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Y1/IB 31) Monetary Policy (Interest Rates, Money Supply and Exchange Rate)
 
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AS/IB 21) Monetary Policy (Interest Rates, Money Supply and Exchange Rate) - An understanding of how monetary policy works with reference to central bank inflation targeting as well. Twitter: https://twitter.com/econplusdal Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/EconplusDal-1651992015061685/?ref=aymt_homepage_panel
Views: 102071 EconplusDal
Causes of shifts in currency supply and demand curves | AP Macroeconomics | Khan Academy
 
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Exchange rates are determined in the foreign exchange market, but what causes those exchange rates to change? In this video, learn about why the supply or demand for a currency might change. AP(R) Macroeconomics on Khan Academy: Macroeconomics is all about how an entire nationÕs performance is determined and improved over time. Learn how factors like unemployment, inflation, interest rates, economic growth and recession are caused and how they affect individuals and society as a whole. We hit the traditional topics from an AP Macroeconomics course, including basic economic concepts, economic indicators, and the business cycle, national income and price determination, the financial sector, the long-run consequences of stabilization policies, and international trade and finance. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy. View more lessons or practice this subject at http://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/ap-macroeconomics/ap-open-economy-international-trade-and-finance/effect-of-changes-in-policies-and-economic-conditions-on-the-foreign-exchange-market/v/causes-of-shifts-in-currency-supply-and-demand-curves-ap-macroeconomics-khan-academy?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=desc&utm_campaign=apmacroeconomics AP Macroeconomics on Khan Academy: Welcome to Economics! In this lesson we'll define Economic and introduce some of the fundamental tools and perspectives economists use to understand the world around us! Khan Academy is a nonprofit organization with the mission of providing a free, world-class education for anyone, anywhere. We offer quizzes, questions, instructional videos, and articles on a range of academic subjects, including math, biology, chemistry, physics, history, economics, finance, grammar, preschool learning, and more. We provide teachers with tools and data so they can help their students develop the skills, habits, and mindsets for success in school and beyond. Khan Academy has been translated into dozens of languages, and 15 million people around the globe learn on Khan Academy every month. As a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization, we would love your help! Donate or volunteer today! Donate here: https://www.khanacademy.org/donate?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=desc Volunteer here: https://www.khanacademy.org/contribute?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=desc
Views: 8319 Khan Academy
Co-determination of exchange rate and interest rate
 
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This clip shows how interest rates -- determined in national financial markets -- and exchange rates -- determined in the foreign exchange market -- interact. When the central bank changes the interest rate, it affects the no-arbitrage condition in the foreign exchange market: Given a constant "fundamental" expected exchange rate, the current exchange rate depreciates (rises) following a decrease of the domestic interest rate. Vice versa, the current exchange rate appreciates (falls) following an increase in the domestic interest rate.
Foreign Exchange Practice- Macro Practice- Macro 5.3
 
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In this video I explain foreign exchange and how the value of currencies change. Remember that the trick is to remember that you supply your currency and the people in other countries demand your currency. Thanks for watching.
Views: 208683 Jacob Clifford
Money supply and demand impacting interest rates | Macroeconomics | Khan Academy
 
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Examples showing how various factors can affect interest rates Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/macroeconomics/income-and-expenditure-topic/MPC-tutorial/v/mpc-and-multiplier?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=macroeconomics Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/macroeconomics/monetary-system-topic/interest-price-of-money-tutorial/v/interest-as-rent-for-money?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=macroeconomics Macroeconomics on Khan Academy: Topics covered in a traditional college level introductory macroeconomics course About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy's Macroeconomics channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCBytY7pnP0GAHB3C8vDeXvg Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 249296 Khan Academy
Banking 16: Why target rates vs. money supply
 
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The rationale for targeting interest rates instead of directly having a money supply target. More free lessons at: http://www.khanacademy.org/video?v=yOgGhPIHnlA
Views: 79414 Khan Academy
Imports, Exports, and Exchange Rates: Crash Course Economics #15
 
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What is a trade deficit? Well, it all has to do with imports and exports and, well, trade. This week Jacob and Adriene walk you through the basics of imports, exports, and exchange. So, you remember the specialization and trade thing, right? So, that leads to imports and exports. Economically, in the aggregate, this is usually a good thing. Globalization and free trade do tend to increase overall wealth. But not everybody wins. Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark, Eric Kitchen, Jessica Wode, Jeffrey Thompson, Steve Marshall, Moritz Schmidt, Robert Kunz, Tim Curwick, Jason A Saslow, SR Foxley, Elliot Beter, Jacob Ash, Christian, Jan Schmid, Jirat, Christy Huddleston, Daniel Baulig, Chris Peters, Anna-Ester Volozh, Ian Dundore, Caleb Weeks -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 937301 CrashCourse
Quantity Theory of Money
 
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The quantity theory of money is an important tool for thinking about issues in macroeconomics. The equation for the quantity theory of money is: M x V = P x Y What do the variables represent? M is fairly straightforward – it’s the money supply in an economy. A typical dollar bill can go on a long journey during the course of a single year. It can be spent in exchange for goods and services numerous times. In the quantity theory of money, how many times an average dollar is exchanged is its velocity, or V. The price level of goods and services in an economy is represented by P. Finally, Y is all of the finished goods and services sold in an economy – aka real GDP. When you multiply P x Y, the result is nominal GDP. Actually, when you multiply M x V (the money supply times the velocity of money), you also get nominal GDP. M x V is equal to P x Y by definition – it’s an identity equation. You can think about the two sides of the equation like this: the left (M x V) covers the actions of consumers while the right (P x Y) covers the actions of producers. Since everything that is sold is bought by someone, these two sides will remain equal. Up next, we’ll use the quantity theory of money to discuss the causes of inflation. Subscribe for new videos every Tuesday! http://bit.ly/1Rib5V8 Macroeconomics Course: http://bit.ly/1R1PL5x Ask a question about the video: http://bit.ly/2jvcIbq Next video: http://bit.ly/2k0ZCny
Draw Me The Economy: Money Supply
 
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Draw Me The Economy is a series of videos explaining the economic news, without political bias. It is a tool offered to all to aid understanding, thanks to the drawings of economic concepts that are part of our daily lives. http://www.drawmetheeconomy.com
Views: 36329 Dessine-moi l'éco
How Exchange Rates Work
 
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● We explain topics simply. So Subscribe if you want to learn while being entertained. ✔ Please like the video and comment if you enjoyed - it helps a lot! ▶ If you want a question answered then ask in the comments and we may make a video about it! About the video: You may have traveled a lot and wondered why you get more of one currency when you exchange it for another. If so, you have witnessed exchange rates in action, but do you know how they work? Watch the video to find out what exchange rates are, how to convert between them and the different systems which determine a currencies exchange rate. Historically the gold standard system had been used, which fixed currency to a select value of gold, held in a vault. The three main systems are the floating, managed and fixed exchange rate systems. The floating system has minimal government intervention, using supply and demand to determine the exchange rate. The managed exchange rate is allowed to be within a permitted band and a fixed exchange rate is usually pegged to a currency with the interest of being competitive in the international market. The video explains this in more detail and with helpful picture to guide you through the subject.
Views: 374758 SimplyExplain
The Money Market- Macroeconomics 4.6
 
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In this video I explain the money market graph with the the demand and supply of money. The graph is used to show the idea of monetary policy and how changing the money supply effects interest rates. Thanks for watching. Please subscribe Macroeconomics Videos https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XnFv3d8qllI Microeconomics Videos https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=swnoF533C_c Watch Econmovies https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL1oDmcs0xTD9Aig5cP8_R1gzq-mQHgcAH Follow me on Twitter https://twitter.com/acdcleadership
Views: 339767 Jacob Clifford
Exchange Rate, Money and Monetary Policy (The Monetary System ) - Macroeconomics Lecture # 05
 
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Exchange Rate, Money and Monetary Policy (The Monetary System ) - Macroeconomics Lecture # 05. Subscribe this channel to get more knowledge,Lectures,Presentations etc. Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuBvNmo-Q42RPTisa-b1_-w?sub_confirmation=1 Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/g8knowledge Twitter: https://www.twitter.com/g8knowledge Instragram: https://www.instagram.com/knowledgeget Course Description: The course introduces the students to the fundamentals of economics and how economy operates. The topics included are introduction to macroeconomics, law of demand and supply, fiscal and monetary policy and financial institutions, and use of economic indicators to forecast an economic growth. Course Objective: The objective of this course is that the students will have the basic knowledge of the economic concepts and phenomena be able to understand the working of an economy in an international context and will have an understanding about major economic issues and problems of the day. Macroeconomic factors and policies that affect the business activities in an open economy. The students will also have an insight into the functioning of macroeconomic activities and also macroeconomic indicators. They will be able to view the economy in global perspective. After completing the course the students will be able to apply the principles of macroeconomics to solve economic problems being faced by both public and private sectors of Pakistan. Learning Outcome: At the end of this course it is expected that the student should be able to: 1. Identify the circular flow of output, expenditure and incomes in an economy. 2. Make a distinction between injections and withdrawals from the circular flow of income. 3. The overall functioning of the economy. 4. The key role of macroeconomic indicators in understanding the economy. 5. Understand the concept of macroeconomic equilibrium and implications for the management of the business cycle. 6. To understand the fluctuations of business cycles about trend in real GDP. 7. The revolution that came in the area of economics through the efforts of Keynes. 8. Discuss and compare the Keynesian theory with the classical theory. 9. The role of fiscal and monetary policy in stabilizing the economy. 10. Describe the tools used by the central bank to conduct its monetary policy. 11. Describe the recent history of federal expenditures, tax revenues, and budget deficit. 12. Analyze the importance of international trade to the Pakistan economy and evaluate the effects of government policy measures on the exchange rate and trade. Course Contents: Topics to be covered Exchange Rate Systems Story of Money The Monetary System
Views: 1136 Get Knowledge
Y1/IB 17) Exchange Rate Changes and Macroeconomic Impacts
 
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AS/IB 16) Exchange Rate Changes and Macroeconomic Impacts - When exchange rates change, what impacts are there in the macroeconomy? This video considers both demand and supply side impacts Twitter: https://twitter.com/econplusdal Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/EconplusDal-1651992015061685/?ref=aymt_homepage_panel
Views: 58382 EconplusDal
Floating vs. Fixed Exchange Rates- Macroeconomics 5.4
 
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Float it or fix it? Mr. Clifford expalins the difference between floating and fixed exchange rates and how countries peg the value of their currency to another currency. Make sure to watch this video first: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9DVYVfI81R8
Views: 271431 Jacob Clifford
Foreign Exchange (FOREX)- Macro 5.2
 
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Mr. Clifford explains the market for foreign exchange and national currencies. If you want more practice watch this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9DVYVfI81R8
Views: 420539 Jacob Clifford
Introduction to Foreign Exchange Markets
 
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Exchange rates are the "prices" of one country's currency expressed in terms of another country's currency.Exchange rates are determined through the market forces of supply and demand, just like prices for any good, service, or resource. This lesson will explore the different determinants of exchange rates, focusing on the markets for Swiss francs in Europe and the market for Euros in Switzerland. Want to learn more about economics, or just be ready for an upcoming quiz, test or end of year exam? Jason Welker is available for tutoring, IB internal assessment and extended essay support, and other services to support economics students and teachers. Learn more here! http://econclassroom.com/?page_id=5870
Views: 75481 Jason Welker
The relationship between the Current Account Balance and Exchange Rates
 
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This lesson will illustrate how trade flows should lead to appreciation and depreciation of currencies in a floating exchange rate system, and then explain how in the case of China, central bank policy aimed at buying large quantities of US government debt keeps the supply of Chinese currency high in the US and the demand for US dollars high in China. This means the dollar remains stronger than it otherwise might relative to the Chinese RMB, contributing to the persistent trade deficits the US exhibits in its trade with China. Want to learn more about economics, or just be ready for an upcoming quiz, test or end of year exam? Jason Welker is available for tutoring, IB internal assessment and extended essay support, and other services to support economics students and teachers. Learn more here! http://econclassroom.com/?page_id=5870
Views: 113353 Jason Welker
Monetary Policy Unit:   Money Supply and Interest Rates
 
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Your IB Economics Course Companion! This is video 5 of 11 videos in “The Monetary Policy Series”. Watch the entire series right here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLNI2Up0JUWkFCISVn47ZJzL7qx291zlS7 As a teacher of IB Economics in Santiago, Chile, these videos were created to help students navigate their way through their two-year course of study. I have made these videos public in the hope that they might be helpful to other Economics students around the world. Check out all of the Macroeconomic playlists… Fundamentals of Macroeconomics Series: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLNI2Up0JUWkG6AmW4E2YNV_hBP0AVuw4v Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply Series: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLNI2Up0JUWkGyyUCGXdTWNgfkKJ9_0l6q Macroeconomic Equilibrium Series: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLNI2Up0JUWkGZBoaxdZHC9mokrwtXT4Xg Low Unemployment Series: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLNI2Up0JUWkFCxtc5-8q_AJseZFYbVeA4 Low and Stable Rate of Inflation Series: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLNI2Up0JUWkGfCtnjSTIPQhZkZxzZM2Pf Economic Growth Series: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLNI2Up0JUWkFxkSsb8p3fCrx0Z3i59REX Equity in the Distribution of Income Series: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLNI2Up0JUWkEFqlgvMNOhJ3pei2zXyuhD Fiscal Policy Series: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLNI2Up0JUWkGCPnKi4Er5FH8s_SV_WXH3 Monetary Policy Series: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLNI2Up0JUWkFCISVn47ZJzL7qx291zlS7 Supply-Side Policies Series https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLNI2Up0JUWkGczuu4Frzrw9oBgp2GU4e5 Enjoy! Brad . Follow on Twitter: IB Specific News and Analysis Daily! https://twitter.com/econ_ib . Follow on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/econcoursecompanion/
Views: 4099 Econ Course Companion
The Monetary Model of Exchange Rates
 
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A short video on the Monetary Model of Exchange Rates under both fixed and floating exchange rates.
Views: 18261 Aamar Aslam
exchange rate and money supply
 
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Culminating Activity
Views: 93 Koosha Kazerooni
Supply and demand curves in foreign exchange | AP Macroeconomics | Khan Academy
 
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In this video, learn about how the model of the foreign exchange market is used to represent the determination of exchange rates. AP(R) Macroeconomics on Khan Academy: Macroeconomics is all about how an entire nationÕs performance is determined and improved over time. Learn how factors like unemployment, inflation, interest rates, economic growth and recession are caused and how they affect individuals and society as a whole. We hit the traditional topics from an AP Macroeconomics course, including basic economic concepts, economic indicators, and the business cycle, national income and price determination, the financial sector, the long-run consequences of stabilization policies, and international trade and finance. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy. View more lessons or practice this subject at http://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/ap-macroeconomics/ap-open-economy-international-trade-and-finance/the-foreign-exchange-market/v/supply-and-demand-curves-in-foreign-exchange-ap-macroeconomics-khan-academy?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=desc&utm_campaign=apmacroeconomics AP Macroeconomics on Khan Academy: Welcome to Economics! In this lesson we'll define Economic and introduce some of the fundamental tools and perspectives economists use to understand the world around us! Khan Academy is a nonprofit organization with the mission of providing a free, world-class education for anyone, anywhere. We offer quizzes, questions, instructional videos, and articles on a range of academic subjects, including math, biology, chemistry, physics, history, economics, finance, grammar, preschool learning, and more. We provide teachers with tools and data so they can help their students develop the skills, habits, and mindsets for success in school and beyond. Khan Academy has been translated into dozens of languages, and 15 million people around the globe learn on Khan Academy every month. As a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization, we would love your help! Donate or volunteer today! Donate here: https://www.khanacademy.org/donate?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=desc Volunteer here: https://www.khanacademy.org/contribute?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=desc
Views: 9063 Khan Academy
What's all the Yellen About? Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Crash Course Economics #10
 
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This week on Crash Course Economics, we're talking about monetary policy. The reality of the world is that the United States (and most of the world's economies) are, to varying degrees, Keynesian. When things go wrong, economically, the central bank of the country intervenes to try aand get things back on track. In the United States, the Federal Reserve is the organization that steps in to use monetary policy to steer the economy. When the Fed, as it's called, does step in, there are a few different tacks it can take. The Fed can change interest rates, or it can change the money supply. This is pretty interesting stuff, and it's what we're getting into today. Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Fatima Iqbal, Penelope Flagg, Eugenia Karlson, Alex S, Jirat, Tim Curwick, Christy Huddleston, Eric Kitchen, Moritz Schmidt, Today I Found Out, Avi Yashchin, Chris Peters, Eric Knight, Jacob Ash, Simun Niclasen, Jan Schmid, Elliot Beter, Sandra Aft, SR Foxley, Ian Dundore, Daniel Baulig, Jason A Saslow, Robert Kunz, Jessica Wode, Steve Marshall, Anna-Ester Volozh, Christian, Caleb Weeks, Jeffrey Thompson, James Craver, and Markus Persson -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 775350 CrashCourse
Exchange Rate Determination
 
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Free app! Access all videos on this channel by putting myapp.is/Economics%20Diagrams into your phone browser and follow the instructions This video looks at how exchange rates are determined through the supply and demand of a currency in the Foreign Exchange (FOREX) market
Views: 43711 Steve Lobsey
The relationship between a nation's money supply and its inflation rate
 
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Inflation and a country's money supply. For www.inflateyourmind.com Unit 7, by John Bouman. Made with Explain Everything
Views: 3866 John Bouman
What is MONEY SUPPLY? What does MONEY SUPPLY mean? MONEY SUPPLY meaning, definition & explanation
 
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What is MONEY SUPPLY? What does MONEY SUPPLY mean? MONEY SUPPLY meaning, definition & explanation. In economics, the money supply or money stock, is the total amount of monetary assets available in an economy at a specific time. There are several ways to define "money," but standard measures usually include currency in circulation and demand deposits (depositors' easily accessed assets on the books of financial institutions). Money supply data are recorded and published, usually by the government or the central bank of the country. Public and private sector analysts have long monitored changes in money supply because of its effects on the price level, inflation, the exchange rate and the business cycle. That relation between money and prices is historically associated with the quantity theory of money. There is strong empirical evidence of a direct relation between money-supply growth and long-term price inflation, at least for rapid increases in the amount of money in the economy. For example, a country such as Zimbabwe which saw extremely rapid increases in its money supply also saw extremely rapid increases in prices (hyperinflation). This is one reason for the reliance on monetary policy as a means of controlling inflation. The nature of this causal chain is the subject of contention. Some heterodox economists argue that the money supply is endogenous (determined by the workings of the economy, not by the central bank) and that the sources of inflation must be found in the distributional structure of the economy. In addition, those economists seeing the central bank's control over the money supply as feeble say that there are two weak links between the growth of the money supply and the inflation rate. First, in the aftermath of a recession, when many resources are underutilized, an increase in the money supply can cause a sustained increase in real production instead of inflation. Second, if the velocity of money (i.e., the ratio between nominal GDP and money supply) changes, an increase in the money supply could have either no effect, an exaggerated effect, or an unpredictable effect on the growth of nominal GDP.
Views: 1869 The Audiopedia
IS-LM Model & Diagram - LM Curve Shift from a Monetary Shock (Money Supply Increase)
 
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We deal with the IS-LM Model to find the effect of a monetary expansion. First, we derive the IS and LM Curves given the increase in M. This leads to a shift in the LM Curve. Then we calculate the new equilibrium interest rate (r*) and output/income (Y*). Then we use the IS-LM diagram to investigate the effect of the increase in the money supply. And we end with some intuition. More Macroeconomics Problems: https://sites.google.com/site/curtiskephart/ta/intermediate-macro-solutions ___________________________________________________________ Consider the economy of Hicksonia. Consider the economy of Hicksonia. http://youtu.be/_19w5dcGhCo?t=2m30s a. The consumption function is given by: C=200+0.75(Y-T) The investment function is: I=200-25r Government purchases and taxes are both 100. For this economy, graph the IS curve for r changing from 0 to 8 http://youtu.be/_19w5dcGhCo?t=5m30s b. The money demand function in Hicksonia is (M/P)^d=Y-100r The nominal money supply is 1000 and the price level P is 2. For this economy, graph the LM curve for r ranging from 0 to 8 http://youtu.be/_19w5dcGhCo?t=9m c. Find the equilibrium interest rate r and equilibrium level of income Y. http://youtu.be/vx6w5JFIjzw d. Suppose that government purchases are raised from 100 to 150. How does the IS curve shift? What are the new equilibrium interest rate and level of income? http://youtu.be/b28lsOUFOtw e. Suppose instead that the money supply is raised from 1000 to 1200. How does the LM curve shift? What are the new equilibrium interest rate and level of income? http://youtu.be/yBBpE8PzoKU f. With the initial values for monetary and fiscal policy, suppose that the price level rises from 2 to 4. What happens? What are the new equilibrium interest rate and level of income? http://youtu.be/5EPvwarCqDA g. Derive and graph an equation for the aggregate demand curve. What happens to this aggregate demand curve if fiscal or monetary policy changes, as in part (a) and (e)? from Mankiw's Macroeconomics (8th ed) - Aggregate Demand Part 2 (Chapter 12) - Problem 3 ----------------------------------------------------------------
Views: 24470 economicurtis
The Determinants of Exchange Rates in a Floating Exchange Rate System
 
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To understand how a country's currency might appreciate or depreciate, you must understand the variable that can affect demand or supply for the currency on the forex market. This lesson will introduce a useful acronym (TIPSY) for remembering the determinants of exchange rates, and evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of floating exchange rate systems. Want to learn more about economics, or just be ready for an upcoming quiz, test or end of year exam? Jason Welker is available for tutoring, IB internal assessment and extended essay support, and other services to support economics students and teachers. Learn more here! http://econclassroom.com/?page_id=5870
Views: 27201 Jason Welker
Learn how supply and demand affects the exchange rate between currencies.
 
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Try a Free Trial of The Great Courses Plus here: https://www.thegreatcoursesplus.com/special-offer?utm_source=US_OnlineVideo&utm_medium=SocialMediaEditorialYouTube&utm_campaign=136308 Don’t forget to subscribe to our channel – we are adding new videos all the time! https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=TheGreatCourses
Y1/IB 16) Exchange Rate Changes - Appreciations and Depreciations
 
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AS/IB 15) Exchange Rate Changes - Appreciations and Depreciations. An understanding of how exchange rates can appreciate or depreciate due to changes in demand/supply of a currency Twitter: https://twitter.com/econplusdal Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/EconplusDal-1651992015061685/?ref=aymt_homepage_panel
Views: 66779 EconplusDal
Chapter 18 Part 1:  Foreign Exchange Intervention and BOP
 
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This video discusses how central banks can intervene in foreign exchange markets as part of monetary policy actions. Thanks for watching!
#28 Foreign exchange rate part-3 | components of demand and supply of foreign currency
 
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Hello friends.... Foreign exchange rate class 12 economics.... Components of demand and supply of foreign exchange... Effect of increase or decrease of demand on foreign exchange rate... Effect of increase or decrease of supply on foreign exchange rate..... Fixed exchange rate system class 12 economics... Flexible exchange rate system of foreign exchange.. Determination of flexible exchange rate ..... Process of determination of flexible exchange rate.... Managed floating class 12 macroeconomics.... Gold system of exchange rate.... Bretton wood system of exchange rate... Exchange rate mechanism class 12 Exchange rate management..... Foreign exchange rate part-1 class 12 macroeconomics https://youtu.be/fn_cwPphjFE foreign exchange rate part-2 class 12 macroeconomics https://youtu.be/TkZ-jQ3Qiq4 *********************************************** Contact me at Whatsapp-8802919803 Email me- [email protected] **************************************************
Views: 611 Azam classes
Interest Rates and Exchange Rates
 
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See more videos at: http://talkboard.com.au/ In this video, we will look at how interest rates and exchange rates are linked. As overseas investors respond to changes in domestic interest rates and consequently the impact on the demand and supply for our currency.
Views: 14412 talkboard.com.au
Impact of Exchange Rate Appreciations and Depreciations with Evaluation
 
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Exchange Rate Changes Impacts (Appreciation and Depreciation) - The impacts of appreciations and depreciations of an exchange rate with evaluation
Views: 41338 EconplusDal
John Makin: Pegged Exchange Rate Means Passive Money Supply
 
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Third-party photos, graphics, and video clips in this video may have been cropped or reframed. Music in this video may have been recut from its original arrangement and timing. In the event this video uses Creative Commons assets: If not noted in the description, titles for Creative Commons assets used in this video can be found at the link provided after each asset. The use of third-party photos, graphics, video clips, and/or music in this video does not constitute an endorsement from the artists and producers licensing those materials. AEI operates independently of any political party and does not take institutional positions on any issues. AEI scholars, fellows, and their guests frequently take positions on policy and other issues. When they do, they speak for themselves and not for AEI or its trustees or other scholars or employees. More information on AEI research integrity can be found here: http://www.aei.org/about/ #news #politics #government #education
What Influences Exchange Rates?
 
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You may have crossed an international border recently and have had to exchange your money from your local currency to another. Or you might have purchased goods online from a shop based overseas. Or you might be trading in the foreign exchange market. Chances are, you've dealt exchange rates before. In fact, if you've done any of the above, you’re a small factor in influencing exchange rates. To read a full analysis, visit the following page: https://www.hiwayfx.com/forex-hub/what-influences-exchange-rates
Views: 27860 HiWayFX
GDP Calculation, Nominal&Real Interest Rate, Central Banker Money Supply Control
 
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Visit- www.edunirvana.com, to know more about our latest product- Economics Lab! (Fastest and surest way to learn Economics!) This video consists of small snippets of story called no money island. This story is designed to be most innovative, efficient and effective way to learn basic concepts of Macroeconomics In this 15 minutes video learner will learn about concepts of GDP, Nominal and Real Interest Rates and Ways to control Money Supply in the economy in an intuitive, interactive and engaging manner. In this story the learner would see how king and his ministers have evolved the island's inefficient economy from an arcane barter system to robust and thriving economy by introducing the concepts of money, financial system, central bank and consumer price index. The Story also shows how this island started trading with other nearby islands to harness its competitive advantage, how it evolved its exchange rate and balance of payment, how it started measuring economy's health and how it started differentiating between real and nominal values Pl check out www.edunirvana.com if interested.
Views: 58376 Ashutosh Seth
108. How Interest Rates Move the Forex Market Part 1
 
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http://www.informedtrades.com/25425-how-interest-rates-move-forex-market-part-1-a.html Like current and future earnings prospects are the most important factors to consider when trying to forecast the long term direction of a stock, current and future interest rate prospects are the most important factors to consider when trying to forecast the long term direction of a currency. Because of this fact, currencies are highly sensitive to any economic news that can affect the country's interest rates, an important factor for traders of all time frames to understand. As we learned in module 8 of our free basics of trading course located in the free course section of InformedTrades.com, when the central bank of a country raises interest rates this not only affects the short term rate that they target, but the interest rates for all types of debt instruments. If the central bank of a country raises interest rates then debt instruments of all types are going to become more attractive to investors, all else being equal. This not only means that foreign investors are more likely to invest in the debt of that country, but also that domestic investors are less likely to look outside the country for higher yield, creating more demand for the debt of that country and driving the value of the currency up, all else being equal. Conversely, when a central bank lowers interest rates, then interest rates on all types of debt instruments for that country are going to be less attractive to investors, all else being equal. This not only means that both foreign and domestic investors are less likely to invest in the debt of that country, but that they are also more likely to pull money out to seek higher returns in other countries, creating less demand for, and a greater market supply of that currency, and driving its value down, all else being equal. Once this is understood, it is next important to understand that foreign investors are exposed to not only the potential profit or loss from interest rate changes on the debt instrument they are investing in, but also to profits and losses which result from fluctuations in the value of that country's currency. This is an important concept to understand, as it generally will work to increase the profits for investors when interest rates increase, as the increase in the value of the currency is realized when they sell the investment and convert back into their home country's currency. This gives the foreign investor that much extra return on their investment, and that much extra incentive to invest when interest rates rise, driving the value of the currency up further all else being equal. Conversely when interest rates decrease, there will be less demand for the debt instruments of a country not only because of the lower yield to investors, but also because of the decrease in the value of the currency that normally comes with a decrease in interest rates. The additional whammy of a loss to the foreign investor from the currency conversion that results as part of the investment, further incitivizes them to put their money elsewhere, decreasing the value of the currency further, all else being equal.
Views: 30744 InformedTrades
#74, Supply of foreign exchange,it's reasons and curve(Class 12 macroeconomics)
 
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Class 12 macroeconomics..... Foreign exchange rate..... Supply of foreign exchange.... Reasons for rise in supply of foreign exchange...... Supply curve of foreign exchange....... Contact for my book 7690041256 Economics on your tips video 74 Our books are now available on Amazon Special Combo - Economics on your tips Micro + Macro http://amzn.in/d/eSxj5Ui Economics on your tips Macroeconomics http://amzn.in/d/2AMX85O Economics on your tips Microeconomics http://amzn.in/d/cZykZVK Official series of playlists UG courses ( bcom, bba, bca, ba, honours) – https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLgC10_Xv-BGirAqOr-hU8e-N_Nz0UpgJ- Micro economics complete course – https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLgC10_Xv-BGg5n3YU6oEV7_HIzBuEbbOz Macro economics complete course- https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLgC10_Xv-BGg2ORORpILqiDR1gyH3MkXw Statistics complete course- https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLgC10_Xv-BGjrAkDyeMioJ7DEexAEeVdt National income – https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLgC10_Xv-BGjpE-1V4uz_0wvvbZQnSsj_ In order to promote us and help us grow Paytm on - 769041256
Views: 128874 Economics on your tips
Effects of and increase in the money supply on interest rates and investment
 
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Presentation on relationship between the money supply, interest rates, and investment.
Views: 2734 Presentations
Macro Unit 5, Question 6: Exchange Rate and Inflation
 
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Mr. Clifford's app is now available at the App Store and Google play. His mobile app is perfect for students in AP macroeconomics or college introductory macro courses. It is designed to help you ace the exam, final, or AP test. The app includes over 60 new economics videos that are not available on YouTube. These videos explain complex concepts in a student-friendly, easy to understand manor that will help you retain the information. Join the hundreds of thousands of students that have used Mr. Clifford's videos and resources to ace your macroeconomics course.
Views: 15841 Jacob Clifford
The Gold Standard: How Does it Work? Do We Need It?
 
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The Gold Standard: How Does it Work? Do We Need It? 🌟SPECIAL OFFERS: ► Free 30 day Audible Trial & Get 2 Free Audiobooks: https://amzn.to/2Iu08SE ...OR: 🌟 try Audiobooks.com 🎧for FREE! : http://affiliates.audiobooks.com/tracking/scripts/click.php?a_aid=5b8c26085f4b8 The gold standard is a monetary system in which the standard economic unit of account is a fixed weight of gold. There are distinct kinds of gold standard. First, the gold specie standard is a system in which the monetary unit is associated with circulating gold coins, or with the unit of value defined in terms of one particular circulating gold coin in conjunction with subsidiary coinage made from a less valuable metal. Similarly, the gold exchange standard typically does not involve the circulation of gold coins, instead using notes or coins made of silver or other metals, but where the authorities guarantee a fixed exchange rate with another country that is on the gold standard. This creates a de facto gold standard, in that the value of the silver coins has a fixed external value in terms of gold that is independent of the inherent silver value. Finally, the gold bullion standard is a system in which gold coins do not circulate, but in which the authorities have agreed to sell gold bullion on demand at a fixed price in exchange for the circulating currency. No country currently uses the gold standard as the basis of its monetary system, although several hold substantial gold reserves. (from Wikipedia) There are strong arguments for and against the gold standard. Others say that neither the Federal Reserve OR the gold standard should exist, and that instead, the U.S. Treasury itself should control the currency supply by issuing a Greenback currency (rather than the PRIVATE Federal Reserve Bank). This position's case has been well made in the documentary film "The Secret of Oz" by Bill Still. Watch "The Secret of Oz" for free on Bill Still's channel: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=swkq2E8mswI&feature=plcp SUBSCRIBE to Bright Enlightenment: http://www.youtube.com/BrightEnlightenment Join the club: http://www.facebook.com/BrightEnlightenment What do you think? Federal Reserve? Gold Standard? U.S. Treasury Greenbacks? Leave a comments, thoughts, and opinions in the comments!
Views: 109031 Bright Enlightenment
MMT: The Impact Of Interest Rate Targets On The Economy Is Indeterminate
 
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Professor L. Randall Wray explaining the Modern Money Theory perspective on changes in interest rates. The mainstream belief is that raising interest rates will decrease consumption and lending (because savers are getting paid more to not consume, and borrowers would have to pay more to borrow to spend) thereby driving prices lower and limiting inflation, and the reverse for lowering interest rates. This leads to a simple policy: if inflation is too low, lower interest rates; if inflation is too high, raise interest rates. The MMT position is that this is nonsense. Even if the above were true (and there's reason to believe it isn't), it can be partially or completely or even more than completely cancelled out by the interest paid by government on government bonds. When interest rates go up, the government has to pay more on its debt, raising the budget deficit, potentially resulting in increased stimulation of the economy, depending on who is holding the bonds and how much of the interest they spend. The opposite is true for lowering the interest rate. Addtionally, but not mentioned in this video, there is actually some empirical evidence that higher interest rates don't cause people to save more, but can actually cause them to save *less*. This is explained by saying that some people behave as if they are trying to hit a savings target: high interest rates make it easier for you to, say, have $800,000 by the time you're 65. Lower interest rates make the goal much harder, (because of compounding) and so might cause some people to save *more* of their current income. Additionally, the Fed doesn't "set the quantitiy of money." First of all, they only even interact with the market for bank reserves, which are only a small subset of the "money supply," and not linked to the larger supply of bank deposits (the money multiplier model only applies on a fixed exchange rate system). Second, the central bank has no control even over the quantity of bank reserves: if it refused to supply needed reserves, then banks would be forced to borrow them from other banks, driving interest rates up, causing the Fed to miss their interest rate target. So the Fed must accomodate the demand for reserves in order to hit the interest rate target. And finally, while open market operations do increase or decrease the stock of bank reserves, they don't affect the total financial wealth in the economy. It just trades one asset (bonds) for another (cash). The private sector balance sheet still adds up the same. It's the equivalent of moving your money from your checking account to your savings account: you still have the same total wealth, it just takes a different form. So, why would we believe that has any impact on spending behavior? See the whole video here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KoBnwfokW5Q&list=PLYvSXI9SKGf2lIno6TI0r_PbLX_cpAwuu&index=8 Like Deficit Owls on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/DeficitOwls/
Views: 1261 Deficit Owls
Calculating Exchange Rates from Linear Equations - part 1
 
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An exchange rate is simply an equilibrium price in a market for a currency, and like the prices of other goods, services and resources, a currency's value can be calculated if the equations for supply and demand are known. This lesson will demonstrate how to calculate an equilibrium exchange rate from linear equations, and in part 2 demonstrate how an intervention by a central bank can lead to a change in demand or supply of a currency and thus trigger a change in its value. Want to learn more about economics, or just be ready for an upcoming quiz, test or end of year exam? Jason Welker is available for tutoring, IB internal assessment and extended essay support, and other services to support economics students and teachers. Learn more here! http://econclassroom.com/?page_id=5870
Views: 3887 Jason Welker
Exchange rate 1:  Demand for dollars
 
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The demand curve for dollars
Views: 10855 lostmy1
Macro 4.1- Money Market and FED Tools (Monetary Policy)
 
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Mr. Clifford explains the supply and demand for money and the three tools that the FED uses to adjust the money supply
Views: 216545 Jacob Clifford
What Causes Inflation?
 
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How To Start Your Own Country: http://testu.be/1BtlM4Y » Subscribe to NowThis World: http://go.nowth.is/World_Subscribe The micronation of Liberland has over 350,000 applicants for citizenship. So, we can't help but wonder, how powerful is Liberland? Learn More: Liberland https://fund.liberland.org/en Creating the Kingdom of North Sudan http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2015/05/150510120858265.html "On June 16, 2014 - the seventh birthday of his only daughter - Jeremiah Heaton, a farmer in the US state of Virginia, planted a blue flag bearing a golden crown and four stars into the desert sands of northeast Africa." Liberland: hundreds of thousands apply to live in world's newest 'country' http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/apr/24/liberland-hundreds-of-thousands-apply-to-live-in-worlds-newest-country "Accessible only by car via miles of winding, dusty Croatian roads, Gornja Siga - current population zero - is an unlikely testing ground for a plan to shape the world's political future." Watch More: How To Start Your Own Country https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p1L7IbUDM8k _________________________ NowThis World is dedicated to bringing you topical explainers about the world around you. Each week we’ll be exploring current stories in international news, by examining the facts, providing historical context, and outlining the key players involved. We’ll also highlight powerful countries, ideologies, influential leaders, and ongoing global conflicts that are shaping the current landscape of the international community across the globe today. More from NowThis: » Subscribe to NowThis News: http://go.nowth.is/News_Subscribe » Like NowThis World on Facebook: https://go.nowth.is/World_Facebook » Connect with Judah: Follow @judah_robinson on Twitter – Facebook: http://go.nowth.is/LikeJudah » Connect with Versha: Follow @versharma on Twitter – Facebook: http://go.nowth.is/LikeVersha http://www.youtube.com/nowthisworld
Views: 215615 NowThis World