sardar Patel Institute of Public Administration (SPIPA), Satellite, Ahmedabad, Gujarat,India
Views: 276219 Mrunal Patel
Exchange Rate Practice Part 1
 
12:44
This video lecture walks students through a few scenarios that could lead to a change in a country's exchange rate and introduces the concept of a managed exchange rate system. Japan and the US are used as an example. We'll see what happens to the value of the Yen when the Bank of Japan engages in expansionary monetary policy, as well as what happens to the dollar when foreign investors speculate on its future appreciation. We'll also see how the US government may go about intervening in the market for its own currency to assure a stable exchange rate against the Yen, and show the effect of exchange rate management on the foreign exchange market for dollars in Japan. Want to learn more about economics, or just be ready for an upcoming quiz, test or end of year exam? Jason Welker is available for tutoring, IB internal assessment and extended essay support, and other services to support economics students and teachers. Learn more here! http://econclassroom.com/?page_id=5870
Views: 22064 Jason Welker
China and U.S. agree to market-oriented currency exchange rate
 
03:29
Both China and the United States have agreed that the market should play a decisive role in determining currency rates and oppose deliberate currency devaluation for competitive purposes, Yi Gang, the governor of the People's Bank of China, said at a press conference in Beijing on Sunday. Subscribe to us on YouTube: https://goo.gl/lP12gA Download our APP on Apple Store (iOS): https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cctvnews-app/id922456579?l=zh&ls=1&mt=8 Download our APP on Google Play (Android): https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.imib.cctv Follow us on: Website: https://www.cgtn.com/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ChinaGlobalTVNetwork/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/cgtn/?hl=zh-cn Twitter: https://twitter.com/CGTNOfficial Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/CGTNOfficial/ Tumblr: http://cctvnews.tumblr.com/ Weibo: http://weibo.com/cctvnewsbeijing Tiktok: https://m.tiktok.com/h5/share/usr/6593878228716666886.html?u_code=d1kab7mki4ai6e&utm_campaign=client_share&app=musically&utm_medium=ios&user_id=6593878228716666886&tt_from=copy&utm_source=copy Douyin: https://www.youtube.com/redirect?q=http%3A%2F%2Fv.douyin.com%2F8QTXhV%2F&redir_token=WkBScl40kZbx7ZwJ9M7QhhTjErx8MTU0NTcyMTg3N0AxNTQ1NjM1NDc3&event=channel_description
Views: 813 CGTN
What is DUAL EXCHANGE RATE? What does DUAL EXCHANGE RATE mean? DUAL EXCHANGE RATE meaning
 
06:38
What is DUAL EXCHANGE RATE? What does DUAL EXCHANGE RATE mean? DUAL EXCHANGE RATE meaning - DUAL EXCHANGE RATE definition - DUAL EXCHANGE RATE explanation. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - http://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6UuCPh7GrXznZi0Hz2YQnQ?sub_confirmation=1 Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. In economics, a dual exchange rate is the occurrence of two different values of a currency for different sets of monetary transactions. One of the most common types consists of a government setting one exchange rate for specific transactions involving foreign exchange and another exchange rate governing other transactions. A dual exchange rate policy can arise for a variety of reasons. In the past European and Latin American countries have used dual exchange rates to ease the transition from a fixed rate to a floating rate. Dual exchange rates are similar to multiple exchange rates in that they can appear when there is simultaneously both an official and black market rate. In the gold standard and the Bretton Woods system, the major developed countries mainly implemented fixed exchange rate systems. Due to the devaluation of the pound around the 1970s and the collapse of the Bretton Woods system, many developed countries switched to floating exchange rates. In 1971, France started to adopt the dual exchange rate system. After that, in 1973, Italy also adopted this system. Both countries maintained these dual exchange rate systems through the early 1970s. The Belgium–Luxembourg Economic Union has been using this system since the early 1990s. Around the same time, many Latin American countries also shifted from a single exchange rate system to a dual exchange rate system or a multiple exchange rate system. With the structural adjustment to international trade that has occurred since the mid-1980s, especially the deepening of trade reform, Latin American countries have begun gradually abandoning multiple exchange rate systems, favoring instead the implementation of single exchange rate systems. From 1981 to 1985, during a period of Chinese economic reform, China formally implemented a dual exchange rate system. After 1985, China appeared in the foreign exchange market and the official exchange rate coexisted with a market-determined exchange rate. This system, though, didn't last long and was abandoned in 1994. From 1985 to 1995, South Africa also implemented a dual exchange rate system, and achieved remarkable results. The advantages of dual exchange systems are tied primarily to their ability to prevent capital movements from affecting the current account and the exchange rate for current transactions by separating the exchange market for capital transactions and the exchange market for current transactions. Dual exchange systems are oftentimes used as a short-term alternative to placing quantitative controls on capital movements, especially in cases where a country may be transitioning between exchange rate types.. Dual exchange rates are oftentimes used to stabilize currency values when countries face financial crises. Because most modern financial crises are preceded by substantial inflows and outflows of short to medium-term loans (which create financial instability), countries may implement dual exchange markets in order to discourage undesirable capital imports. Dual exchange rates are able to discourage these undesirable imports while maintaining desirable capital imports and allowing the exchange rate of the current account market to remain independent of the exchange rate of the capital account market, thereby preventing substantial negative effects on the current account. This separation will prevent the current account exchange rate from devaluing or overvaluing a country’s exports and may prevent inflation that would otherwise take place due to the inflows of undesirable capital imports.....
Views: 264 The Audiopedia
Exchange Rates Unit: Floating Exchange Rates
 
14:34
Your IB Economics Course Companion! This is video 4 of 10 videos in “The Exchange Rates Series”. Watch the entire series right here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLNI2Up0JUWkH_sdGVbD8ADVwIApVuVIMe As a teacher of IB Economics in Santiago, Chile, these videos were created to help Standard Level students navigate their way through their two-year course of study. I have made these videos public in the hope that they might be helpful to other economics students around the world. It is important to note that I use Jocelyn Blink and Ian Dorton's "IB Economics Course Companion" as the primary text in class. As a result, many of these videos use this text as source material. I have found it to be an excellent resource for students. Another source you may find helpful is Jason Welker’s site www.econclassroom.com. Welker’s site and course companions are excellent and have served as another source for these videos. Thank you Jocelyn, Ian, and Jason. I hope you find these videos helpful to your study of IB Economics and please let me know if you have any suggestions to improve them. Enjoy! Brad Cartwright . Follow on Twitter: IB Specific News and Analysis Daily! https://twitter.com/econ_ib . Follow on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/econcoursecompanion/ Support Econ Course Companion: https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=_s-xclick&hosted_button_id=CQS377QG4VM4G&source=url
Views: 4635 Econ Course Companion
#75, Determination of foreign exchange rate | market | Class 12 macroeconomics
 
25:56
Class 12 macroeconomics ....... Determination of foreign exchange rate.... Change in determination of foreign exchange rate.... Types of foreign exchange market..... Contact for my book 7690041256 Economics on your tips video 75 Our books are now available on Amazon Economics on your tips Macroeconomics ( new edition ) https://www.amazon.in/dp/B07R561YKH/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_apa_i_3wVXCbE2Z9DZE Economics on your tips Microeconomics http://amzn.in/d/cZykZVK Official series of playlists UG courses ( bcom, bba, bca, ba, honours) – https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLgC10_Xv-BGirAqOr-hU8e-N_Nz0UpgJ- Micro economics complete course – https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLgC10_Xv-BGg5n3YU6oEV7_HIzBuEbbOz Macro economics complete course- https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLgC10_Xv-BGg2ORORpILqiDR1gyH3MkXw Statistics complete course- https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLgC10_Xv-BGjrAkDyeMioJ7DEexAEeVdt National income – https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLgC10_Xv-BGjpE-1V4uz_0wvvbZQnSsj_ In order to promote us and help us grow Paytm on - 7690041256
Views: 165703 Economics on your tips
Traders Advocate Review Of Exchange Rate Band
 
01:31
For more information log on to http://www.channelstv.com
Fixed vs Floating Exchange Rates
 
05:22
AEI scholar Derek Scissors defines and compares fixed vs. floating exchange rates as part of this Tax Foundation University lecture series on the economics of trade.
Views: 2230 TaxFoundation
Learn Foreign Exchange Reserves | US-China Trade War | Rupees Appreciate Depreciate
 
14:19
In this video, we are going to learn about Foreign Exchange Reserves, foreign exchange market - how it works, who are the participants and how it affects import and export, we will also understand the reason behind China-US trade war and many other interesting questions related to foreign exchange with respect to India (devaluation of currency, rupee appreciation and depreciation). Stick around this video is going to be interesting. #forex #ChinaUStradewar #China #USA #Rupeeappreciatedepreciate #economics ***Time stamp*** 1. Definition of Foreign Exchange Reserve @ 0:22 2. How Foreign Exchange Market works @ 1:05 3. Participants in Foreign Exchange Market @ 2:16 4. Role of Reserve Bank of India @ 4:29 5. The most important reason behind holding foreign currency reserve @ 6:02 6. Why do countries keep the value of their domestic currency lower than the dollar @ 6:42 7. And how do they do it @ 7:25 8. Summary of China - United States trade war @ 7:28 9. What does it mean when the Rupee becomes stronger or weaker against some currency @ 9:25 10. Why can't India devaluate the Rupee just like China @ 10:54 11. What can the Reserve Bank of India and Government of India can do to make the Rupee stronger @ 11:50 12. Why the Government of India is increasing the oil prices despite weaker rupee @ 12:36 Fill this feedback form for a better learning experience https://goo.gl/vrYPBw Click here if you want to subscribe https://www.youtube.com/user/TheRealSengupta Maps and sketches can be found on the instagram account search for "geographysimple"
Views: 13113 Amit Sengupta
OIL'S IMPACT ON CURRENCY REGIMES
 
02:12
https://cnb.com/global-perspectives This week crude oil fell to a four-year low, and while this is helping global growth in the foreign exchange market, it is shaking up the oil-exporting nations’ fixed exchange-rate regimes. In countries such as Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, Venezuela, and Russia, oil and gas accounts for 50% to 85% of exports. These countries have a quasi-pegged exchange-rate regime because they don’t want falling commodity prices to result in lost export revenues because of exchange rate fluctuations. But with the U.S. dollar rising as rapidly as it is right now, these countries are under increasing pressure to devalue their currencies. If they don’t, their central banks will have to keep on using up their foreign exchange reserves to sell U.S. dollars and buy up their own currencies as a defensive move. The Russian central bank was the first to throw in the towel this week, ending its system to peg the ruble to the U.S. dollar and euro. This is because the central bank has spent over $55 billion from its reserves to shore up its currency, only for the ruble to lose 40% of its value since July. The central bank still has sufficient reserves but there was no point in throwing more money at the problem with so little to show for it. Nigeria’s foreign exchange reserves also hit a four-month low this week, as its central bank worked to defend its currency, the naira. Nigeria has a tighter fixed-rate regime, but even so, the naira has fallen by about 6% since July and the market has already priced in a 17% devaluation of this currency after Nigeria’s presidential election in February. Saudi Arabia, by far the largest oil exporter in the world, has had its riyal firmly pegged at 3.75 to the dollar since the 1980s. Even this rock-solid rate has recently been challenged by the market. My View: Fixed exchange rates should reflect long-term equilibrium levels if they are to remain stable. The fact that these oil-exporting nations are struggling to maintain their peg suggests that oil prices may remain low for a longer period. But it also means that in today’s world, one country’s central bank can no longer handle the huge amount of capital flows if their currency is too overvalued.
Views: 888 City National Bank
Fixed exchange rates
 
04:50
In this video you will learn how fixed exchange rate systems work, their advantages and disadvantages and what is meant by devaluation and revaluation.
Views: 7318 EnhanceTuition
Exchange Rate System ECONOMY in Tamil for UPSC and TNPSC aspirants
 
20:35
Indian ecomics in Tamil, Exchange Rate System in Tamil, exchange rate system followed by world, US China devaluation, India, Devaluation depreciation appreciation revaluation
US Dollar Exchange Rate Today |Today Currency Rate In India| |US Dollar Rate In Pakistan Today|
 
10:01
Hello Friends & Fans ..! Welcome To My Channel Arab News TV. || LIKE || COMMENT || SHARE || SUBSCRIBE || Hello Friends In Today's Video I Will Tell You About US Dollar Exchange Rate Today |Today Currency Rate In India| |US Dollar Rate In Pakistan Today| #Arab_News_TV #Today_Riyal_Rate #Saudi_News_Today In This Channel "Arab News TV" We Learn That:: Saudi Arabia Latest News |10-2-2019| |Arab Urdu News| |Iqama Fees 2019| |ARY Live Streaming| |Latest Saudi News Today| |Iqama Checking In Saudi Arabia| |ArabNewsTV| In Urdu Hindi Saudi Arabia Riyal Exchange Rate Today |10 February 2019| |Today Riyal Exchange Rate All Countries| |Arab News TV| Saudi Riyal, Pakistan, India, Currency Rate, Enjaz Bank, Monygarm, Today All Exchange Rates, Riyal Rate Today, Today Saudi Riyal Exchange Rates India Pakistan, Saudi Riyal Exchange Rate Today, Riyal All Country Exchange Rate, Saudi Riyal Exchange Rate Pakistan India Currency Rate Bangladesh Nepal Speed Cash Exchange Rate Saudi Riyal Exchange Rate Today Riyal Rate Arab News TV Today Saudi Riyal Rate Riyal Exchange Rate Today Today Riyal Rate Money Gram Saudi Mein Aaj Ka Riyal Rate Arab News TV Riyal Rate Today In Saudi Arabia Saudi Riyal Today Rate Bangladesh, Nepal Speed Cash Exchange Rate Today Riyal Rate Enjaz Bank ArabNewsTV Today Riyal Rate NCB Quick Pay Iqama News 2019 Saudi Currency Rates Today Arab News TV Fawari Riyal Rate Today Riyal Exchange Rate Aaj Ka Riyal ka Rate Fawri Bank ArabNewsTV Saudi Arabia Iqama News 2019 Riyal Rate Today Alrajhi Bank Online Arab News TV Fawri Bank Rate India Saudi Riyal Rate Today In India Alrajhi Bank Mubasher Iqama Checking In Saudi Arabia Currency Rates Today Alrajhi Bank Arab News TV Iqama Check KSA Saudi Riyal Rate Today How To Transfer Money Via Western Union Online Moneygram In Pakistan Western Union Money Transfer Moneygram Tracking ArabNewsTV Enjaz Bank Exchange Rate Pakistan Today Iqama In KSA Moneygram Rate To India Arab News TV Enjaz Bank Exchange Rate Live Moneygram Money Order Enjaz Money Transfer Moneygram Online Enjaz Exchange Rate Today ArabNewsTV Moneygram Send Money Online Enjaz Visa Checking Moneygram Money Transfer Moneygram Receive Money Saudi Riyal Rate Today In Philippines Western Union Exchange Rate Today Western Union Money Transfer Online ARY Live News Streaming Today Saudi Jawazat ArabNewsTV Technology News Wazarat Amal Arab News TV Technology News Today Saudi Arabia Latest News Technology News In Urdu Saudi Arabia News Today Technology News In Hindi Wazarat Amal KSA ArabNewsTV Saudi Arabia News In Urdu Today Saudi Riyal Rate Arab News TV Geo News Headlines Today Today Saudi Arabia News News Headlines Today Today Saudi News Express News Live Streaming Today Saudi Riyal News Update Today So, Subscribe My Channel, Thanks News Theme 1 by Audionautix is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/...) Artist: http://audionautix.com/ DISCLAIMER: This Channel DOES NOT Promote or Encourage Any Illegal activities, all contents provided by This Channel is meant for EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE Only For Business Inquiries Please Contact Us: Email: [email protected] Whatsapp: 00923014952063 Regards: Qazi Brothers ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Kafeel System Finish In Saudi Arabia |ARY News Live Streaming| |Arab Urdu News| In Hindi Urdu" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oTwpScGi1ys -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 313 Arab News TV
Currency Politics: The Political Economy of Exchange Rate Policy
 
01:28:22
Recorded April 20, 2017 Jeffry Frieden, Harvard University Professor of Government, discusses the political economy of exchange rate policy. By Jeffry Frieden’s account, the exchange rate of a currency is the single most important price in any economy, yet is subject to political pressure and rarely set by solely economic considerations. Currency policy involves significant economic trade-offs that implicate powerful interests in society, but which set of interests predominates varies greatly across time and space. Drawing on examples like the gold standard in the nineteenth century, European monetary integration, and Latin American currency choice and crises, Frieden explains the development of monetary policy within the shifting global economic and political order. Learn more: http://cissr.uchicago.edu/events/170420-jeffry-frieden-on-currency-politics/ -- The University of Chicago Center for International Social Science Research is an eclectic intellectual community devoted to nourishing empirical international research across the social sciences. We seek to spark and sustain critical discussions that traverse disciplinary, methodological, and geographic boundaries. CISSR advances social science research that informs and transforms debates on global issues within the academy and beyond. http://cissr.uchicago.edu
Views: 1861 UChicagoCISSR
United States Dollar Rate |Dollar Rate Today In Pakistan| |Euro Rate Today| |Today Currency Rate|
 
10:01
Hello Friends & Fans ..! Welcome To My Channel Arab News TV. || LIKE || COMMENT || SHARE || SUBSCRIBE || Hello Friends In Today's Video I Will Tell You About United States Dollar Rate |Dollar Rate Today In Pakistan| |Euro Rate Today| |Today Currency Rate| #Arab #News #TV In This Channel "Arab News TV" We Learn That:: Saudi Arabia Latest News |13-2-2019| |Arab Urdu News| |Iqama Fees 2019| |ARY Live Streaming| |Latest Saudi News Today| |Iqama Checking In Saudi Arabia| |ArabNewsTV| In Urdu Hindi Saudi Arabia Riyal Exchange Rate Today |13 February 2019| |Today Riyal Exchange Rate All Countries| |Arab News TV| Arab News TV,Muhammad Umer Akram,ArabNewsTV,Technology Video,euro rate today in pakistan,euro rate today pakistani rupees,dollar rate today geo news,dollar rate today in pakistan,ringgit currency,ringgit to india rupees,ringgit to taka,kuwaiti dinar to philippine peso today,kuwaiti dinar to indian rupee today rate,uk pound rate in pakistan today,omani riyal pakistani rupees,qatar riyal today rate,today currency rate in pakistan,currency rates today,dinar rate Saudi Riyal, Pakistan, India, Currency Rate, Enjaz Bank, Monygarm, Today All Exchange Rates, Riyal Rate Today, Today Saudi Riyal Exchange Rates India Pakistan, Saudi Riyal Exchange Rate Today, Riyal All Country Exchange Rate, Saudi Riyal Exchange Rate Pakistan India Currency Rate Bangladesh Nepal Speed Cash Exchange Rate Saudi Riyal Exchange Rate Today Riyal Rate Arab News TV Today Saudi Riyal Rate Riyal Exchange Rate Today Today Riyal Rate Money Gram Saudi Mein Aaj Ka Riyal Rate Arab News TV Riyal Rate Today In Saudi Arabia Saudi Riyal Today Rate Bangladesh, Nepal Speed Cash Exchange Rate Today Riyal Rate Enjaz Bank ArabNewsTV Today Riyal Rate NCB Quick Pay Iqama News 2019 Saudi Currency Rates Today Arab News TV Fawari Riyal Rate Today Riyal Exchange Rate Aaj Ka Riyal ka Rate Fawri Bank ArabNewsTV Saudi Arabia Iqama News 2019 Riyal Rate Today Alrajhi Bank Online Arab News TV Fawri Bank Rate India Saudi Riyal Rate Today In India Alrajhi Bank Mubasher Iqama Checking In Saudi Arabia Currency Rates Today Alrajhi Bank Arab News TV Iqama Check KSA Saudi Riyal Rate Today How To Transfer Money Via Western Union Online Moneygram In Pakistan Western Union Money Transfer Moneygram Tracking ArabNewsTV Enjaz Bank Exchange Rate Pakistan Today Iqama In KSA Moneygram Rate To India Arab News TV Enjaz Bank Exchange Rate Live Moneygram Money Order Enjaz Money Transfer Moneygram Online Enjaz Exchange Rate Today ArabNewsTV Moneygram Send Money Online Enjaz Visa Checking Moneygram Money Transfer Moneygram Receive Money Saudi Riyal Rate Today In Philippines Western Union Exchange Rate Today Western Union Money Transfer Online ARY Live News Streaming Today Saudi Jawazat ArabNewsTV Technology News Wazarat Amal Arab News TV Technology News Today Saudi Arabia Latest News Technology News In Urdu Saudi Arabia News Today Technology News In Hindi Wazarat Amal KSA ArabNewsTV Saudi Arabia News In Urdu Today Saudi Riyal Rate Arab News TV Geo News Headlines Today Today Saudi Arabia News News Headlines Today Today Saudi News Express News Live Streaming Today Saudi Riyal News Update Today So, Subscribe My Channel, Thanks News Theme 1 by Audionautix is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/...) Artist: http://audionautix.com/ For Business Inquiries Please Contact Us: Email: [email protected] Whatsapp: 00923014952063 Regards: Qazi Brothers ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Kafeel System Finish In Saudi Arabia |ARY News Live Streaming| |Arab Urdu News| In Hindi Urdu" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oTwpScGi1ys -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 333 Arab News TV
Supply and demand curves in foreign exchange | AP Macroeconomics | Khan Academy
 
06:49
In this video, learn about how the model of the foreign exchange market is used to represent the determination of exchange rates. AP(R) Macroeconomics on Khan Academy: Macroeconomics is all about how an entire nationÕs performance is determined and improved over time. Learn how factors like unemployment, inflation, interest rates, economic growth and recession are caused and how they affect individuals and society as a whole. We hit the traditional topics from an AP Macroeconomics course, including basic economic concepts, economic indicators, and the business cycle, national income and price determination, the financial sector, the long-run consequences of stabilization policies, and international trade and finance. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy. View more lessons or practice this subject at http://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/ap-macroeconomics/ap-open-economy-international-trade-and-finance/the-foreign-exchange-market/v/supply-and-demand-curves-in-foreign-exchange-ap-macroeconomics-khan-academy?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=desc&utm_campaign=apmacroeconomics AP Macroeconomics on Khan Academy: Welcome to Economics! In this lesson we'll define Economic and introduce some of the fundamental tools and perspectives economists use to understand the world around us! Khan Academy is a nonprofit organization with the mission of providing a free, world-class education for anyone, anywhere. We offer quizzes, questions, instructional videos, and articles on a range of academic subjects, including math, biology, chemistry, physics, history, economics, finance, grammar, preschool learning, and more. We provide teachers with tools and data so they can help their students develop the skills, habits, and mindsets for success in school and beyond. Khan Academy has been translated into dozens of languages, and 15 million people around the globe learn on Khan Academy every month. As a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization, we would love your help! Donate or volunteer today! Donate here: https://www.khanacademy.org/donate?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=desc Volunteer here: https://www.khanacademy.org/contribute?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=desc
Views: 14313 Khan Academy
China's Fixed Exchange Rate - ECON 332 Presentation
 
05:53
Powerpoint Creation & Animation Credit - Melanie Petersen Audio Credit - Eric Neo Video Editing - Mitch Patterson Script Creation - Steven Li, Melanie Petersen, Eric Neo, Mitch Patterson
Views: 1407 Mitchell Patterson
TYBCOM - Economics - Exchange Rate Systems - Introduction  Demo
 
05:22
We begin this video with the introduction of how was the foreign exchange rate determined and what are the two different types of exchange rates - fixed and flexible. We begin with the first fixed exchange - Gold Standard and then proceed to the USA Dollar standard
Views: 478 Graduate Guru
What is CRAWLING PEG? What does CRAWLING PEG mean? CRAWLING PEG meaning & explanation
 
02:50
What is CRAWLING PEG? What does CRAWLING PEG mean? CRAWLING PEG meaning - CRAWLING PEG definition - CRAWLING PEG explanation. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - http://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6UuCPh7GrXznZi0Hz2YQnQ?sub_confirmation=1 Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Crawling peg is an exchange rate regime that allows depreciation or appreciation to happen gradually. It is usually seen as a part of a fixed exchange rate regime. The system is a method to fully use the key under the fixed exchange regimes as well as the flexibility under the floating exchange rate regime. The system is shaped to peg at a certain value but at the same time is designed to “glide” to respond to external market uncertainties. To react to external pressure (such as interest rate differentials or changes in foreign-exchange reserves) to appreciate or depreciate the exchange rate, the system can have moderately-sized, frequent exchange rate changes to ensure that the economic dislocation is minimized. Some central banks use a formula that triggers a change when certain conditions are met, while others prefer not to use a preset formula and frequently change the exchange rate to discourage speculations. The main advantages of a crawling peg are that it avoids economic instability as a result of infrequent and discrete adjustments (fixed exchange rate) and it minimizes the rate of uncertainty and volatility since the fluctuation in the exchange rate is kept minimal (floating exchange regime). For example, Mexico used a crawling peg to address inflation in the peso crisis. It transitioned from a fixed exchange rate in the 1990s without the instability of rapid devaluation. In practice, the system may not be an "ideal system" under certain scenarios. For instance, if there is substantial currency flows that may affect the exchange rate, monetary authorities may be "forced" to accelerate currency realignment, leading to substantial unsystematic costs to market players. In practice, only a few countries have adopted crawling pegs. E. Ray Canterbery proposes an idea of a delayed peg to eliminate many disadvantages of the crawling peg model. The delayed peg uses a wide band for exchange-rate fluctuations, while the band is allowed to move when foreign exchange liabilities accumulate (at a secret but predetermined rate). In China a new use of a "floating band" is essentially a delayed peg.
Views: 1222 The Audiopedia
How to Add Real Time Currency Converter in Excel Sheet (Calculate Currency & Update)
 
05:32
Add and Calculate All Currencies in Real time in Excel Sheet also update currency.. Click here for more detail... http://www.bsocialshine.com/2016/04/how-to-add-real-time-currency-converter.html Euro, dinar, US dollar, taka, rupees, franc, real, peso, pound, rupiah, rial, yen, shilling, dirham, rupee, riyal, rubie, Saudi riyal, rand, won, lira,
Views: 168426 MJ Tube
Fixed vs. Flexible Exchange Rate Regimes and Policies
 
05:50
Interview granted to "Nova Makedonija" 1. What is your opinion about fixed exchange rate regimes? A. Fixed exchange rate regimes are useful in crisis circumstances, when the restoration of stability and the trust of citizens, investors, and speculators is essential. Such harsh measures, usually coupled with capital controls, should be short-term and lifted immediately when the economy had picked up and expectations have settled. Maintaining a fixed-rate regime in the long-term has nefarious and dangerous consequences as the exchange rate diverges further and further from the real value of the currency, adjusted to inflation. This erodes the competitiveness of exporters, renders imports relatively cheap, distorts the price signal throughout the economy (in other words: people don't know what the real value of their currency is abroad). It also leads to speculative attacks on the currency from the outside (if the currency is convertible and traded in free foreign exchange markets) - or from the inside (in the form of a thriving black foreign exchange market.) 2. What is the connection between exchange rate policies and better economic results? A. This depends on how open the country is to the global capital markets and what percentage of its GDP is made up of international trade and various transfers from abroad (such as remittances.) As a rule, the more exposed a country is to the ups and downs of the global market, the more it should have a flexible and adaptable exchange rate policy. A country that exports and imports a lot needs to have competitive manufacturing, services (e.g., tourism), and agricultural sectors. An important part of such competitiveness is having the correct exchange rate which reflects inflation differentials, purchasing power disparities, relative advantages, and structural elements. Such constant adjustment (up AND down, for instance within a band) is excluded by a fixed rate regime. By adopting a fixed exchange rate, the country is giving up on one of its most important automatic economic stabilizers and policy tools, as Greece is discovering now to its great cost. 3. Is a fixed exchange rate good for controlling inflation? Is there a possibility to control the prices and make a correction of the value of the currency? Inflation reflects expectations of the population regarding the future level of prices. These expectations are affected by the level of stability inside the country - but also by factors outside it. In a country that is open to international trade, foreign capital flows, and foreign direct investment, external instability is far more important than internal stability. Indeed, in countries like Macedonia, Israel, and Brazil, most of the inflation comes from the outside via the soaring prices of imports such as energy products, foodstuffs, and raw materials. There is little the monetary authorities can do to affect such imported inflation. Still, it is true that a string of unannounced, arbitrary, unscripted, incomprehensible, and large devaluations will create inflation. The exchange rate policy has to be transparent, predictable, rational, and adaptable. There are dozens of countries around the world with various modesl of flexible exchange rates and, yet, with stable prices: these two are not mutually exclusive. Flexible exchange rates mean that the currency can do down (devaluation) - but also up (appreciation or revaluation.) 4. What happens to an economy if people from abroad stop sending money? Depends on: (1) What is the share of remittances in the GDP; and (2) What are the remittances used for. In most poor countries remittances constitute 10-15% of GDP and they are used by the recipients mostly for consumption. When remittances decline, consumption and GDP are adversely affected, the level of foreign exchange reserves declines, and outlays on social welfare increase. 5. Can a country defeat the trade deficit with a fixed exchange rate? The exchange rate is only one component in the overall competitiveness of the economy. Structural reforms in the public sector and various institutions; infusion of management and marketing skills; innovation; a functioning financial system; new inputs (equipment, information technology, intellectual property under license); focused and up-to- date training and re-skilling; better access to core export markets; the economic conditions in these export markets; level and relevance of the workforce's education; mentality and ethos - all these are as important as the exchange rate alone. Germany and Japan had overvalued currencies for decades and still were able to achieve prosperity and dominate international trade.
Views: 10359 vakninmusings
Balance of Payments _ Part1 _ Foreign Exchange Rate _ Mauli Gupta
 
15:16
Excited to share video lectures from the brightest students at IIT & Delhi University. Learner (www.learner.in) is India's largest platform where Students TEACH Students. Download App at http://bit.ly/2l3zRzq and call us at 011-41082172 to get access code. Prepare for Boards for CBSE syllabus, NCERT Pattern, Class 12th. Download app from http://app.learner.in or visit website at http://www.learner.in to get more videos, notes & questions.
Views: 70478 learner.in
Word of the Day: Currency Peg
 
03:20
Watch more Capital Account @ http://www.youtube.com/CapitalAccount http://twitter.com/laurenlyster http://twitter.com/coveringdelta A currency peg, otherwise referred to as a fixed exchange rate, is a type of exchange system wherein a currency's value is matched to the value of another single currency or to a basket of other currencies, or to another measure of value, such as gold. The most readily well-known "currency manipulator" is China, which pegs the yuan to the us dollar. Their's is a flexible peg, but a peg nonetheless, and we look at this during our word of the day, as well as the case of Argentina. These are two very different types of currency pegs. In the case of the yuan, China artificially undervalues their currency relative to the dollar, in an effort to cheapen their exports and drive growth with sales to the US and other countries. This is an export led growth model, facilitated by a cheap currency. The people's bank of china achieves this buy regularly going out into the open market and buying us dollars in return of chinese yuan. This helps to push down the value of the yuan relative to the dollar, cheapening the chinese currency, but also causing inflation domestically because china has to print all this extra money in order to soak up the USD it buys. When a country like china loosens it's peg, its currency will naturally rise. In the case of Argentina, the central bank in that country was keeping its currency artificially high relative to the USD. When Argentina headed into depression during the early 2000's it became increasingly difficult for the country to maintain the peg, because in the case of countries that are artificially increasing the value of their currency, the national central bank had to intervene in the market by selling foreign exchange reserve in return for pesos. This had its limits, since the Argentinian central bank only had so many reserves to sell. The advantage of having a strong and stable currency, as was the case in Argentina throughout the 90's is that it attracts a lot of foreign capital. However, when times get tough, a lot of that capital can leave and then you can find yourself bankrupt very quickly.
Views: 10084 RT America
The Bretton Woods Monetary System (1944 - 1971) Explained in One Minute
 
01:29
After World War 2, it was clear the world needed a new financial system and as such, 44 countries sent delegates to Bretton Woods, New Hampshire to work on just that. The Bretton Woods system lasted from 1944 to 1971, when Nixon ended it and thereby put the final nail in the coffin of not just the Bretton Woods monetary system but also to gold's monetary role. If you've enjoyed the video, please like and comment. To support the channel, give me a minute (see what I did there?) of your time by visiting OneMinuteEconomics.com and reading my message. Bitcoin donations can be sent to 1AFYgM8Cmiiu5HjcXaP5aS1fEBJ5n3VDck and PayPal donations to [email protected], any and all support is greatly appreciated! Oh and I've also started playing around with Patreon, my link is: https://www.patreon.com/oneminuteeconomics Interested in reading a good book? My first book, Wealth Management 2.0 (through which I do my best to help people manage their wealth properly, whether we're talking about someone who has a huge amount of money at his disposal or someone who is still living paycheck to paycheck), can be bought using the links below: Amazon - https://www.amazon.com/Wealth-Management-2-0-Financial-Professionals-ebook/dp/B01I1WA2BK Barnes & Noble - http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/wealth-management-20-andrei-polgar/1124435282?ean=2940153328942 iBooks (Apple) - https://itun.es/us/wYSveb.l Kobo - https://store.kobobooks.com/en-us/ebook/wealth-management-2-0 My second book, the Wall Street Journal and USA Today bestseller The Age of Anomaly (through which I help people prepare for financial calamities and become more financially resilient in general), can be bought using the links below. Amazon - https://www.amazon.com/Age-Anomaly-Spotting-Financial-Uncertainty-ebook/dp/B078SYL5YS Barnes & Noble - https://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/the-age-of-anomaly-andrei-polgar/1127084693?ean=2940155383970 iBooks (Apple) - https://itunes.apple.com/us/book/age-anomaly-spotting-financial-storms-in-sea-uncertainty/id1331704265 Kobo - https://www.kobo.com/ww/en/ebook/the-age-of-anomaly-spotting-financial-storms-in-a-sea-of-uncertainty Last but not least, if you'd like to follow me on social media, use one of the links below: https://www.facebook.com/oneminuteeconomics https://twitter.com/andreipolgar https://ro.linkedin.com/in/andrei-polgar-9a11a561
Views: 165279 One Minute Economics