A phrasal verb is usually a verb plus a preposition that we use in a different context than the verb's original meaning. For example, did you know that "to carry a tune" means to sing well? To "carry" literally means to move something while supporting it, but it can mean different things when used in phrasal verbs. In this lesson, you will learn what it means to "carry out your tasks", "carry on" in class or at work, "get carried away", and more.
Hi. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. Today's lesson is about phrasal verbs, using the verb "carry". And again, phrasal... Phrasal verbs are verbs plus a preposition that, together, means something else than the two words themselves. Now, I know you've seen many of these phrasal verb lessons. Don't worry, I think we're almost done, because I've gone through most of them.
"Carry", usually you carry... You carry a basket, you carry a child, you move something in your arms. You carry it. Right? So, most of those have to do with that idea of carrying something.
The most common of these is "carry on". Okay? What does it mean to "carry on"? A few meanings. One is to continue. So, my staff is having a meeting, and I say: "Oh, sorry to interrupt everyone, but I need to make an announcement." I make an announcement. "Everybody understands. Yes? Okay, carry on, continue." Okay? It could also mean to continue something that's been going on for a long time. So, for example, Jimmy wants to carry on his father's tradition of having a barbeque every Sunday with the whole family, so to keep something going, like a tradition, a custom, etc.
"Carry on with" is a little bit different. Actually, it's quite different. When you "carry on with someone", it usually mean you were flirting. Now, I'm not sure if you know this word, "to flirt". "To flirt" means to, like, have some fun with somebody of the opposite sex, or it could mean to have an actual affair, to have an affair with someone, to carry on with someone. Now, there's quite a few differences between British English and American English. In British English, "carry on" can also mean to talk, and talk, and talk, and talk, usually complaining about something. "Oh, stop carrying on about that. We don't care anymore." In American English, it would just be go on. "Stop. Oh, you're going on and on about this. Just forget it. Let it go. Move on. Continue." Okay? So, British/American, slightly different.
"Carry over". "Carry over", it could mean carry something from here over to here, physically, but it could also mean to move something to another time, another place. For example, the meeting we had, we had too many things to speak about, we didn't finish everything on time, so we will carry it over to tomorrow. Tomorrow we will start again, and finish what we need to do. So, "carry over", move to a different time, place, position.
"Carry back". Sometimes, you know, I'm driving in my car and I turn on the radio, and I hear this song, and it just carries me back to when I was a teenager in high school, and when I was just having fun. So, "carry back" means sort of like remind, but more in terms of nostalgia. Nostalgia. It just takes you back, carries you back to another time and place, a different mindset, etc.
"Carry around". So, I can... If I have a baby, I could put on my little pouch thing on my back, put my baby on the back, and carry it around as I go for a little walk. So, you can, again, physically carry something around, but you can also carry around baggage, emotional baggage. So, for example, if you feel very, very guilty about something you did or something that happened, you can carry that guilt around with you for your whole life. It's like a weight on your shoulders, and you're carrying it around, even though it's just inside your head. Okay? So, that person is carrying around too much baggage, emotional baggage.
"Carry off" means to complete something successfully. So, I had a big presentation at work, and after... After the presentation, my boss comes up to me, he goes: "You carried that off great. Good job." Right? I did it, I finished it, successful, everybody was happy. "Carry off" also means to take away. Okay? I picked her up and carried her off into the sunset, my darling, whoever she might be.
"Out", "carry out" basically means to do, or more correctly is to perform. You carry out a task. Okay? You do something. If the boss asks you to do something and he wants you to carry... Carry it out as soon as possible. Okay? In British English, "carry out" is the same as American "take out". So you go to a restaurant, you order your food, and carry out; to go.